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Lu 20:1-19. THE AUTHORITY OF JESUS QUESTIONED, AND HIS REPLY--PARABLE OF THE WICKED HUSBANDMEN.
(See on Mt 21:23.)
2. these things--particularly the clearing of the temple.
5. Why then believed ye him not?--that is, in his testimony to Jesus, the sum of his whole witness.
9-13. vineyard--(See on
additional points are given, taken literally from
to fix down the application and sustain it by Old Testament authority.
13. my beloved son--Mark
still more affectingly, "Having yet therefore one son, his
well-beloved"; our Lord thus severing Himself from all merely
human messengers, and claiming Sonship in its loftiest
14. reasoned among themselves--(Compare
15. cast him out of the vineyard--(Compare Heb 13:11-13; 1Ki 21:13; Joh 19:17).
16. He shall come, &c.--This answer was given by the Pharisees
thus pronouncing their own righteous doom. Matthew alone
gives the naked application, that "the kingdom of God should be taken
from them, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits
thereof"--the great evangelical community of the faithful, chiefly
17-19. written--(in Ps 118:22, 23. See on Lu 19:38). The Kingdom of God is here a Temple, in the erection of which a certain stone, rejected as unsuitable by the spiritual builders, is, by the great Lord of the House, made the keystone of the whole. On that Stone the builders were now "falling" and being "broken" (Isa 8:15), "sustaining great spiritual hurt; but soon that Stone should fall upon them and grind them to powder" (Da 2:34, 35; Zec 12:3) --in their corporate capacity in the tremendous destruction of Jerusalem, but personally, as unbelievers, in a more awful sense still.
19. the same hour--hardly able to restrain their rage.
Lu 20:20-40. ENTANGLING QUESTIONS ABOUT TRIBUTE AND THE RESURRECTION--THE REPLIES.
21. we know, &c.--hoping by flattery to throw Him off His guard.
22. tribute--(See on Mt 17:24).
25. things which be Cæsar's--Putting it in this general form, it
was impossible for sedition itself to dispute it, and yet it dissolved
34. said unto them--In Mt 22:29, the reply begins with this important statement:--"Ye do err, not knowing the Scriptures," regarding the future state, "nor the power of God," before which a thousand such difficulties vanish (also Mr 12:24).
36. neither . . . die any more--Marriage is ordained
to perpetuate the human family; but as there will be no breaches by
death in the future state, this ordinance will cease.
37, 38. even Moses--whom they had just quoted to entangle Him.
38. not . . . of the dead, . . . for all, &c.--To God, no human being is dead, or ever will be; but all sustain an abiding conscious relation to Him. But the "all" here meant "those who shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world." These sustain a gracious covenant relation to God, which cannot be dissolved. In this sense our Lord affirms that for Moses to call the Lord the "God" of His patriarchal servants if at that moment they had no existence, would be unworthy of Him. He "would be ashamed to be called their God, if He had not prepared for them a city" (Heb 11:16). How precious are these glimpses of the resurrection state!
Lu 20:41-47. CHRIST BAFFLES THE PHARISEES BY A QUESTION ABOUT DAVID AND MESSIAH, AND DENOUNCES THE SCRIBES.
41. said, &c.--"What think ye of Christ [the promised and expected Messiah]? Whose son is He [to be]? They say unto Him, The son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit [by the Holy Ghost, Mr 12:36] call Him Lord?" (Mt 22:42, 43). The difficulty can only be solved by the higher and lower--the divine and human natures of our Lord (Mt 1:23). Mark the testimony here given to the inspiration of the Old Testament (compare Lu 24:44).
47. devour, &c.--taking advantage of their helpless condition and confiding character, to obtain possession of their property, while by their "long prayers" they made them believe they were raised far above "filthy lucre." So much "the greater damnation" awaits them. What a lifelike description of the Romish clergy, the true successors of "the scribes!"