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1Ch 19:1-5. DAVID'S MESSENGERS, SENT TO COMFORT HANUN, ARE DISGRACEFULLY TREATED.
1. after this--This phrase seems to indicate that the incident now
to be related took place immediately, or soon after the wars described
in the preceding chapter. But the chronological order is loosely
observed, and the only just inference that can be drawn from the use of
this phrase is, that some farther account is to be given of the wars
against the Syrians.
3. are not his servants come unto thee for to search?--that is, thy capital, Rabbah (2Sa 10:3).
4, 5. shaved them--not completely, but only the half of their face. This disrespect to the beard, and indecent exposure of their persons by their clothes being cut off from the girdle downwards, was the grossest indignity to which Jews, in common with all Orientals, could be subjected. No wonder that the men were ashamed to appear in public--that the king recommended them to remain in seclusion on the border till the mark of their disgrace had disappeared--and then they might, with propriety, return to the court.
1Ch 19:6-15. JOAB AND ABISHAI OVERCOME THE AMMONITES.
6. when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious
to David--One universal feeling of indignation was roused throughout
Israel, and all classes supported the king in his determination to
avenge this unprovoked insult on the Hebrew nation.
7. So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots--Hebrew, "riders," or "cavalry," accustomed to fight either on horseback or in chariots, and occasionally on foot. Accepting this as the true rendering, the number of hired auxiliaries mentioned in this passage agrees exactly with the statement in 2Sa 10:6: twenty thousand (from Syria), twelve thousand (from Tob), equal to thirty-two thousand, and one thousand with the king of Maachah.
9-15. children of Ammon . . . put the battle in array before the gate
of the city--that is, outside the walls of Medeba, a frontier town on
1Ch 19:16-19. SHOPHACH SLAIN BY DAVID.
16. And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel--(See on 2Sa 10:15-19).
18. David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men--(Compare 2Sa 10:18, which has seven hundred chariots). Either the text in one of the books is corrupt [KEIL, DAVIDSON], or the accounts must be combined, giving this result--seven thousand horsemen, seven thousand chariots, and forty thousand footmen [KENNICOTT, HOUBIGANT, CALMET].