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1. parable--applied in the East to a figurative sententious embodiment
of wisdom in poetic form, a gnome
3. Implying Job's knowledge of the fact that the living soul was breathed into man by God (Ge 2:7). "All the while." But MAURER, "As yet all my breath is in me" (notwithstanding my trials): the reason why I can speak so boldly.
4. (Job 6:28, 30). The "deceit" would be if he were to admit guilt against the witness of his conscience.
5. justify you--approve of your views.
6. Rather, my "heart" (conscience) reproaches "not one of my days," that is, I do not repent of any of my days since I came into existence [MAURER].
7. Let . . . be--Let mine enemy be accounted as wicked, that is, He who opposes my asseveration of innocence must be regarded as actuated by criminal hostility. Not a curse on his enemies.
8. "What hope hath the hypocrite, notwithstanding all his gains,
when?" &c. "Gained" is antithetic to "taketh away."
translation is an unmeaning tautology. "When God cuts off, when He
taketh away his life."
9. (Ps 66:18).
10. Alluding to
11-23. These words are contrary to Job's previous sentiments
Job 21:22-33; 24:22-25).
They therefore seem to be Job's statement, not so much of his own
sentiments, as of what Zophar would have said had he spoken when his
turn came (end of the twenty-sixth chapter). So Job stated the friends'
(Job 21:17-21; 24:18-21).
The objection is, why, if so, does not Job answer Zophar's opinion, as
stated by himself? The fact is, it is probable that Job tacitly, by
giving, in the twenty-eighth chapter, only a general answer, implies,
that in spite of the wicked often dying, as he said, in
prosperity, he does not mean to deny that the wicked are in the
main dealt with according to right, and that God herein vindicates
His moral government even here. Job therefore states Zophar's
argument more strongly than Zophar would have done. But by comparing
with Job 20:29
("portion," "heritage"), it will be seen, it is Zophar's argument,
rather than his own, that Job states. Granting it to be true, implies
Job, you ought not to use it as an argument to criminate me. For
the ways of divine wisdom in afflicting the godly are inscrutable: all
that is sure to man is, the fear of the Lord is wisdom
13. (See on Job 27:11).
15. Those that escape war and famine
shall be buried by the deadly plague--"death"
The plague of the Middle Ages was called "the black death." Buried
by it implies that they would have none else but the death plague
itself (poetically personified) to perform their funeral rites, that
is, would have no one.
(Job 8:14; 4:19).
The transition is natural from "raiment"
to the "house" of the "moth" in it, and of it, when in its larva state.
The moth worm's house is broken whenever the "raiment" is shaken
out, so frail is it.
19. gathered--buried honorably (Ge 25:8; 2Ki 22:20). But UMBREIT, agreeably to Job 27:18, which describes the short continuance of the sinner's prosperity, "He layeth himself rich in his bed, and nothing is robbed from him, he openeth his eyes, and nothing more is there." If English Version be retained, the first clause probably means, rich though he be in dying, he shall not be honored with a funeral; the second, When he opens his eyes in the unseen world, it is only to see his destruction: the Septuagint reads for "not gathered," He does not proceed, that is, goes to his bed no more. So MAURER.
21. (Job 21:18; 15:2; Ps 58:9).
22. cast--namely, thunderbolts (Job 6:4; 7:20; 16:13; Ps 7:12, 13).