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  • CHAPTER - INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES 10
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    This part, ( 1 Chronicles 10:1-12) which gives an account of the last battle of Saul with the Philistines, and of his death and burial, is the same with ( 1 Samuel 31:1-13) see the notes there; the cause of his death follows in ( 1 Chronicles 10:13).

    Ver. 13 . So Saul died for his transgression , etc.] ((See Gill on “ Samuel 31:13”)) A violent and dishonourable death, which was suffered on account of the sins he was guilty of: one was, which he committed against the Lord, even against the word of the Lord, which he kept not ; both in not staying for Samuel the time appointed, and by sparing the Amalekites whom he was bid to destroy, ( 1 Samuel 13:13,14 15:3,9) and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to inquire of it ; what he should do with respect to engaging in battle with the Philistines, ( 1 Samuel 28:8,15) which to do was contrary to an express command of God, ( Leviticus 19:31).

    Ver. 14 . And inquired not of the Lord , etc.] For though he did inquire in some sense in an external, careless, and hypocritical manner, yet not done seriously, sincerely, and heartily, nor with constancy; it was accounted as if he inquired not at all, ( 1 Samuel 28:6) the Targum adds another reason of his death, because he killed the priests of Nob; but that is not in the text: therefore he slew him ; or suffered him to be slain: and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse ; translated the kingdom of Israel out of Saul’s family, upon his death, into Jesse’s, even unto David; for the sake of which observation this short account is given of the last end of Saul.

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