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| Carpocrates, Cerinthus, Ebion. |
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Chapter III.—Carpocrates, Cerinthus, Ebion.
Carpocrates, furthermore, introduced the following
sect. He affirms that there is one Virtue, the chief among the upper
(regions): that out of this were produced angels and Virtues, which,
being far distant from the upper Virtues, created this world8373
in the lower regions: that Christ was not
born of the Virgin Mary, but was generated—a mere human
being—of the seed of Joseph, superior (they admit) above all
others in the practice of righteousness and in integrity of life; that
He suffered among the Jews; and that His soul alone was received in
heaven as having been more firm and hardy than all others: whence he
would infer, retaining only the salvation of souls, that there are no
resurrections of the body.
After him brake out the heretic Cerinthus,
teaching similarly. For he, too, says that the world8374
was originated by those
and sets forth
Christ as born of the seed of Joseph, contending that He was merely
human, without divinity; affirming also that the Law was given by
| 8375 “Ab illis”
is perhaps an error for “ab angelis,” by absorption of the
first syllable. So Routh has conjectured before me.|
God of the Jews as not the Lord, but an angel.
| 8376 “Ab
angelis:” an erroneous notion, which professed probably to derive
support from John i. 17, Acts
vii. 53, Gal. iii. 19, where,
however, the Greek prepositions should be carefully noted, and ought in
no case to be rendered by “ab.”|
His successor was Ebion,8377
not agreeing with Cerinthus in every point; in that he affirms the
to have been made by God, not by angels; and
because it is written, “No disciple above his master, nor
servant above his lord,”8379
sets forth likewise the law as binding,8380
| 8379 See Matt. x. 24; Luke iv. 40; John xiii.
of course for the purpose of excluding the
gospel and vindicating Judaism.
| 8380 i.e., as Rig.’s
quotation from Jerome’s Indiculus (in Oehler) shows,
“because in so far as, Christ observed it.”|
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