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Ps 55:1-23. In great terror on account of enemies, and grieved by the treachery of a friend, the Psalmist offers an earnest prayer for relief. He mingles confident assurances of divine favor to himself with invocations and predictions of God's avenging judgments on the wicked. The tone suits David's experience, both in the times of Saul and Absalom, though perhaps neither was exclusively before his mind.
1. hide not thyself, &c.--(compare Ps 13:1; 27:9), withhold not help.
2. The terms of the last clause express full indulgence of grief.
3. oppression--literally, "persecution."
4, 5. express great alarm.
5. come upon--or literally, "into."
6. be at rest--literally, "dwell," that is, permanently.
7, 8. Even a wilderness is a safer place than exposure to such evils, terrible as storm and tempest.
10, 11. which is described in detail (compare Ps 7:14-16).
12-14. This description of treachery does not deny, but aggravates, the injury from enemies.
13. guide--literally, "friend"
(Pr 16:28; 17:9).
14. in company--literally, "with a crowd," in a festal procession.
15. Let death, &c.--or, "Desolations are on them."
16-18. God answers his constant and repeated prayers.
18. many with me--that is, by the context, fighting with me.
22. thy burden--literally, "gift," what is assigned you.
23. bloody . . . days--(compare Ps 5:6; 51:14), deceit and murderous dispositions often united. The threat is directed specially (not as a general truth) against the wicked, then in the writer's view.