CALL OF THE
GRACE TO THE
1. every one--After the special privileges of Israel
there follow, as the consequence, the universal invitation to
Ro 11:12, 15).
Ho--calls the most earnest attention.
thirsteth--has a keen sense of need
waters . . . wine and milk--a gradation. Not merely water, which
is needed to maintain life at all, but wine and milk to strengthen,
cheer, and nourish; the spiritual blessings of the Gospel are meant
"Waters," plural, to denote abundance
(Isa 43:20; 44:3).
no money--Yet, in
it is said, "ye spend money." A seeming paradox. Ye are really
spiritual bankrupts: but thinking yourselves to have money, namely, a
devotion of your own making, ye lavish it on that "which is not bread,"
that is, on idols, whether literal or spiritual.
buy . . . without money--another paradox. We are bought, but not
with a price paid by ourselves
1Pe 1:18, 19).
In a different sense we are to "buy" salvation, namely, by parting with
everything which comes between us and Christ who has bought it for us
and by making it our own
(Mt 13:44, 46;
2. not bread--
"Bread of deceit"
Contrast this with the "bread of life"
(Joh 6:32, 35;
(Ec 1:8; 4:8).
hearken . . . and eat--When two imperatives are
joined, the second expresses the consequence of obeying the
command in the first
By hearkening ye shall eat. So in
"buy and eat." By buying, and so making it your own, ye shall eat, that
is, experimentally enjoy it
Compare the invitation
(Pr 9:5, 6;
(Ps 36:8; 63:5).
3. me . . . live--by coming to me ye shall live: for "I am the life"
with you . . . David--God's covenant is with the antitypical David,
and so with us by our identification with Him.
sure--answering to "everlasting," irrevocable, unfailing, to be relied
89:2-4, 28, 29, 34-36;
Jer 33:20, 21;
2Sa 7:15, 16;
mercies of David--the mercies of grace
which I covenanted to give to David, and especially to Messiah, his
antitype. Quoted in
4. him--the mystical David
(Eze 37:24, 25;
Given by God
witness--He bore witness even unto death for God, to His law, claims,
and plan of redeeming love
Revelation is a "testimony"; because it is propounded to be received on
the authority of the Giver, and not merely because it can be proved by
commander--"preceptor" [HORSLEY]; "lawgiver"
to the people--rather, "peoples."
5. thou--Jehovah addresses Messiah.
call . . . run--God must call, before man can, or will, run
Not merely come, but run eagerly.
thou knowest not--now as thy people (so in
nation . . . nations--gradation; from Israel, one nation, the
Gospel spread to many nations, and will do so more fully on Israel's
knew not thee--
Eph 2:11, 12).
because of . . . thy God . . . glorified thee--
(Isa 60:5, 9;
where similar language is directed to Israel, because of the
identification of Israel with Messiah, who is the ideal Israel
6. The condition and limit in the obtaining of the spiritual benefits
(1) Seek the Lord. (2) Seek Him while He is to be found
Joh 7:34; 8:21;
Heb 2:3; 3:13, 15).
call--casting yourselves wholly on His mercy
Stronger than "seek"; so "near" is more positive than "while He may be
(Ro 10:8, 9).
(Ps 34:18; 145:18).
7. unrighteous--Hebrew, "man of iniquity"; true of all men. The
"wicked" sins more openly in "his way"; the "unrighteous" refers to the
more subtle workings of sin in the "thoughts." All are guilty in the
latter respect, thought many fancy themselves safe, because not openly
"wicked in ways"
The parallelism is that of gradation. The progress of the penitent is
to be from negative reformation, "forsaking his way," and a farther
step, "his thoughts," to positive repentance, "returning to the Lord"
(the only true repentance,
and making God his God, along with the other children of God
(the crowning point; appropriation of God to ourselves:
"to our God"). "Return" implies that man originally walked with
God, but has apostatized. Isaiah saith, "our God," the God of
the believing Israelites; those themselves redeemed desire others to
come to their God
abundantly pardon--Literally, "multiply to pardon," still more than
"have mercy"; God's graciousness is felt more and more the longer one
8. For--referring to
You need not doubt His willingness "abundantly to pardon" (compare
for, though "the wicked" man's "ways," and "the
unrighteous man's thoughts," are so aggravated as to seem
unpardonable, God's "thoughts" and "ways" in pardoning are not
regulated by the proportion of the former, as man's would be towards
his fellow man who offended him; compare the "for"
(Ps 57:10; 89:2; 103:11).
"For" is repeated from
But MAURER, after the negation, translates,
10. The hearts of men, once barren of spirituality, shall be made,
by the outpouring of the Spirit under Messiah, to bear fruits of
snow--which covers plants from frost in winter; and, when melted in
spring, waters the earth.
returneth not--void; as in
it returns not in the same shape, or without "accomplishing" the
Rain may to us seem lost when it falls on a desert, but it fulfils some
purpose of God. So the gospel word falling on the hard heart; it
sometimes works a change at last; and even if so, it leaves men without
excuse. The full accomplishment of this verse, and
Isa 55:12, 13,
is, however, to be at the Jews' final restoration and conversion of the
(Isa 11:9-12; 60:1-5, 21).
12. go out--from the various countries in which ye (the Jews) are
scattered, to your own land
led--by Messiah, your "Leader"
Mic 2:12, 13).
mountains . . . trees, &c.--images justly used to express the seeming
sympathy of nature with the joy of God's people. For, when sin is
removed, the natural world shall be delivered from "vanity," and be
renewed, so as to be in unison with the regenerated moral world
13. thorn--emblem of the wicked
fir tree--the godly
Compare as to the change wrought,
brier--emblem of uncultivation
myrtle--Hebrew, Hedes, from which comes Hedassah, the original
name of Esther. Type of the Christian Church; for it is a lowly, though
beautiful, fragrant, and evergreen shrub
(Ps 92:13, 14).
for a name . . . everlasting sign--a perpetual memorial to the glory
(Jer 13:11; 33:9).