FORETELLS BY A
NEBUCHADNEZZAR, AND THE
FATE OF THE
2. Azariah--the author of the project of going into Egypt; a very
different man from the Azariah in Babylon
(Da 1:7; 3:12-18).
proud--Pride is the parent of disobedience and contempt of God.
3. Baruch--He being the younger spake out the revelations which he
received from Jeremiah more vehemently. From this cause, and from their
knowing that he was in favor with the Chaldeans, arose their suspicion
of him. Their perverse fickleness was astonishing. In the forty-second
chapter they acknowledged the trustworthiness of Jeremiah, of which they
had for so long so many proofs; yet here they accuse him of a lie. The
mind of the unregenerate man is full of deceits.
5. remnant . . . returned from all nations--
(Jer 40:11, 12).
6. the king's daughters--Zedekiah's
7. Tahpanhes--(See on
Daphne on the Tanitic branch of the Nile, near Pelusium. They naturally
came to it first, being on the frontier of Egypt, towards
9. stones--to be laid as the foundation beneath Nebuchadnezzar's
brick-kiln--Bricks in that hot country are generally dried in the
sun, not burned. The palace of Pharaoh was being built or repaired at
this time; hence arose the mortar and brick-kiln at the entry. Of the
same materials as that of which Pharaoh's house was built, the
substructure of Nebuchadnezzar's throne should be constructed. By a
visible symbol implying that the throne of the latter shall be raised on
the downfall of the former. Egypt at that time contended with Babylon
for the empire of the East.
10. my servant--God often makes one wicked man or nation a scourge
(Eze 29:18, 19, 20).
royal pavilion--the rich tapestry (literally, "ornament") which hung
round the throne from above.
11. such as are for death to death--that is, the deadly plague.
Some he shall cause to die by the plague arising from insufficient or
bad food; others, by the sword; others he shall lead captive, according
as God shall order it (see on
12. houses of . . . gods--He shall not spare even the temple, such
will be His fury. A reproof to the Jews that they betook themselves to
Egypt, a land whose own safety depended on helpless idols.
burn . . . carry . . . captives--burn the Egyptian idols of wood,
carry to Babylon those of gold and other metals.
array himself with the land, &c.--
has the same metaphor.
as a shepherd, &c.--He shall become master of Egypt as speedily and
easily as a shepherd, about to pass on with his flock to another place,
puts on his garment.
13. images--statues or obelisks.
Beth-shemesh--that is, "the house of the sun," in Hebrew;
called by the Greeks "Heliopolis"; by the Egyptians, "On"
east of the Nile, and a few miles north of Memphis. Ephraim Syrus says,
the statue rose to the height of sixty cubits; the base was ten cubits.
Above there was a miter of a thousand pounds weight. Hieroglyphics are
traced around the only obelisk remaining in the present day, sixty or
seventy feet high. On the fifth year after the overthrow of Jerusalem,
Nebuchadnezzar, leaving the siege of Tyre, undertook his expedition to
Egypt [JOSEPHUS, Antiquities, 10.9,7]. The
Egyptians, according to the Arabs, have a tradition that their land was
devastated by Nebuchadnezzar in consequence of their king having
received the Jews under his protection, and that it lay desolate forty
years. But see on
shall he burn--Here the act is attributed to
Nebuchadnezzar, the instrument, which in
is attributed to God. If even the temples be not spared, much less