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2Ch 14:1-5. ASA DESTROYS IDOLATRY.
5. he took away . . . the high places--that is, those devoted to
2Ch 14:6-8. HAVING PEACE, HE STRENGTHENS HIS KINGDOM WITH FORTS AND ARMIES.
6. he built fenced cities in Judah--(See on 1Ki 15:22).
7. while the land is yet before us--that is, while we have free and undisputed progress everywhere; no foe is near; but, as this happy time of peace may not last always and the kingdom is but small and weak, let us prepare suitable defenses in case of need. He had also an army of five hundred eighty thousand men. Judah furnished the heavily armed soldiers, and Benjamin the archers. This large number does not mean a body of professional soldiers, but all capable of bearing arms and liable to be called into service.
2Ch 14:9-15. HE OVERCOMES ZERAH, AND SPOILS THE ETHIOPIANS.
9. there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian--This could not
have been from Ethiopia south of the cataracts of the Nile, for in the
reign of Osorkon I, successor of Shishak, no foreign army would have
been allowed a free passage through Egypt. Zerah must, therefore, have
been chief of the Cushites, or Ethiopians of Arabia, as they were
evidently a nomad horde who had a settlement of tents and cattle in the
neighborhood of Gerar.
10. Then Asa went out against him, and they set the battle in array . . . at Mareshah--one of the towns which Rehoboam fortified (2Ch 11:8), near a great southern pass in the low country of Judah (Jos 15:44). The engagement between the armies took place in a plain near the town, called "the valley of Zephathah," supposed to be the broad way coming down Beit Jibrin towards Tell Es-Safren [ROBINSON].
11-13. Asa cried unto the Lord his God--Strong in the confidence that the power of God was able to give the victory equally with few as with many, the pious king marched with a comparatively small force to encounter the formidable host of marauders at his southern frontier. Committing his cause to God, he engaged in the conflict--completely routed the enemy, and succeeded in obtaining, as the reward of his victory, a rich booty in treasure and cattle from the tents of this pastoral horde.