1. Every wise, &c.--literally, "The wisdoms" (compare
"of women," plural, a distributive form of speech.
buildeth . . . house--increases wealth, which the foolish, by
2. uprightness--is the fruit of fearing God, as falsehood and
(Pr 2:15; 3:32)
of despising Him and His law.
3. rod of pride--that is, the punishment of pride, which they evince
by their words. The words of the wise procure good to them.
4. crib is clean--empty; so "cleanness of teeth" denotes want of food
Men get the proper fruit of their doings
5. A faithful witness, &c.--one tested to be such.
utter lies--or, "breathe out lies"--that is, habitually lies
Or the sense is, that habitual truthfulness, or lying, will be evinced
6. An humble, teachable spirit succeeds in seeking
Jas 1:5, 6).
7. Avoid the society of those who cannot teach you.
8. Appearances deceive the thoughtless, but the prudent discriminate.
9. Fools make a mock at sin--or, "Sin deludes fools."
righteous . . . favour--that is, of God, instead of the punishment of
10. Each one best knows his own sorrows or joys.
The contrast of the whole is enhanced by that of house and
tabernacle, a permanent and a temporary dwelling.
12. end thereof--or, "reward," what results (compare
ways of death--leading to it.
13. The preceding sentiment illustrated by the disappointments of a
wicked or untimely joy.
14. filled . . . ways--receive retribution
a good man . . . himself--literally, "is away from such," will not
associate with him.
15. The simple . . . word--He is credulous, not from love, but
Pr 3:7; 28:14).
rageth--acts proudly and conceitedly.
17. He . . . angry--literally, "short of anger" (compare
man . . . hated--that is, the deliberate evildoer is more hated than
18. inherit--as a portion (compare
are crowned--literally, "are surrounded with it," abound in it.
19. Describes the humbling of the wicked by the punishment their sins
20. This sad but true picture of human nature is not given approvingly,
but only as a fact.
21. For such contempt of the poor is contrasted as sinful with the
virtuous compassion of the good.
22. As usual, the interrogative negative strengthens the affirmative.
mercy and truth--that is, God's
(Ps 57:3; 61:7).
23. labour--painful diligence.
talk . . . penury--idle and vain promises and plans.
foolishness . . . folly--Folly remains, or produces folly; it has no
25. Life often depends on truth-telling.
a deceitful . . . lies--He that breathes out lies is deceit, not to be
26. The blessings of piety descend to children
(Pr 13:22; 20:7;
fear of the Lord--or, "law of the wise," is wisdom
28. The teaching of a true political economy.
29. slow . . . understanding--(Compare
exalteth folly--makes it conspicuous, as if delighting to honor it.
30. A sound heart--both literally and figuratively, a source of health;
in the latter sense, opposed to the known effect of evil passions on
31. reproacheth his Maker--who is the God of such, as well as of the
32. driven--thrust out violently (compare
Ps 35:5, 6).
(Pr 10:2; 11:4;
implying assurance of help.
33. resteth--preserved in quietness for use, while fools blazon their
(Pr 12:23; 13:16).
34. Righteousness--just principles and actions.
exalteth--raises to honor.
is a reproach--brings on them the ill-will of others (compare
35. wise--discreet or prudent.
(Pr 10:5; 12:4)