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Ge 46:1-4. SACRIFICE AT BEER-SHEBA.
1. Israel took his journey with all that he had--that is, his
household; for in compliance with Pharaoh's recommendation, he left his
heavy furniture behind. In contemplating a step so important as that of
leaving Canaan, which at his time of life he might never revisit, so
pious a patriarch would ask the guidance and counsel of God. With all
his anxiety to see Joseph, he would rather have died in Canaan without
that highest of earthly gratifications than leave it without the
consciousness of carrying the divine blessing along with him.
2. God spake unto Israel--Here is a virtual renewal of the covenant and an assurance of its blessings. Moreover, here is an answer on the chief subject of Jacob's prayer and a removal of any doubt as to the course he was meditating. At first the prospect of paying a personal visit to Joseph had been viewed with unmingled joy. But, on calmer consideration, many difficulties appeared to lie in the way. He may have remembered the prophecy to Abraham that his posterity was to be afflicted in Egypt and also that his father had been expressly told not to go [Ge 15:13; 26:2]; he may have feared the contamination of idolatry to his family and their forgetfulness of the land of promise. These doubts were removed by the answer of the oracle, and an assurance given him of great and increasing prosperity.
3. I will there make of thee a great nation--How truly this promise was fulfilled, appears in the fact that the seventy souls who went down into Egypt increased [Ex 1:5-7], in the space of two hundred fifteen years, to one hundred eighty thousand.
4. I will also surely bring thee up again--As Jacob could not
expect to live till the former promise was realized, he must have seen
that the latter was to be accomplished only to his posterity. To
himself it was literally verified in the removal of his remains to
Canaan; but, in the large and liberal sense of the words, it was made
good only on the establishment of Israel in the land of promise.
Ge 46:5-27. IMMIGRATION TO EGYPT.
5. And Jacob rose up from Beer-sheba--to cross the border and settle in Egypt. However refreshed and invigorated in spirit by the religious services at Beer-sheba, he was now borne down by the infirmities of advanced age; and, therefore, his sons undertook all the trouble and toil of the arrangements, while the enfeebled old patriarch, with the wives and children, was conveyed by slow and leisurely stages in the Egyptian vehicles sent for their accommodation.
7. daughters--As Dinah was his only daughter, this must mean
8-27. all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten--Strictly speaking, there were only sixty-six went to Egypt; but to these add Joseph and his two sons, and Jacob the head of the clan, and the whole number amounts to seventy. In the speech of Stephen (Ac 7:14) the number is stated to be seventy-five; but as that estimate includes five sons of Ephraim and Manasseh (1Ch 7:14-20), born in Egypt, the two accounts coincide.
Ge 46:28-34. ARRIVAL IN EGYPT.
28. he sent Judah before him unto Joseph--This precautionary measure was obviously proper for apprising the king of the entrance of so large a company within his territories; moreover, it was necessary in order to receive instruction from Joseph as to the locale of their future settlement.
29, 30. Joseph made ready his chariot--The difference between
chariot and wagon was not only in the lighter and more elegant
construction of the former, but in the one being drawn by horses and
the other by oxen. Being a public man in Egypt, Joseph was required to
appear everywhere in an equipage suitable to his dignity; and,
therefore, it was not owing either to pride or ostentatious parade that
he drove his carriage, while his father's family were accommodated only
in rude and humble wagons.
31-34. Joseph said, . . . I will go up, and show Pharaoh--It was a tribute of respect due to the king to inform him of their arrival. And the instructions which he gave them were worthy of his character alike as an affectionate brother and a religious man.