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Isa 16:1-14. CONTINUATION OF THE PROPHECY AS TO MOAB.
1. lamb--advice of the prophet to the Moabites who had fled southwards
to Idumea, to send to the king of Judah the tribute of lambs, which they
had formerly paid to Israel, but which they had given up
(2Ki 3:4, 5).
David probably imposed this tribute before the severance of Judah and
Therefore Moab is recommended to gain the favor and protection of
Judah, by paying it to the Jewish king. Type of the need of
submitting to Messiah
2. cast out of . . . nest--rather, "as a brood cast out" (in
apposition with "a wandering bird," or rather, wandering birds),
namely, a brood just fledged and expelled from the nest in which they
were hatched [HORSLEY].
3-5. GESENIUS, MAURER,
&c., regard these verses as an address of the fugitive Moabites to the
Jews for protection; they translate
"Let mine outcasts of Moab dwell with thee, Judah"; the
protection will be refused by the Jews, for the pride of Moab
VITRINGA makes it an additional advice to
Moab, besides paying tribute. Give shelter to the Jewish outcasts
who take refuge in thy land
(Isa 16:3, 4);
so "mercy" will be shown thee in turn by whatever king sits on the
"throne" of "David"
Isaiah foresees that Moab will be too proud to pay the tribute, or
conciliate Judah by sheltering its outcasts
therefore judgment shall be executed. However, as Moab just before is
represented as itself an outcast in Idumea, it seems incongruous
that it should be called on to shelter Jewish outcasts. So that
it seems rather to foretell the ruined state of Moab when its people
should beg the Jews for shelter, but be refused for their pride.
4. Rather, "Let the outcasts of Moab dwell with thee" (Judah)
5. If Judah shelters the suppliant Moab, allowing him to remain in
Idumea, a blessing will redound to Judah itself and its "throne."
6. We--Jews. We reject Moab's supplication for his pride.
7. Therefore--all hope of being allowed shelter by the Jews
being cut off.
9. I--will bewail for its desolation, though I belong to another
nation (see on
10. gladness--such as is felt in gathering a rich harvest. There shall be no harvest or vintage owing to the desolation; therefore no "gladness."
11. bowels--in Scripture the seat of yearning compassion. It means
the inward seat of emotion, the heart, &c.
12. when it is seen that--rather, "When Moab shall have appeared (before his gods; compare Ex 23:15), when he is weary (that is, when he shall have fatigued himself with observing burdensome rites; 1Ki 18:26, &c.), on the high place (compare Isa 15:2), and shall come to his sanctuary (of the idol Chemosh on Mount Nebo) to pray, he shall not prevail"; he shall effect nothing by his prayers [MAURER].
13. since that time--rather, "respecting that time" [HORSLEY]. BARNES translates it, "formerly" in contrast to "but now" (Isa 16:14): heretofore former prophecies (Ex 15:15; Nu 21:29) have been given as to Moab, of which Isaiah has given the substance: but now a definite and steady time also is fixed.
14. three years . . . hireling--Just as a hireling has his fixed term of engagement, which neither he nor his master will allow to be added to or to be taken from, so the limit within which Moab is to fall is unalterably fixed (Isa 21:16). Fulfilled about the time when the Assyrians led Israel into captivity. The ruins of Elealeh, Heshbon, Medeba, Dibon, &c., still exist to confirm the inspiration of Scripture. The accurate particularity of specification of the places three thousand years ago, confirmed by modern research, is a strong testimony to the truth of prophecy.