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Eze 11:1-25. PROPHECY OF THE DESTRUCTION OF THE CORRUPT "PRINCES OF THE PEOPLE;" PELATIAH DIES; PROMISE OF GRACE TO THE BELIEVING REMNANT; DEPARTURE OF THE GLORY OF GOD FROM THE CITY; EZEKIEL'S RETURN TO THE CAPTIVES.
1. east gate--to which the glory of God had moved itself
the chief entrance of the sanctuary; the portico or porch of Solomon.
The Spirit moves the prophet thither, to witness, in the presence of
the divine glory, a new scene of destruction.
3. It is not near--namely, the destruction of the city;
therefore "let us build houses," as if there was no fear. But the
Hebrew opposes English Version, which would require the
infinitive absolute. Rather, "Not at hand is the building of houses."
They sneer at Jeremiah's letter to the captives, among whom Ezekiel
"Build ye houses, and dwell in them," that is, do not
fancy, as many persuade you, that your sojourn in Babylon is to be
short; it will be for seventy years
(Jer 25:11, 12; 29:10);
therefore build houses and settle quietly there. The scorners in
Jerusalem reply, Those far off in exile may build if they please, but
it is too remote a concern for us to trouble ourselves about
Eze 12:22, 27;
4. prophesy . . . prophesy--The repetition marks emphatic earnestness.
5. Spirit . . . fell upon me--stronger than "entered into me"
(Eze 2:2; 3:24),
implying the zeal of the Spirit of God roused to immediate indignation
at the contempt of God shown by the scorners.
6. your slain--those on whom you have brought ruin by your wicked counsels. Bloody crimes within the city brought on it a bloody foe from without (Eze 7:23, 24). They had made it a caldron in which to boil the flesh of God's people (Mic 3:1-3), and eat it by unrighteous oppression; therefore God will make it a caldron in a different sense, one not wherein they may be safe in their guilt, but "out of the midst of" which they shall be "brought forth" (Jer 34:4, 5).
7. The city is a caldron to them, but it shall not be so to you. Ye shall meet your doom on the frontier.
9. out of the midst thereof--that is, of the city, as captives led into the open plain for judgment.
11. (See on Eze 11:3).
12. (De 12:30, 31).
13. Pelaliah--probably the ringleader of the scorners
his being stricken dead (like Ananias,
Acts 5. 5)
was an earnest of the destruction of the rest of the twenty-five, as
Ezekiel had foretold, as also of the general ruin.
15. thy brethren . . . brethren--The repetition
implies, "Thy real brethren" are no longer the priests at Jerusalem
with whom thou art connected by the natural ties of blood and
common temple service, but thy fellow exiles on the Chebar, and the
house of Israel whosoever of them belong to the remnant to be spared.
16. Although--anticipating the objection of the priests at Jerusalem,
that the exiles were "cast far off." Though this be so, and they are far
from the outer temple at Jerusalem, I will be their asylum or sanctuary
(Ps 90:1; 91:9;
My shrine is the humble heart: a preparation for gospel catholicity
when the local and material temple should give place to the spiritual
(Isa 57:15; 66:1;
Ac 7:48, 49).
The trying discipline of the exile was to chasten the outcasts so as to
be meet recipients of God's grace, for which the carnal confidence of
the priests disqualified them. The dispersion served the end of
spiritualizing and enlarging the views even of the better Jews, so as
to be able to worship God everywhere without a material temple;
and, at the same time, it diffused some knowledge of God among the
greatest Gentile nations, thus providing materials for the gathering in
of the Christian Church among the Gentiles; so marvellously did God
overrule a present evil for an ultimate good. Still more does all this
hold good in the present much longer dispersion which is preparing for
a more perfect and universal restoration
Their long privation of the temple will prepare them for appreciating
the more, but without Jewish narrowness, the temple that is to be
17. (Eze 28:25; 34:13; 36:24).
18. They have eschewed every vestige of idolatry ever since their return from Babylon. But still the Shekinah glory had departed, the ark was not restored, nor was the second temple strictly inhabited by God until He came who made it more glorious than the first temple (Hag 2:9); even then His stay was short, and ended in His being rejected; so that the full realization of the promise must still be future.
19. I will give them--lest they should claim to themselves the
praise given them in
God declares it is to be the free gift of His Spirit.
20. walk in my statutes--Regeneration shows itself by its fruits
(Ga 5:22, 25).
21. whose heart . . . after . . . heart of
. . . detestable things--The repetition of "heart" is
emphatic, signifying that the heart of those who so obstinately clung
to idols, impelled itself to fresh superstitions in one continuous
tenor [CALVIN]. Perhaps it is implied that they
and their idols are much alike in character
The heart walks astray first, the feet follow.
23. The Shekinah glory now moves from the east gate (Eze 10:4, 19) to the Mount of Olives, altogether abandoning the temple. The mount was chosen as being the height whence the missiles of the foe were about to descend on the city. So it was from it that Jesus ascended to heaven when about to send His judgments on the Jews; and from it He predicted its overthrow before His crucifixion (Mt 24:3). It is also to be the scene of His return in person to deliver His people (Zec 14:4), when He shall come by the same way as He went, "the way of the east" (Eze 43:2).