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2Ch 33:1-10. MANASSEH'S WICKED REIGN.
1, 2. Manasseh . . . did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord--(See on 2Ki 21:1-16).
2Ch 33:11-19. HE IS CARRIED UNTO BABYLON, WHERE HE HUMBLES HIMSELF BEFORE GOD, AND IS RESTORED TO HIS KINGDOM.
11. the captains of the host of the king of Assyria--This king
was Esar-haddon. After having devoted the first years of his reign to
the consolidation of his government at home, he turned his attention to
repair the loss of the tributary provinces west of the Euphrates,
which, on the disaster and death of Sennacherib, had taken the
opportunity of shaking off the Assyrian yoke. Having overrun Palestine
and removed the remnant that were left in the kingdom of Israel, he
despatched his generals, the chief of whom was Tartan
with a portion of his army for the reduction of Judah also. In a
successful attack upon Jerusalem, they took multitudes of captives, and
got a great prize, including the king himself, among the prisoners.
12, 13. when he was in affliction, he besought the Lord his God--In the solitude of exile or imprisonment, Manasseh had leisure for reflection. The calamities forced upon him a review of his past life, under a conviction that the miseries of his dethronement and captive condition were owing to his awful and unprecedented apostasy (2Ch 33:7) from the God of his fathers. He humbled himself, repented, and prayed for an opportunity of bringing forth the fruits of repentance. His prayer was heard; for his conqueror not only released him, but, after two years' exile, restored him, with honor and the full exercise of royal power, to a tributary and dependent kingdom. Some political motive, doubtless, prompted the Assyrian king to restore Manasseh, and that was most probably to have the kingdom of Judah as a barrier between Egypt and his Assyrian dominions. But God overruled this measure for higher purposes. Manasseh now showed himself, by the influence of sanctified affliction, a new and better man. He made a complete reversal of his former policy, by not only destroying all the idolatrous statues and altars he had formerly erected in Jerusalem, but displaying the most ardent zeal in restoring and encouraging the worship of God.
14. he built a wall without the city . . . on the west side of Gihon . . . even to the entering in at the fish gate--"The well-ascertained position of the fish gate, shows that the valley of Gihon could be no other than that leading northwest of Damascus gate, and gently descending southward, uniting with the Tyropœon at the northeast corner of Mount Zion, where the latter turns at right angles and runs towards Siloam. The wall thus built by Manasseh on the west side of the valley of Gihon, would extend from the vicinity of the northeast corner of the wall of Zion in a northerly direction, until it crossed over the valley to form a junction with the outer wall at the trench of Antonia, precisely in the quarter where the temple would be most easily assailed" [BARCLAY].
17. the people did sacrifice still in the high places, yet unto the Lord their God only--Here it appears that the worship on high places, though it originated in a great measure from the practice of heathenism, and too often led to it, did not necessarily imply idolatry.
2Ch 33:20-25. HE DIES AND AMON SUCCEEDS HIM.
20, 21. Manasseh slept with his fathers . . . Amon began to reign--(See on 2Ki 21:19).