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1. He had been a brother already. Why, then, this prayer here?
It refers to the time after His resurrection, when the previous
outward intimacy with Him was no longer allowed, but it was
implied it should be renewed at the second coming
For this the Church here prays; meanwhile she enjoys inward
spiritual communion with Him. The last who ever "kissed" Jesus Christ
on earth was the traitor Judas. The bride's return with the King to her
mother's house answers to
after the mission to Samaria. The rest spoken of
2. Her desire to bring Him into her home circle
3, 4. The "left and right hand," &c., occurred only once actually (So 2:6), and here optatively. Only at His first manifestation did the Church palpably embrace Him; at His second coming there shall be again sensible communion with Him. The rest in So 8:4, which is a spiritual realization of the wish in So 8:3 (1Pe 1:8), and the charge not to disturb it, close the first, second, and fourth canticles; not the third, as the bridegroom there takes charge Himself; nor the fifth, as, if repose formed its close, we might mistake the present state for our rest. The broken, longing close, like that of the whole Bible (Re 22:20), reminds us we are to be waiting for a Saviour to come. On "daughters of Jerusalem," see on So 7:10.
CANTICLE V.-- (So 8:5-14) --FROM THE CALL OF THE GENTILES TO THE CLOSE OF REVELATION.
5. Who is this--Words of the daughters of Jerusalem, that is, the
churches of Judea; referring to Paul, on his return from Arabia ("the
wilderness"), whither he had gone after conversion
6. Implying approaching absence of the Bridegroom.
7. waters--in contrast with the "coals of fire"
cannot quench love
Re 12:15, 16).
Our many provocations have not quenched His love
8. The Gentile Church
"We," that is, the Hebrew Church, which heretofore admitted Gentiles to
communion, only by becoming Judaic proselytes. Now first
idolatrous Gentiles are admitted directly
Generally, the saint's anxiety for other souls
Joh 4:28, 29).
9. wall . . . door--the very terms employed as to the Gentile question (Ac 14:27; Eph 2:14). If she be a wall in Zion, founded on Jesus Christ (1Co 3:11), we will not "withstand God" (Ac 11:17; 15:8-11). But if so, we must not "build" (Ac 15:14-17) on her "wood, hay, stubble" (1Co 3:12), that is, Jewish rites, &c., but "a palace of silver," that is, all the highest privileges of church communion (Ga 2:11-18; Eph 2:11-22). Image from the splendid turrets "built" on the "walls" of Jerusalem, and flanking the "door," or gateway. The Gentile Church is the "door," the type of catholic accessibleness (1Co 16:9); but it must be not a mere thoroughfare but furnished with a wooden framework, so as not merely to admit, but also to safely enclose: cedar is fragrant, beautiful, and enduring.
10. The Gentile Church's joy at its free admission to gospel
(Ac 15:30, 31).
She is one wall in the spiritual temple of the Holy Ghost, the Hebrew
Church is the other; Jesus Christ, the common foundation, joins them
11. The joint Church speaks of Jesus Christ's vineyard. Transference
of it from the Jews, who rendered not the fruits, as is implied by the
silence respecting any, to the Gentiles
12. "mine" by grant of the true Solomon. Not merely "let out to keepers," as in the Jewish dispensation of works, but "mine" by grace. This is "before me," that is, in my power [MAURER]. But though no longer under constraint of "keeping" the law as a mere letter and covenant of works, love to Jesus Christ will constrain her the more freely to render all to Solomon (Ro 8:2-4; 1Co 6:20; Ga 5:13; 1Pe 2:16), after having paid what justice and His will require should be paid to others (1Co 7:29-31; 9:14). "Before me" may also mean "I will never lose sight of it" (contrast So 1:6) [MOODY STUART]. She will not keep it for herself, though so freely given to her, but for His use and glory (Lu 19:13; Ro 6:15; 14:7-9; 1Co 12:7). Or the "two hundred" may mean a double tithe (two-tenths of the whole paid back by Jesus Christ) as the reward of grace for our surrender of all (the thousand) to Him (Ga 6:7; Heb 6:10); then she and "those that keep" are the same [ADELAIDE NEWTON]. But Jesus Christ pays back not merely two tithes, but His all for our all (1Co 3:21-23).
13. Jesus Christ's address to her; now no longer visibly present. Once she "had not kept" her vineyard (So 1:6); now she "dwells" in it, not as its owner, but its superintendent under Jesus Christ, with vinedressers ("companions"), for example, Paul, &c. (Ac 15:25, 26), under her (So 8:11, 12); these ought to obey her when she obeys Jesus Christ. Her voice in prayer and praise is to be heard continually by Jesus Christ, if her voice before men is to be effective (So 2:14, end; Ac 6:4; 13:2, 3).
14. (See on So 2:17). As she began with longing for His first coming (So 1:2), so she ends with praying for His second coming (Ps 130:6; Php 3:20, 21; Re 22:20). MOODY STUART makes the roe upon spices to be the musk deer. As there are four gardens, so four mountains, which form not mere images, as Gilead, Carmel, &c., but part of the structure of the Song: (1) Bether, or division (So 2:17), God's justice dividing us from God. (2) Those "of leopards" (So 4:8), sin, the world, and Satan. (3) That "of myrrh and aloes" (So 4:6, 14), the sepulchre of GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - D. J-F-B INDEX & SEARCH