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Eze 9:1-11. CONTINUATION OF THE PRECEDING VISION: THE SEALING OF THE FAITHFUL.
1. cried--contrasted with their "cry" for mercy
is the "cry" here for vengeance, showing how vain was the former.
2. clothed with linen--
(Da 10:5; 12:6, 7).
His clothing marked his office as distinct from that of the six
officers of vengeance; "linen" characterized the high priest
emblematic of purity. The same garment is assigned to the angel of the
Lord (for whom Michael is but another name) by the contemporary prophet
(Da 10:5; 12:6, 7).
Therefore the intercessory High Priest in heaven must be meant
The six with Him are His subordinates; therefore He is said to be
"among them," literally, "in the midst of them," as their recognized
He appears as a "man," implying His incarnation; as "one" (compare
Salvation is peculiarly assigned to Him, and so He bears the "inkhorn"
in order to "mark" His elect
Re 7:3; 9:4; 13:16, 17; 20:4),
and to write their names in His book of life
As Oriental scribes suspend their inkhorn at their side in the present
day, and as a "scribe of the host is found in Assyrian inscriptions
accompanying the host" to number the heads of the slain, so He stands
ready for the work before Him. "The higher gate" was probably where now
the gate of Damascus is. The six with Him make up the sacred and
perfect number, seven
The executors of judgment on the wicked, in Scripture teaching, are
good, not bad, angels; the bad have permitted to them the trial of the
The judgment is executed by Him
(Eze 10:2, 7;
Joh 5:22, 27)
through the six
(Mt 13:41; 25:31);
beautifully does the Old Testament harmonize with the New Testament. The
seven come "from the way of the north"; for it was there the idolatries
were seen, and from the same quarter must proceed the judgment (Babylon
lying northeast of Judea). So
3. glory of . . . God--which had heretofore, as a bright cloud, rested on the mercy seat between the cherubim in the holy of holies (2Sa 6:2; Ps 80:1); its departure was the presage of the temple being given up to ruin; its going from the inner sanctuary to the threshold without, towards the officers standing at the altar outside, was in order to give them the commission of vengeance.
4. midst of . . . city . . . midst of Jerusalem--This twofold
designation marks more emphatically the scene of the divine judgments.
5. the others--the six officers of judgment (Eze 9:2).
6. come not near any . . . upon whom . . . mark--
It may be objected that Daniel, Jeremiah, and others were carried away,
whereas many of the vilest were left in the land. But God does not
promise believers exemption from all suffering, but only from what will
prove really and lastingly hurtful to them. His sparing the ungodly
turns to their destruction and leaves them without excuse [CALVIN]. However, the prophecy waits a fuller and final
in ages long after Babylon, foretells, as still future, the same
sealing of a remnant (one hundred forty-four thousand) of Israel
previous to the final outpouring of wrath on the rest of the nation;
the correspondence is exact; the same pouring of fire from the altar
follows the marking of the remnant in both (compare
with Eze 10:2).
Zec 13:9; 14:2,
distinguish the remnant from the rest of Israel.
8. I was left--literally, "there was left I." So universal seemed the
slaughter that Ezekiel thought himself the only one left
was the only one left of the priests "in the sanctuary."
9. exceeding--literally, "very, very"; doubled.