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Joh 2:1-12. FIRST MIRACLE, WATER MADE WINE--BRIEF VISIT TO CAPERNAUM.
4, 5. Woman--no term of disrespect in the language of that day
11. manifested forth his glory--Nothing in the least like this is said of the miracles of prophet or apostle, nor could without manifest blasphemy be said of any mere creature. Observe, (1) At a marriage Christ made His first public appearance in any company, and at a marriage He wrought His first miracle--the noblest sanction that could be given to that God-given institution. (2) As the miracle did not make bad good, but good better, so Christianity only redeems, sanctifies, and ennobles the beneficent but abused institution of marriage; and Christ's whole work only turns the water of earth into the wine of heaven. Thus "this beginning of miracles" exhibited the character and "manifested forth the glory" of His entire Mission. (3) As Christ countenanced our seasons of festivity, so also that greater fulness which befits such; so far was He from encouraging that asceticism which has since been so often put for all religion. (4) The character and authority ascribed by Romanists to the Virgin is directly in the teeth of this and other scriptures.
Joh 2:13-25. CHRIST'S FIRST PASSOVER--FIRST CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE.
14-17. in the temple--not the temple itself, as
but the temple-court.
15. small cords--likely some of the rushes spread for bedding, and
when twisted used to tie up the cattle there collected. "Not by this
slender whip but by divine majesty was the ejection accomplished, the
whip being but a sign of the scourge of divine anger" [GROTIUS].
16. my Father's house--How close the resemblance of these remarkable
the same consciousness of intrinsic relation to the temple--as
the seat of His Father's most august worship, and so the symbol of all
that is due to Him on earth--dictating both speeches. Only, when but a
youth, with no authority, He was simply "a SON
IN His own house"; now He was "a SON OVER
His own house"
the proper Representative, and in flesh "the Heir," of his Father's
18-22. What sign showest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?--Though the act and the words of Christ, taken together, were sign enough, they were unconvinced: yet they were awed, and though at His very next appearance at Jerusalem they "sought to kill Him" for speaking of "His Father" just as He did now (Joh 5:18), they, at this early stage, only ask a sign.
19. Destroy this temple, &c.--(See on Mr 14:58, 59).
20. Forty and six years--From the eighteenth year of Herod till then was just forty-six years [JOSEPHUS, Antiquities, 15.11.1].
21. temple of his body--in which was enshrined the glory of the eternal Word. (See on Joh 1:14). By its resurrection the true Temple of God upon earth was reared up, of which the stone one was but a shadow; so that the allusion is not quite exclusively to Himself, but takes in that Temple of which He is the foundation, and all believers are the "lively stones." (1Pe 2:4, 5).
22. believed the scripture--on this subject; that is, what was meant, which was hid from them till then. Mark (1) The act by which Christ signalized His first public appearance in the Temple. Taking "His fan in His hand, He purges His floor," not thoroughly indeed, but enough to foreshadow His last act towards that faithless people--to sweep them out of God's house. (2) The sign of His authority to do this is the announcement, at this first outset of His ministry, of that coming death by their hands, and resurrection by His own, which were to pave the way for their judicial ejection.
23-25. in the feast day--the foregoing things occurring probably before
the feast began.
24. did not commit--"entrust," or let Himself down familiarly to them, as to His genuine disciples.
25. knew what was in man--It is impossible for language more clearly to assert of Christ what in Jer 17:9, 10, and elsewhere, is denied of all mere creatures.