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1Sa 5:1, 2. THE PHILISTINES BRING THE ARK INTO THE HOUSE OF DAGON.
2. the house of Dagon--Stately temples were erected in honor of this idol, which was the principal deity of the Philistines, but whose worship extended over all Syria, as well as Mesopotamia and Chaldea; its name being found among the Assyrian gods on the cuneiform inscriptions [RAWLINSON]. It was represented under a monstrous combination of a human head, breast, and arms, joined to the belly and tail of a fish. The captured ark was placed in the temple of Dagon, right before this image of the idol.
1Sa 5:3-5. DAGON FALLS DOWN.
3, 4. they of Ashdod arose early--They were filled with consternation when they found the object of their stupid veneration prostrate before the symbol of the divine presence. Though set up, it fell again, and lay in a state of complete mutilation; its head and arms, severed from the trunk, were lying in distant and separate places, as if violently cast off, and only the fishy part remained. The degradation of their idol, though concealed by the priests on the former occasion, was now more manifest and infamous. It lay in the attitude of a vanquished enemy and a suppliant, and this picture of humiliation significantly declared the superiority of the God of Israel.
5. Therefore neither the priests . . . nor any . . . tread on the
threshold of Dagon--A superstitious ceremony crept in, and in the
providence of God was continued, by which the Philistines contributed
to publish this proof of the helplessness of their god.
1Sa 5:6-12. THE PHILISTINES ARE SMITTEN WITH EMERODS.
6. the hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod--The presumption
of the Ashdodites was punished by a severe judgment that overtook them
in the form of a pestilence.
7. the ark of God shall not abide with us--It was removed successively to several of the large towns of the country, but the same pestilence broke out in every place and raged so fiercely and fatally that the authorities were forced to send the ark back into the land of Israel [1Sa 5:8-10].
12. the cry of the city went up to heaven--The disease is attended with acute pain, and it is far from being a rare phenomenon in the Philistian plain [VAN DE VELDE].