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Zec 2:1-13. THIRD VISION. The man with the measuring-line.
The city shall be fully restored and enlarged (Zec 2:2-5). Recall of the exiles (Zec 2:6, 7). Jehovah will protect His people and make their foes a spoil unto them (Zec 2:8, 9). The nations shall be converted to Jehovah, as the result of His dwelling manifestly amidst His people (Zec 2:10-13).
1. man with a measuring-line--the same image to represent the same future fact as in Eze 40:3; 47:4. The "man" is Messiah (see on Zec 1:8), who, by measuring Jerusalem, is denoted as the Author of its coming restoration. Thus the Jews are encouraged in Zechariah's time to proceed with the building. Still more so shall they be hereby encouraged in the future restoration.
2. To measure Jerusalem--(Compare
Re 11:1; 21:15, 16).
3. angel that talked with me . . . another angel--The
interpreting angel is met by another angel sent by the measuring Divine
Angel to "run" to Zechariah
Those who perform God's will must not merely creep, nor walk, but
run with alacrity.
4. this young man--So Zechariah is called as being still a youth when prophetically inspired
[GROTIUS]. Or, he is so called in respect to
his ministry or service (compare
Naturally the "angel that talked with" Zechariah is desired to "speak
to" him the further communications to be made from the Divine Being.
5. I . . . wall of fire round--Compare
Yet as a city needs some wall, I JEHOVAH will act
as one of fire which none durst approach
6. flee from the land of the north--that is, from Babylon: a type of
the various Gentile lands, from which the Jews are to be recalled
hereafter; hence "the four winds of heaven" are specified, implying that
they are to return from all quarters
The reason why they should flee from Babylon is: (1) because of the
blessings promised to God's people in their own land; (2) because of
the evils about to fall on their foe
Babylon was soon to fall before Darius, and its inhabitants to endure
Jer 50:8; 51:6, 45).
Many of the Jews in Zechariah's time had not yet returned to Judea.
Their tardiness was owing to (1) unbelief; (2) their land had long lain
waste, and was surrounded with bitter foes; (3) they regarded
suspiciously the liberty of return given by Cyrus and Darius, as if
these monarchs designed suddenly to crush them; (4) their long stay in
Babylon had obliterated the remembrance of their own land; (5) the
wealth and security there contrasted with Judea, where their temple and
city were in ruins. All this betrayed foul ingratitude and disregard of
God's extraordinary favor, which is infinitely to be preferred to all
the wealth of the world [CALVIN and PEMBELLUS].
7. O Zion . . . daughter of Babylon--Thou whose only sure dwelling is
"Zion," inseparably connected with the temple, art altogether out of thy
place in "dwelling with the daughter of Babylon" (that is, Babylon and
9. shake . . . hand--A mere wave of God's hand can prostrate all foes
Isa 11:15; 19:16;
10. I will dwell in . . . midst of thee--primarily at Messiah's first advent (Ps 40:7; Joh 1:14; Col 2:9; 1Ti 3:16); more fully at His second advent (Isa 40:10). So Zec 9:9, where see on Zec 9:9 (Isa 12:6; Eze 37:27; Zep 3:14). Meanwhile God dwells spiritually in His people (2Co 6:16).
11. many nations . . . joined to the Lord in that
day--The result of the Jews' exile in Babylon was that, at their
subsequent return, through the diffusion of knowledge of their
religion, many Gentiles became proselytes, worshipping in the court of
Cyrus, Darius, Alexander, Ptolemy Philadelphus, Augustus, and Tiberius,
paid respect to the temple by sending offerings
But all this is but a shadow of the future conversion of the Gentiles
which shall result from Jehovah dwelling in Jerusalem
(Ps 102:15, 16;
Php 2:10, 11).
12. Judah his portion in
the holy land--Lest the joining of the Gentile "nations
should lead the Jews to fear that their peculiar relation to Him
(De 4:20; 9:29; 32:9)
as "His inheritance" should cease, this verse is added to assure them
of His making them so hereafter "again."
13. Be silent, O all flesh--
"Let all in silent awe and reverence await the Lord's coming
interposition in behalf of His people!" The address is both to the
Gentile foes, who prided themselves on their power as if irresistible,
and to the unbelieving Jews, who distrusted God's promises as
incredible. Three reasons why they must be silent are implied: (1) they
are but "flesh," weak and ignorant; (2) He is JEHOVAH, all-wise and all-powerful; (3) He is already
"raised up out of His place," and who can stand before Him? [PEMBELLUS],
(Ps 76:8, 9).