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2Ch 24:1-14. JOASH REIGNS WELL ALL THE DAYS OF JEHOIADA.
3. Jehoiada took for him two wives--As Jehoiada was now too old to contract such new alliances, the generality of interpreters apply this statement to the young king.
2Ch 24:15, 16. JEHOIADA BEING DEAD.
15, 16. Jehoiada waxed old . . . and died--His life, protracted to unusual longevity and spent in the service of his country, deserved some tribute of public gratitude, and this was rendered in the posthumous honors that were bestowed on him. Among the Hebrews, intramural interment was prohibited in every city but Jerusalem, and there the exception was made only to the royal family and persons of eminent merit, on whom the distinction was conferred of being buried in the city of David, among the kings, as in the case of Jehoiada.
2Ch 24:17-22. JOASH FALLS INTO IDOLATRY.
17-22. Now came the princes of Judah, and make obeisance to the
king--Hitherto, while Joash occupied the throne, his uncle had held
the reins of sovereign power, and by his excellent counsels had
directed the young king to such measures as were calculated to promote
both the civil and religious interests of the country. The fervent
piety, practical wisdom, and inflexible firmness of that sage
counsellor exerted immense influence over all classes. But now that the
helm of the state-ship was no longer steered by the sound head and firm
hand of the venerable high priest, the real merits of Joash's
administration appear; and for want of good and enlightened principle,
as well as, perhaps, of natural energy of character, he allowed himself
to be borne onward in a course which soon wrecked the vessel upon
18. wrath came upon Judah and Jerusalem--The particular mention of Jerusalem as involved in the sin implies that the neglect of the temple and the consequent idolatry received not only the king's toleration, but his sanction; and it naturally occurs to ask how, at his mature age, such a total abandonment of a place with which all his early recollections were associated can be accounted for. It has been suggested that what he had witnessed of the conduct of many of the priests in the careless performance of the worship, and especially their unwillingness to collect the money, as well as apply a portion of their revenues for the repairs of the temple, had alienated and disgusted him [LE CLERC].
19. Yet he sent prophets--Elisha, Micah, Jehu son of Hanani, Jahaziel son of Zechariah (2Ch 20:14), Eliezer son of Dodavah (2Ch 20:37), lived and taught at that time. But all their prophetic warnings and denunciations were unheeded.
20, 21. the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah the son of
Jehoiada--probably a younger son, for his name does not occur in
the list of Aaron's successors
22. when he died, he said, The Lord look upon it and require it--These dying words, if they implied a vindictive imprecation, exhibit a striking contrast to the spirit of the first Christian martyr (Ac 7:60). But, instead of being the expression of a personal wish, they might be the utterance of a prophetic doom.
2Ch 24:23-27. HE IS SLAIN BY HIS SERVANTS.
23. at the end of the year the host of Syria came up--This invasion took place under the personal conduct of Hazael, whom Joash, to save the miseries of a siege, prevailed on to withdraw his forces by a large present of gold (2Ki 12:18). Most probably, also, he promised the payment of an annual tribute, on the neglect or refusal of which the Syrians returned the following year, and with a mere handful of men inflicted a total and humiliating defeat on the collected force of the Hebrews.
25. they left him in great diseases--The close of his life was
embittered by a painful malady, which long confined him to bed.