The Psalmist celebrates the blessedness of those who compassionate the
poor, conduct strongly contrasted with the spite of his enemies and
neglect of his friends in his calamity. He prays for God's mercy in
view of his ill desert, and, in confidence of relief, and that God will
vindicate his cause, he closes with a doxology.
1-3. God rewards kindness to the poor
Ps 41:2, 11
it may be inferred that the Psalmist describes his own conduct.
poor--in person, position, and possessions.
2. shall be blessed--literally, "led aright," or "safely," prospered
upon the earth--or land of promise
(Ps 25:13; 27:3-9,
3. The figures of
are drawn from the acts of a kind nurse.
4. I said--I asked the mercy I show.
heal my soul--(Compare
"Sin and suffering are united," is one of the great teachings of the
5, 6. A graphic picture of the conduct of a malignant enemy.
6. to see me--as if to spy out my case.
he speaketh . . . itself--or, "he speaketh vanity as to his
heart"--that is, does not speak candidly, "he gathereth iniquity to
him," collects elements for mischief, and then divulges the gains of
7, 8. So of others, all act alike.
8. An evil disease--literally, "a word of Belial," some slander.
cleaveth--literally, "poured on him."
that he lieth--who has now laid down, "he is utterly undone and
our victory is sure."
9. mine . . . friend--literally, "the man of my peace."
eat . . . bread--who depended on me or was well treated by me.
hath lifted up heel--in scornful violence. As David and his fortunes
typified Christ and His
so these words expressed the treatment he received, and also that of
his Son and Lord; hence, though not distinctly prophetical, our Saviour
applies them to Judas, "that the Scripture may be fulfilled." This last
phrase has a wide use in the New Testament, and is not restricted to
denote special prophecies.
10. A lawful punishment of criminals is not revenge, nor inconsistent
with their final good (compare
Ps 40:14, 15).
11-13. favourest--or tenderly lovest me
evinced by relief from his enemies, and, farther, God recognizes his
innocence by upholding him.
12. settest . . . before thy face--under thy watch and care, as God
before man's face
is an object of trust and love.
13. Blessed--praised, usually applied to God. The word usually applied
to men denotes happiness
(Ps 1:1; 32:1).
With this doxology the first book closes.