Encyclopedia Vol. 2
the field of evolution most explanations are not good. As a matter of
fact, they hardly qualify as explanations at all; they are suggestions,
hunches, pipe dreams, hardly worthy of being called hypotheses."—
*Norman Macbeth, Darwin Retried (1971), p. 147.
"No one has ever
found an organism that is known not to have parents, or a parent. This
is the strongest evidence on behalf of evolution."—*Tom
Bethell, "Agnostic Evolutionists," Harper's, February
1985, p. 61.
"As by this theory,
innumerable transitional forms must have existed. Why do we not find
them embedded in the crust of the earth? Why is not all nature in
confusion instead of being, as we see them, well defined
species?"— *Charles Darwin, quoted in H. Enoch, Evolution or
Creation, (1966). p. 139.
"Where are we when
presented with the mystery of life? We find ourselves facing a granite
wall which we have not even chipped . . We know virtually nothing of
growth, nothing of life."—*W. Kaempifert, "The Greatest
Mystery of All: the Secret of Life," New York Times.
"I think, however,
that we must go further than this and admit that the only acceptable
explanation is creation. 1 know that this is anathema to physicists, as
indeed it is to me, but we must not reject a theory that we do not like
if the experimental evidence supports it."— *H. Lipson,
"A Physicist Looks at Evolution," Physics Bulletin 31 (19801,
"I am not satisfied
that Darwin proved his point or that his influence in scientific and
public thinking has been beneficial . . the success of Darwinism was
accomplished by a decline in scientific integrity."—*W. R.
Thompson, Introduction to "Charles Darwin, Origin of the Species.
" 'The Darwinian
theory of descent has not a single fact to confirm it in the realm of
nature. It is not the result of scientific research, but purely the
product of imagination."'— *Dr. Fleischman. (Erlangen
zoologist), quoted in F. Meldau, Why We Believe in Creation, Not
Evolution, p. 10.
"The hold of the
evolutionary paradigm is so powerful that an idea which is more like a
principle of medieval astrology than a serious twentieth century
scientific theory has become a reality for evolutionary biologists."—*Michael
Denton, Evolution: A Theory In Crisis (1986), p.306.
summon up enough general, vague and conjectural reasons to account for
this fact, and if these were not taken seriously, he could come up with
a different, but equally general, vague and conjectural set of
reasons."— *Gertrude Himmelfarb, Darwin and Darwinian
Revolution (1968), p. 319.
truth is simply that we have no reliable evidence as to the evolutionary
sequence . . One can find qualified, professional arguments for any
group being the descendant of almost any other."—*J. Bonner,
"Book Review," American Scientist 49:1961, p. 240.
"It was because
Darwinian theory broke man's link with God and set him adrift in a
cosmos without purpose or end that its impact was so fundamental. No
other intellectual revolution in modern times.. so profoundly affected
the way men viewed themselves and their place in the universe."— *Michael
Denton (Australian molecular biologist), Evolution: A Theory in Crisis
(1985), p. 67.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ORIGIN OF LIFE
Evolution Disproved Series — Book
Table of Contents
Section 3 — Origin of Life:
Chapter 7 — The Primitive Environment
Chapter 8 — DNA and Protein Evolution
Chapter 9 — Cellular Evolution
Section 4 — Evolution of Life:
Chapter 10 — Natural Selection
Chapter 12 — Mutations
Chapter 13 — Species Evolution
Section 5 — Past Evidences of
Chapter 14 — Fossils and Strata
Chapter 15 — Ancient Man
Chapter 16 — Effects of the Flood
"The greatest tragedy that ever
befell man's thinking, was when the beautiful and wonderful and
mysterious world fell into the hands of theorists who captured the
minds, first of the thinkers and then even of the thoughtless. For what
they showed them was not nature as it is but a horrible caricature of
nature as it would have to be to make their theories work." — V.
Barclay, Darwin Is not for Children (1950), p. 74.
In the summer of 1989
the present writer learned that the California State Department of
Education had recently notified the private, non-tax-funded Graduate
School of ICR that it would have to close its doors if it did not teach
evolutionary origins and processes in its science classes.
The Institute for
Creation Research has, since the early 1970s, been the largest group
working to educate the public in regard to the evidence disproving
evolution. An attempt to close their college because it will not teach
that which it knows to be error—and has satisfactorily proven to be
error—is ridiculous, yet this is what the situation has come to in our
nation. We have reached a point in America where evolutionary theorists
control the science organizations and are seeking to take over every
school in the land.
The ruling, seeking to
force the closing of the ICR Graduate School in southern California,
crystallized in the present writer a conviction that an in-depth book
needed to be written to help awaken the thinking public to what
scientific facts really have to say in regard to creation science and
information on the excellent work that ICR is doing, we would encourage
you to contact them: Institute for Creation Research, P.O. Box
2667, El Cajon, CA 92021; telephone: 619-448-0900. You will find a list
of other pro-creation organizations at the back of the third volume in
this set of books. Three important ones would be: (1) Creation
Research Society, P.O. 14016, Terre Haute, IN 47803; (2) Bible-Science
Association, 2911 E. 42nd Street, Minneapolis, MN 55409; (3) Geoscience
Research Institute, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350.
Many worthwhile books and journals dealing with creation science will
also be listed at the end of this set of books.)
The present 3-Volume set of books has
been prepared in order to achieve an unusually broad scope of coverage,
and yet present it in simple language. The way to stop the evolutionary
onslaught is to educate the public. It is the sincere hope of the author
that this set of books may help toward that end. Special thanks goes to
the William Jennings College Library in Dayton, Tennessee for their loan
of creation/evolution books and related materials.
Here are some of the
special features to be found in this present set of three books:
DEPTH OF COVERAGE—The
objective has been to provide you with nearly every worthwhile point
dealing with each subject category. This is something that is not
normally done. For example, under stellar evolution, you will find far
more points dealt with than are to be found under this topic in most any
easily-readable book critiquing stellar evolutionary theory. You may not
wish to use all the points covered, but they are there if you need them.
BREADTH OF COVERAGE—Many
excellent books deal only with one or two subject categories. Some
concern themselves only with fossils, others with the history of
evolutionary thought and certain biological aspects. In this present set
of books, the objective has been to present the heart of each major
aspect of the creation-evolution controversy. Included here will be
found areas that are rarely mentioned at all, much less covered in
a simple word could be used, a bigger one was avoided. The primary
exception would be basic technical "label" words of science
and evolutionary theory (examples: nebular hypothesis,
paleontologist, overthrusts, recapitulation). If such words were not
used, you would be blanked out on certain facts you need to know in
order to grasp and discuss the subject properly. This material is
suitable for high school and college level, as well as for adult
in the various fields will also find its abundance of points and breadth
of coverage helpful. Scientists tend to be experts in a few highly
narrowed areas, while not knowing as much as they would like about some
others. This book will provide them with an overview of many scientific
facts that bear upon a variety of fields. We have tried to cover in this
set of three books, every basic area of concern in the on-going
creation-evolution controversy. To our knowledge, no other book or book
set does that.
LACK OF COMPLEX
MATH—You will find no
complicated mathematical formulas in these books. Results of math
computations are occasionally given, but not the equations or
calculations they are based on. Those who enjoy the depths of algebra
and calculus will need to refer to our quoted sources.
THREE SEPARATE BOOKS—This
material has been divided into three separate books, each dealing with
its own range of topics.
Each book may be
purchased separately; you are not required to buy the entire set. Yet
the books dovetail.
Combined, they provide a
fairly thorough coverage, and frequent cross-references are made to
related material in other chapters. In addition, three-volume topical
indexes are to be found at the back of each of the books. Consecutive
paging of the entire three books makes possible these unified indexes.
ARRANGEMENT OF MATERIAL—Careful
thought was given to the order in which this collection of scientific
facts should be presented.
Volume 1— The origin
of matter, stars, galaxies, the solar system, and the origin and age of
the earth. The origin of the earth requires an analysis of dating
methods, which is also included.
Volume 2 — The origin
of life, and whether it could evolve into new species. The mechanisms by
which evolution would have to occur. The evidence is clear that life
origin and evolution have not occurred.
Volume 3 — Additional
topics needing to be considered, including other evidences for and
against evolution, as well as historical information.
purpose of this set of books is to give you the facts in an
understandable format so you can know and use them. For this reason,
bracketed English/metric equivalents are given immediately following
measurements. This is done both in the text and in quoted statements of
scientists. Miles, millimeters, pounds, pints, barrels, decigrams,
inches, liters, Centigrade, tons, Fahrenheit, kilograms; whatever it may
be, a measurement equivalent is generally given. (Lacking clarifying
data, tonnage units were assumed to be in short tons [2,000 lb] rather
than long [2,240 lb].) Unfortunately, the use of two separate
measurement systems in use by Western Civilization has only added to the
confusion. Only the measurement of time has been left without
double measurement standards.
quotations are set in a smaller type size and narrower width line.
References are given in italics, immediately following the
quotation,—instead of being placed in a footnote, at the end of the
chapter, or at the back of the book. You do not have to go searching in
order to find the source for a quotation; it will be there right in
front of you!
A problem in some books
are partial references that refer back to more complete references pages
earlier (example: Grant, p. 283). But in this present set of books, each
reference is given as completely as could be obtained (author, title,
copyright date, and page). The exception is ibid. (same reference as
preceding quotation) and op. cit. (same reference, but a different page
number), yet even these two are only given immediately following a
quotation giving the complete source.
primary (not secondary) sources were given for each quotation.
large number of quotations are included in this set of books, and a
majority of them were written by non-creationists. It seemed well to try
to identify creationist or evolutionist writers, when referred to or
quoted in these volumes. For this purpose an asterisk ( * ) has been
used. An asterisk preceding a name indicates that that
individual is not known by the present writer to be a creationist This
asterisk identification is not used for some individuals who lived prior
to the 20th century. It frequently is not used after the first mention
of a person in a paragraph or connected section of text. It is not used
for persons named within a quotation, but is used in references at the
end of quotations.
artists helped produce illustrations for this series of books. Jim
Pinkosky provided a number of scientific illustrations. In addition,
Fritz Alseth prepared a variety of special pictures (the "pen
points") in order to graphically illustrate many of the
principles clarified in the text.
As one reads through the
wealth of information in these books, it becomes obvious that
evolutionary theorists have used many devices and undergone many
tribulations and defeats in their efforts to use the flimsy evidence
they have gathered, prop up their theory, and resist the ever-growing
mountain of negative evidence. Frankly, the situation is humorous. With
this in mind, the present writer wrote the captions for a variety of
small cartoon-like pictures. These were sent to Fritz, who then drew
pictures to match them. His illustrations greatly help in reinforcing
the powerful truths you will learn in the accompanying text. Thank you,
Jim and Fritz!
In these books you will
find 50 diagrams, 27 charts 10 reproductions, 74 sketches or drawings, 8
maps, 5 pictures, and 222 pen point pictures.
many instances in which major topics are discussed in two different
chapters, each will refer to the other by chapter location.
CROSS-REFERENCES—A wealth of
additional material on various topics is given in the appendices at the
back of most chapters. When additional material on a topic is to be
found in the appendix, the reader will be notified of that at the
appropriate point in the text.
sizeable quantity of additional resource material dealing with the
creation—evolution controversy is listed at the end of the third
volume. It includes a list of outstanding creationist books, journal
articles, as well as creationist organizations worldwide.
A BOOK YOU CAN USE—Because
of its simple approach, wide coverage, and helpful quotations, this set
of books is excellent for several purposes, including: (1) Personal
study; (2) sermon, prayer meeting, and lecture source material; (3)
background material for your own magazine articles, booklets, books, and
other media presentations. The truth should be shared in every way
possible. We will not be concerned if you quote from this set of books
extensively. They were not written merely to keep the information to
LIMITED PHOTOCOPYING— We hereby
give permission to make Xerox copies of part or all of a single
chapter at a time, for (1) lecture notes to simplify presentation of
these topics, and (2) hand-out sheets to share with others singly, or
in classroom, lecture hall, church or other group meetings.
It is time we get
serious about this—and educate as many as possible on the issues
involved! If we do not instruct the people about true scientific
principles, others will later instruct them in errors—with devastating
You have just completed
FOR EVOLUTION ENCYCLOPEDIA VOL 2
Go to the next
Chapter 9 THE PRIMITIVE ENVIRONMENT