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Ps 60:1-12. Shushan-eduth--Lily of testimony. The lily is an emblem of beauty (see on Ps 45:1, title). As a description of the Psalm, those terms combined may denote a beautiful poem, witnessing--that is, for God's faithfulness as evinced in the victories referred to in the history cited. Aram-naharaim--Syria of the two rivers, or Mesopotamia beyond the river (Euphrates) (2Sa 10:16). Aram-zobah--Syria of Zobah (2Sa 10:6), to whose king the king of the former was tributary. The war with Edom, by Joab and Abishai (2Ch 18:12, 25), occurred about the same time. Probably, while doubts and fears alternately prevailed respecting the issue of these wars, the writer composed this Psalm, in which he depicts, in the language of God's people, their sorrows under former disasters, offers prayer in present straits, and rejoices in confident hope of triumph by God's aid.
1-3. allude to disasters.
5. hear me--or, "hear us."
6-10. God hath spoken in--or, "by."
7. Gilead . . . and Manasseh--as large districts, east and west of
Jordan, represent the whole land.
8. Moab--is a my washpot--the most ordinary vessel.
10. Wilt not thou?--or, "Is it not Thou?"
11, 12. Hence he closes with a prayer for success, and an assurance of a hearing.