The historical occasion referred to by the title was probably during
Absalom's rebellion (compare
2Sa 15:23, 28; 16:2).
David expresses an earnest desire for God's favor, and a confident
expectation of realizing it in his deliverance and the ruin of his
1. early . . . seek thee--earnestly
The figurative terms--
dry and thirsty--literally, "weary," denoting moral destitution,
suited his outward circumstances.
soul--and--flesh--the whole man
(Ps 16:9, 10).
2. The special object of desire was God's perfections as displayed
in his worship
3. Experiencing God's mercy, which exceeds all the blessings of life,
his lips will be opened for his praise
4. Thus--literally, "Truly."
will I bless--praise Thee
lift up my hands--in worship (compare
in thy name--in praise of Thy perfections.
5-8. Full spiritual blessings satisfy his desires, and acts of
praise fill his thoughts and time.
6. night--as well as day. Past favors assure him of future, and
hence he presses earnestly near to God, whose power sustains him
(Ps 17:8; 60:5).
9, 10. those . . . to destroy it--or literally, "to ruin," or, "for
ruin"; that is, such as seek to injure me (are) for ruin, appointed
to it (compare
shall go . . . earth--into the grave, or, to death; as their bodies
are represented as a portion for--
10. foxes--literally, "jackals."
11. the king--that is, David himself, and all who reverence God,
"shall share a glorious part," while treacherous foes shall be for ever