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Isa 50:1-11. THE JUDGMENTS ON ISRAEL WERE PROVOKED BY THEIR CRIMES, YET THEY ARE NOT FINALLY CAST OFF BY GOD.
1. Where . . . mothers divorcement--Zion is "the mother"; the Jews
are the children; and God the Husband and Father
(Isa 54:5; 62:5;
GESENIUS thinks that God means by the question to
deny that He had given "a bill of divorcement" to her, as was
often done on slight pretexts by a husband
or that He had "sold" His and her "children," as a poor parent
under pressure of his "creditors"; that it was they who sold themselves
through their own sins. MAURER explains,
"Show the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom
. . . ; produce the creditors to whom ye have been sold; so
it will be seen that it was not from any caprice of Mine, but through
your own fault, your mother has been put away, and you sold"
HORSLEY best explains (as the antithesis between
"I" and "yourselves" shows, though LOWTH
translates, "Ye are sold") I have never given your mother
a regular bill of divorcement; I have merely "put her away" for a time,
and can, therefore, by right as her husband still take her back on her
submission; I have not made you, the children, over to any "creditor"
to satisfy a debt; I therefore still have the right of a father over
you, and can take you back on repentance, though as rebellious children
you have sold yourselves to sin and its penalty
4. Messiah, as "the servant of Jehovah"
declares that the office has been assigned to Him of encouraging the
"weary" exiles of Israel by "words in season" suited to their case; and
that, whatever suffering it is to cost Himself, He does not shrink from
(Isa 50:5, 6),
for that He knows His cause will triumph at last
(Isa 50:7, 8).
5. opened . . .
that is, hath made me obediently attentive (but MAURER, "hath informed me of my duty"), as a
servant to his master (compare
with Php 2:7;
Isa 42:1; 49:3, 6; 52:13; 53:11;
6. smiters--with scourges and with the open hand
(Mt 27:26; 26:27;
To "pluck the hair" is the highest insult that can be offered an
"I gave" implies the voluntary nature of His sufferings; His example
corresponds to His precept
The believer, by virtue of his oneness with Christ, uses the same
But "justify" in His case, is God's judicial acceptance and
vindication of Him on the ground of His own righteousness
with which compare
in their case, on the ground of His righteousness and
meritorious death imputed to them
9. (Compare "deal," or "proper,"
10. Messiah exhorts the godly after His example
(Isa 49:4, 5; 42:4)
when in circumstances of trial ("darkness,"
to trust in the arm of Jehovah alone.
11. In contrast to the godly
the wicked, in times of darkness, instead of trusting in God, trust in
themselves (kindle a light for themselves to walk by)
The image is continued from
"darkness"; human devices for salvation
(Pr 19:21; 16:9, 25)
are like the spark that goes out in an instant in darkness (compare
Job 18:6; 21:17,
with Ps 18:28).