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Job 20:1-29. REPLY OF ZOPHAR.
2. Therefore--Rather, the more excited I feel by Job's speech, the more for that very reason shall my reply be supplied by my calm consideration. Literally, "Notwithstanding; my calm thoughts (as in Job 4:13) shall furnish my answer, because of the excitement (haste) within me" [UMBREIT].
3. check of my reproach--that is, the castigation intended as a
reproach (literally, "shame") to me.
5. the hypocrite--literally, "the ungodly" (Ps 37:35, 36).
6. (Isa 14:13; Ob 3, 4).
8. (Ps 73:20).
10. seek to please--"Atone to the poor" (by restoring the property
of which they had been robbed by the father)
[DE WETTE]. Better than
English Version, "The children" are reduced to the humiliating
condition of "seeking the favor of those very poor," whom the father
had oppressed. But UMBREIT translates as Margin.
so Vulgate. GESENIUS has "full of youth";
namely, in the fulness of his youthful strength he shall be laid
in the dust. But "bones" plainly alludes to Job's disease, probably to
Job's own words
UMBREIT translates, "full of his secret
sins," as in
his secret guilt in his time of seeming righteousness, like secret
poison, at last lays him in the dust. The English Version is
best. Zophar alludes to Job's own words
12. be--"taste sweet." Sin's fascination is like poison sweet
to the taste, but at last deadly to the vital organs
Job 9:17, 18).
14. turned--Hebrew denotes a total change into a disagreeable
Re 10:9, 10).
15. He is forced to disgorge his ill-gotten wealth.
16. shall suck--It shall turn out that he has sucked the poison, &c.
17. floods--literally, "stream of floods," plentiful streams flowing with milk, &c. (Job 29:6; Ex 3:17). Honey and butter are more fluid in the East than with us and are poured out from jars. These "rivers" or water brooks are in the sultry East emblems of prosperity.
18. Image from food which is taken away from one before he can
20. UMBREIT translates, "His inward parts
know no rest" from desires.
21. look for--rather, "because his goods," that is, prosperity shall have no endurance.
22. shall be--rather, "he is (feeleth) straitened." The next clause
explains in what respect.
23. Rather, "God shall cast (may God send)
[UMBREIT] upon him the
fury of His wrath to fill his belly!"
25. It is drawn--Rather, "He (God) draweth (the sword,
and (no sooner has He done so, than) it cometh out of (that is, passes
right through) the (sinner's) body"
(De 32:41, 42;
Eze 21:9, 10).
The glittering sword is a happy image for lightning.
26. All darkness--that is, every calamity that befalls the wicked
shall be hid (in store for him) in His (God's) secret places, or treasures
27. All creation is at enmity with him, and proclaims his guilt, which he would fain conceal.
29. appointed--not as a matter of chance, but by the divine "decree" (Margin) and settled principle.