The writer celebrates the Lord's dominion over nations and nature,
describes its effect on foes and friends, and exhorts and encourages the
1, 2. This dominion is a cause of joy, because, even though our
minds are oppressed with terror before the throne of the King of kings
we know it is based on righteous principles and judgments which are
according to truth.
3-5. The attending illustrations of God's awful justice on enemies
are seen in the disclosures of His almighty power on the elements of
Ps 46:2; 77:17;
6. heavens--or, their inhabitants
as opposed to "nations" in the latter clause (compare
Isa 40:5; 66:18).
7. Idolaters are utterly put to shame, for if angels must worship Him,
how much more those who worshipped them.
all ye gods--literally, "all ye angels"
(Ps 8:5; 138:1;
Heb 1:6; 2:7).
Paul quotes, not as a prophecy, but as language used in regard to the
Lord Jehovah, who in the Old Testament theophania is the second
person of the Godhead.
8, 9. The exaltation of Zion's king is joy to the righteous and sorrow
to the wicked.
daughters of Judah--(Compare
9. above all gods--
10-12. Let gratitude for the blessings of providence and grace incite
to holy living. Spiritual blessings are in store, represented by light
11. sown--to spring forth abundantly for such, who alone can and well
may rejoice in the holy government of their sovereign Lord (compare
Ps 30:4; 32:11).