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1Ch 6:1-48. LINE OF THE PRIESTS.
10. he it is that executed the priest's office in the temple that
Solomon built in Jerusalem--It is doubtful whether the person in favor
of whom this testimony is borne be Johanan or Azariah. If the former,
he is the same as Jehoiada, who rendered important public services
if the latter, it refers to the worthy and independent part he acted in
resisting the unwarrantable encroachments of Uzziah
14. Azariah begat Seraiah--He filled the supreme pontifical office at the destruction of Jerusalem, and, along with his deputy and others, he was executed by Nebuchadnezzar's orders at Riblah (2Ki 25:18, 21). The line of high priests, under the first temple, which from Zadok amounted to twelve, terminated with him.
16-48. The sons of Levi; Gershom, &c.--This repetition (see 1Ch 6:1) is made, as the historian here begins to trace the genealogy of the Levitical families who were not priests. The list is a long one, comprising the chiefs or heads of their several families until David's reign, who made a new and different classification of them by courses.
20. Zimmah his son--his grandson (1Ch 6:42).
24. Uriel--or Zephaniah (1Ch 6:36).
27. Elkanah--the father of the prophet Samuel (1Sa 1:1).
28. the sons of Samuel--The sons of Samuel are here named Vashni and Abiah. The first-born is called Joel (1Sa 8:2); and this name is given to him in 1Ch 6:33. It is now generally thought by the best critics that, through an error of the copyists, an omission has been made of the oldest son's name, and that Vashni, which is not the name of a person, merely signifies "and the second." This critical emendation of the text makes all clear, as well as consistent with other passages relating to the family of Samuel.
32. before the dwelling-place, &c.--that is, in the tent which David
had erected for receiving the ark after it was removed from the house
This was a considerable time before the temple was built.
33. Shemuel--that is, Samuel. This is the exact representation of the Hebrew name.
39. his brother Asaph--They were brothers naturally, both being descended from Levi, as well as officially, both being of the Levitical order.
42. Ethan--or Jeduthun (1Ch 9:16; 2Ch 35:15).
48. Their brethren also the Levites were appointed unto all manner of service--Those of them who were endowed with musical tastes and talents were employed in various other departments of the temple service.
1Ch 6:49-81. OFFICE OF AARON AND HIS SONS.
60. thirteen cities--No more than eleven are named here; but two additional ones are mentioned (Jos 21:16, 17), which makes up the thirteen.
61. unto the sons of Kohath, which were left--that is, in addition to
the priests belonging to the same family and tribe of Levi.
62. to the sons of Gershom--Supply "the children of Israel gave."
67-81. they gave unto them of the cities of refuge--The names of the cities given here are considerably different from those applied to them (Jos 21:13-19). In the lapse of centuries, and from the revolutions of society, changes might have been expected to take place in the form or dialectic pronunciation of the names of those cities; and this will sufficiently account for the variations that are found in the lists as enumerated here and in an earlier book. As to these cities themselves that were assigned to the Levites, they were widely remote and separated--partly in fulfilment of Jacob's prophecy (Ge 49:7), and partly that the various districts of the country might obtain a competent supply of teachers who might instruct the people in the knowledge, and animate them to the observance, of a law which had so important a bearing on the promotion both of their private happiness and their national prosperity.