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Eze 39:1-29. CONTINUATION OF THE PROPHECY AGAINST GOG.
1. Repeated from Eze 38:3, to impress the prophecy more on the mind.
2. leave but the sixth part of thee--Margin, "strike thee with six
plagues" (namely, pestilence, blood, overflowing rain, hailstones, fire,
or, "draw thee back with an hook of six teeth"
the six teeth being those six plagues. Rather, "lead thee about"
[LUDOVICUS DE DIEU and Septuagint]. As Antiochus was led (to his
ruin) to leave Egypt for an expedition against Palestine, so shall the
last great enemy of God be.
3. bow--in which the Scythians were most expert.
4, 5. (Compare
6. carelessly--in self-confident security.
7. not let them pollute my holy name--by their sins bringing down judgments which made the heathen think that I was unable or unwilling to save My people.
8. it is come . . . it is done--The prediction of the salvation of My people, and the ruin of their enemy, is come to pass--is done: expressing that the event foretold is as certain as if it were already accomplished.
9, 10. The burning of the foe's weapons implies that nothing belonging to them should be left to pollute the land. The seven years (seven being the sacred number) spent on this work, implies the completeness of the cleansing, and the people's zeal for purity. How different from the ancient Israelites, who left not merely the arms, but the heathen themselves, to remain among them [FAIRBAIRN], (Jud 1:27, 28; 2:2, 3; Ps 106:34-36). The desolation by Antiochus began in the one hundred and forty-first year of the Seleucidæ. From this date to 148, a period of six years and four months ("2300 days," Da 8:14), when the temple-worship was restored (1 Maccabees 4:52), God vouchsafed many triumphs to His people; from this time to the death of Antiochus, early in 149, a period of seven months, the Jews had rest from Antiochus, and purified their land, and on the twenty-fifth day of the ninth month celebrated the Encænia, or feast of dedication (Joh 10:22) and purification of the temple. The whole period, in round numbers, was seven years. Mattathias was the patriotic Jewish leader, and his third son, Judas, the military commander under whom the Syrian generals were defeated. He retook Jerusalem and purified the temple. Simon and Jonathan, his brothers, succeeded him: the independence of the Jews was secured, and the crown vested in the Asmonean family, in which it continued till Herod the Great.
11. place . . . of graves--Gog found only a grave where he had expected
the spoils of conquest.
13. I . . . glorified--in destroying the foe (Eze 28:22).
14. with the passengers--The men employed continually in the burying
were to be helped by those happening to pass by; all were to combine.
15. First "all the people of the land" engaged in the burying for seven months; then special men were employed, at the end of the seven months, to search for any still left unburied. The passers-by helped them by setting up a mark near any such bones, in order to keep others from being defiled by casually touching them, and that the buriers might come and remove them. Denoting the minute care to put away every relic of heathen pollution from the Holy Land.
16. A city in the neighborhood was to receive the name Hamonah, "multitude," to commemorate the overthrow of the multitudes of the foe [HENDERSON]. The multitude of the slain shall give a name to the city of Jerusalem after the land shall have been cleansed [GROTIUS]. Jerusalem shall be famed as the conqueror of multitudes.
18. rams . . . lambs . . . goats--By these various animal victims
used in sacrifices are meant various ranks of men, princes, generals,
and soldiers (compare
25. bring again the captivity--restore from calamity to prosperity.
26. After that they have borne their shame--the punishment of their sin: after they have become sensible of their guilt, and ashamed of it (Eze 20:43; 36:31).
27. sanctified in them--vindicated as holy in My dealings with them.
29. poured out my Spirit upon . . . Israel--the sure forerunner of their conversion (Joe 2:28; Zec 12:10). The pouring out of His Spirit is a pledge that He will hide His face no more (2Co 1:22; Eph 1:14; Php 1:6).