CONTINUATION OF THE
At the time when Israel shall be delivered, and the ungodly nations
punished, God shall punish also the great enemy of the Church.
1. sore--rather, "hard," "well-tempered."
leviathan--literally, in Arabic, "the twisted animal," applicable
to every great tenant of the waters, sea-serpents, crocodiles, &c. In
Eze 29:3; 32:2;
Da 7:1, &c.
&c., potentates hostile to Israel are similarly described;
antitypically and ultimately Satan is intended
piercing--rigid [LOWTH]. Flying
[MAURER and Septuagint]. Long,
extended, namely, as the crocodile which cannot readily bend back its
dragon--Hebrew, tenin; the crocodile.
sea--the Euphrates, or the expansion of it near Babylon.
2. In that day when leviathan shall be destroyed, the vineyard
the Church of God, purged of its blemishes, shall be lovely in
God's eyes; to bring out this sense the better, LOWTH, by changing a Hebrew letter, reads
"pleasant," "lovely," for "red wine."
sing--a responsive song [LOWTH].
unto her--rather, "concerning her"
namely, the Jewish state [MAURER].
3. lest any hurt it--attack it [MAURER].
"Lest aught be wanting in her" [HORSLEY].
4. Fury is not in me--that is, I entertain no longer anger
towards my vine.
who would set . . . in battle--that is, would that I had the briers,
&c. (the wicked foe;
Isa 9:18; 10:17;
before me! "I would go through," or rather, "against them."
5. Or--Else; the only alternative, if Israel's enemies wish to escape
being "burnt together."
strength--rather, "the refuge which I afford"
[MAURER]. "Take hold,"
refers to the horns of the altar which fugitives often laid hold of
as an asylum
(1Ki 1:50; 2:28).
Jesus is God's "strength," or "refuge" which sinners must repair to and
take hold of, if they are to have "peace" with God
6. He--Jehovah. Here the song of the Lord as to His vineyard
ends; and the prophet confirms the sentiment in the song, under the
same image of a vine (compare
Ho 14:5, 6).
Israel . . . fill . . . world--
7. him . . . those--Israel--Israel's enemies. Has God punished His
people as severely as He has those enemies whom He employed to chastise
Israel? No! Far from it. Israel, after trials, He will restore; Israel's
enemies He will utterly destroy at last.
the slaughter of them that are slain by him--rather, "Is Israel slain according to the slaughter of the enemy slain?" the slaughter
wherewith the enemy is slain [MAURER].
8. In measure--not beyond measure; in moderation
Jer 10:24; 30:11; 46:28).
when it shooteth--image from the vine; rather, passing from the image
to the thing itself, "when sending her away (namely, Israel to exile;
God only putting the adulteress away when He might justly
have put her to death), Thou didst punish her" [GESENIUS].
stayeth--rather, as Margin, "when He removeth it by His rough
wind in the day," &c.
east wind--especially violent in the East
9. By this--exile of Israel (the "sending away,"
all the fruit--This is the whole benefit designed to be brought
about by the chastisement; namely, the removal of his (Israel's) sin
(namely, object of idolatry;
when he--Jehovah; at the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar,
His instrument. The Jews ever since have abhorred idolatry (compare
not stand up--shall rise no more [HORSLEY].
10. city--Jerusalem; the beating asunder of whose altars and images
was mentioned in
it shall be a vast wild pasture.
branches--resuming the image of the vine
11. boughs . . . broken off--so the Jews are called
(Ro 11:17, 19, 20).
set . . . on fire--burn them as fuel; "women" are specified, as
probably it was their office to collect fuel and kindle the fire for
no understanding--as to the ways of God
(De 32:28, 29;
12. Restoration of the Jews from their dispersion, described under
the image of fruits shaken from trees and collected.
beat off--as fruit beaten off a tree with a stick
and then gathered.
stream of Egypt--on the confines of Palestine and Egypt
Jos 15:4, 47),
now Wady-el-Arish, Jehovah's vineyard, Israel, extended
according to His purpose from the Nile to the Euphrates
(1Ki 4:21, 24;
one by one--gathered most carefully, not merely as a nation, but as
13. great trumpet--image from the trumpets blown on the first day of
the seventh month to summon the people to a holy convocation
Antitypically, the gospel trumpet
(Re 11:15; 14:6)
which the Jews shall hearken to in the last days
(Zec 12:10; 13:1).
As the passover in the first month answers to Christ's crucifixion, so
the day of atonement and the idea of "salvation" connected with the
feast of tabernacles in the same seventh month, answer to the
crowning of "redemption" at His second coming; therefore
redemption is put last in
Assyria--whither the ten tribes had been carried; Babylonia is mainly
meant, to which Assyria at that time belonged; the two tribes were
restored, and some of the ten accompanied them. However, "Assyria"
is designedly used to point ultimately to the future restoration of
the ten fully, never yet accomplished
Egypt--whither many had fled at the Babylonish captivity
(Jer 41:17, 18).
Compare as to the future restoration,
Isa 11:11, 12, 16; 51:9-16
("Rahab" being Egypt).