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Lu 12:1-12. WARNING AGAINST HYPOCRISY.
1-3. meantime--in close connection, probably, with the foregoing scene.
Our Lord had been speaking out more plainly than ever before, as
matters were coming to a head between Him and His enemies, and this
seems to have suggested to His own mind the warning here. He had just
Himself illustriously exemplified His own precepts.
4, 5. I say, &c.--You will say, That may cost us our life. Be it so; but, "My friends, there their power ends." He calls them "my friends" here, not in any loose sense, but, as we think, from the feeling He then had that in this "killing of the body" He and they were going to be affectingly one with each other.
5. Fear Him . . . Fear Him--how striking the repetition here!
Only the one fear would effectually expel the other.
6, 7. five . . . for two farthings--In
it is "two for one farthing"; so if one took two farthings' worth, he
got one in addition--of such small value were they.
8, 9. confess . . . deny--The point lies in doing it "before men," because one has to do it "despising the shame." But when done, the Lord holds Himself bound to repay it in kind by confessing such "before the angels of God." For the rest, see on Lu 9:26.
10. Son of man . . . Holy Ghost--(See on Mt 12:31, 32).
Lu 12:13-53. COVETOUSNESS--WATCHFULNESS--SUPERIORITY TO EARTHLY TIES.
13. Master, &c.--that is, "Great Preacher of righteousness, help; there is need of Thee in this rapacious world; here am I the victim of injustice, and that from my own brother, who withholds from me my rightful share of the inheritance that has fallen to us." In this most inopportune intrusion upon the solemnities of our Lord's teaching, there is a mixture of the absurd and the irreverent, the one, however, occasioning the other. The man had not the least idea that his case was not of as urgent a nature, and as worthy the attention of our Lord, as anything else He could deal with.
14. Man, &c.--Contrast this style of address with "my friends,"
15. unto them--the multitude around Him
16-19. a certain rich man, &c.--Why is this man called a "fool?" (Lu 12:20) (1) Because he deemed a life of secure and abundant earthly enjoyment the summit of human felicity. (2) Because, possessing the means of this, through prosperity in his calling, he flattered himself that he had a long lease of such enjoyment, and nothing to do but give himself up to it. Nothing else is laid to his charge.
20, 21. this night, &c.--This sudden cutting short of his career is
designed to express not only the folly of building securely upon the
future, but of throwing one's whole soul into what may at any moment be
gone. "Thy soul shall be required of thee" is put in opposition to
his own treatment of it, "I will say to my soul, Soul," &c.
21. So is he, &c.--Such is a picture of his folly here,
and of its awful issue.
22-31. (See on Mt 6:25-33).
25, 26. which of you, &c.--Corroding solicitude will not bring you the least of the things ye fret about, though it may double the evil of wanting them. And if not the least, why vex yourselves about things of more consequence?
29. of doubtful, &c.--unsettled mind; put off your balance.
32. little flock, &c.--How sublime and touching a contrast between this tender and pitying appellation, "Little flock" (in the original a double diminutive, which in German can be expressed, but not in English)--and the "good pleasure" of the Father to give them the Kingdom; the one recalling the insignificance and helplessness of that then literal handful of disciples, the other holding up to their view the eternal love that encircled them, the everlasting arms that were underneath them, and the high inheritance awaiting them!--"the kingdom"; grand word; then why not "bread" (Lu 12:31 [BENGEL]). Well might He say, "Fear not!"
36. return from the wedding--not come to it, as in the parable of the virgins. Both have their spiritual significance; but preparedness for Christ's coming is the prominent idea.
38. second . . . third watch--To find them ready to receive Him at any hour of day or night, when one might least of all expect Him, is peculiarly blessed. A servant may be truly faithful, even though taken so far unawares that he has not everything in such order and readiness for his master's return as he thinks is due to him, and both could and would have had if he had had notice of the time of his coming, and so may not be willing to open to him "immediately," but fly to preparation, and let his master knock again ere he admit him, and even then not with full joy. A too common case this with Christians. But if the servant have himself and all under his charge in such a state that at any hour when his master knocks, he can open to him "immediately," and hail his "return"--that is the most enviable, "blessed" servant of all.
41-48. unto us or even to all?--us the Twelve, or all this vast audience?
42. Who then, &c.--answering the question indirectly by another
question, from which they were left to gather what it would be:--To you
certainly in the first instance, representing the "stewards" of the
"household" I am about to collect, but generally to all "servants" in My
45. begin to beat, &c.--In the confidence that his Lord's return will not be speedy, he throws off the role of servant and plays the master, maltreating those faithful servants who refuse to join him, seizing on and revelling in the fulness of his master's board; intending, when he has got his fill, to resume the mask of fidelity ere his master appear.
46. cut him in sunder--a punishment not unknown in the East; compare
48. knew not--that is knew but partially; for some knowledge
is presupposed both in the name "servant" of Christ, and his being
liable to punishment at all.
49-53. to send--cast.
50. But . . . a baptism, &c.--clearly, His own bloody baptism, first
to take place.
51. peace . . . ? Nay, &c.--the reverse of peace, in the first instance. (See on Mt 10:34-36.) The connection of all this with the foregoing warnings about hypocrisy, covetousness, and watchfulness, is deeply solemn: "My conflict hasten apace; Mine over, yours begins; and then, let the servants tread in their Master's steps, uttering their testimony entire and fearless, neither loving nor dreading the world, anticipating awful wrenches of the dearest ties in life, but looking forward, as I do, to the completion of their testimony, when, reaching the haven after the tempest, they shall enter into the joy of their Lord."
Lu 12:54-59. NOT DISCERNING THE SIGNS OF THE TIME.
56. how . . . not discern, &c.--unable to perceive what a critical period that was for the Jewish Church.
57. why even of yourselves, &c.--They might say, To do this requires more knowledge of Scripture and providence than we possess; but He sends them to their own conscience, as enough to show them who He was, and win them to immediate discipleship.