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Jon 2:1-10. JONAH'S PRAYER OF FAITH AND DELIVERANCE.
1. his God--"his" still, though Jonah had fled from Him. Faith
enables Jonah now to feel this; just as the returning prodigal says of
the Father, from whom he had wandered, "I will arise and go to
2. His prayer is partly descriptive and precatory, partly
eucharistical. Jonah incorporates with his own language inspired
utterances familiar to the Church long before in
in Jon 2:4,
in Jon 2:7,
Ps 142:3; 18:6;
Ps 116:17, 18, and 3:8.
Jonah, an inspired man, thus attests both the antiquity and inspiration
of the Psalms. It marks the spirit of faith, that Jonah identifies
himself with the saints of old, appropriating their experiences as
recorded in the Word of God
Affliction opens up the mine of Scripture, before seen only on the
3. thou hadst cast . . . thy billows . . . thy waves--Jonah recognizes the source whence his sufferings came. It was no mere chance, but the hand of God which sent them. Compare Job's similar recognition of God's hand in calamities, Job 1:21; 2:10; and David's, 2Sa 16:5-11.
4. cast out from thy sight--that is, from Thy favorable regard. A
just retribution on one who had fled "from the presence of the Lord"
Now that he has got his desire, he feels it to be his bitterest sorrow
to be deprived of God's presence, which once he regarded as a burden,
and from which he desired to escape. He had turned his back on God; so
God turned His back on him, making his sin his punishment.
6. bottoms of . . . mountains--their extremities where they
terminate in the hidden depths of the sea. Compare
"the foundations of the hills"
7. soul fainted . . . I remembered the Lord--beautifully exemplifying
the triumph of spirit over flesh, of faith over sense
(Ps 73:26; 42:6).
For a time troubles shut out hope; but faith revived when Jonah
"remembered the Lord," what a gracious God He is, and how now He still
preserves his life and consciousness in his dark prison-house.
8. observe lying vanities--regard or reverence idols, powerless to
9. I will sacrifice . . . thanksgiving--In the believing anticipation of sure deliverance, he offers thanksgivings already. So Jehoshaphat (2Ch 20:21) appointed singers to praise the Lord in front of the army before the battle with Moab and Ammon, as if the victory was already gained. God honors such confidence in Him. There is also herein a mark of sanctified affliction, that he vows amendment and thankful obedience (Ps 119:67).