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  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 CHRONICLES 19

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    1 David's messengers, sent to comfort Hanun, the son of Nahash, are villainously treated. 6 The Ammonites, strengthened by the Syrians, are overcome by Joab and Abishai. 16 Shophach, making a new supply of the Syrians, is slain by David. VERSE 1 - Nahash. * 1Sa 11:1,2; 12:12 2Sa 10:1-3 VERSE 2 - I will shew. * 1Sa 30:26 2Sa 9:1,7 2Ki 4:13 Es 6:3 Ec 9:15 - the children. * Ge 19:37,38 De 23:3-6 Ne 4:3,7; 13:1 VERSE 3 - but the princes. * 1Sa 29:4,9 1Ki 12:8-11 - Thinkest thou that David. Heb. In thine eyes doth David. * 1Co 13:5-7 - to search. * Ge 42:9-18 Jos 2:1-3 Jud 1:23,24; 18:2,8-10 VERSE 4 - took David's. * Ps 35:12; 109:4,5 - shaved them. * Le 19:27 Isa 15:2 Jer 41:5; 48:37 - and cut. * Isa 20:4; 47:2,3 - sent them. * 2Sa 10:4,5 2Ch 36:16 Mr 12:4 Lu 20:10,11 VERSE 5 - and told David. * Mt 18:31 - at Jericho. * Jos 6:24-26 1Ki 16:34 - your beards. * Jud 16:22 VERSE 6 - had made. * Lu 10:16 1Th 4:8 - odious. Heb. to stink. * Ge 34:30 Ex 5:21 1Sa 13:4; 27:12 Ps 14:3 *margins - a thousand. * 2Ch 16:2,3; 25:6; 27:5 Ps 46:9 - Syria-maachah. * 2Sa 10:6 - Zobah. * 2Ch 18:3,5,9 1Sa 14:47 2Sa 8:3 1Ki 11:23,24 VERSE 7 - hired. * 1Ch 18:4 Ex 14:9 Jud 4:3 1Sa 13:5 2Ch 14:9 Ps 20:7-9 - thirty. Thirty-two thousand soldiers, exclusive of the thousand send by the Maachah, are mentioned in the parallel passage (2 Sa 6 10:6;) but of chariots or cavalry there is no mention; and the number of chariots stated here is prodigious, and beyond all credibility. But as the word {raichev} denotes not only a chariot, but a rider, (see Isa 21:7,) it ought most probably to be rendered here, in a collective sense, cavalry; and then the number of troops will exactly agree with the passage in Samuel. It is probable that they were a kind of auxiliary troops who were usually mounted on horses, or in chariots, but who occasionally served as foot-soldiers. - the king of Maachah. This variation exists only in the translation, the original being the same in both places, {melech machah,} "the king of Maachah." * 2Sa 10:6 - king Maachah. Medeba. * Nu 21:30 Jos 13:9 Isa 15:2 VERSE 8 - Joab. * 1Ch 11:6,10-47 2Sa 23:8-39 VERSE 9 - put the battle. * 1Sa 17:2 2Sa 18:4 2Ch 13:3; 14:10 Isa 28:6 Jer 50:42 Joe 2:5 - the kings. * 2Sa 10:8 1Ki 20:1,24 VERSE 10 - when Joab. * 2Sa 10:9-14 - battle. Heb. face of the battle. set against. * Jos 8:22 Jud 20:42,43 - choice. or, young men. VERSE 11 - Abishai. Heb. Abshai. * 1Ch 11:20; 18:12 The variation of ['Abyshay <\\S#52h\\>,] Abishai, and ['Abshay <\\S#52h\\>,] Abshai, is simply caused by the elision of [Y"wd,] {yood,} which is by no means uncommon. - and they set. See on ver. * :9 VERSE 12 - If the Syrians. * Ne 4:20 Ec 4:9-12 Ga 6:2 Php 1:27,28 VERSE 13 - of good. * De 31:6,7 Jos 1:7; 10:25 1Sa 4:9; 14:6-12; 17:32 2Sa 10:12 * Ezr 10:4 Ne 4:14 Ps 27:14 1Co 16:13 - let us behave, etc. In Samuel, "let us play the men;" but the original is the same in both places, {nithchazzak}. - let the Lord. * Jud 10:15 1Sa 3:18 2Sa 15:26; 16:10,11 Job 1:22 VERSE 14 - they fled. * 1Ki 20:13,19-21,28-30 2Ch 13:5-16 Jer 46:15,16 VERSE 15 - they likewise. * Le 26:7 Ro 8:31 VERSE 16 - A.M. 2968. B.C. 1036. An. Ex. Is. 455. and drew. * Ps 2:1 Isa 8:9 Mic 4:11,12 Zec 14:1-3 - river. that is, Euphrates. Shophach. This variation arises from the permutation of [Byth,] {baith,} and [P,] {pay;} being written in the parallel passage [Sh"wbk <\\S#7731h\\>,] Shobach, and here [Sh"wphk <\\S#7780h\\>,] Shophach. * 2Sa 10:16 - Shobach. VERSE 17 - upon them. Instead of {alaihem,} "upon them," it is in 2 Sa 17 10:17 {chelamah,} "to Helam:" the one seems evidently to be a mistake for the other. - and set. * :9 Isa 22:6,7 VERSE 18 - fled before Israel. * :13,14 Ps 18:32; 33:16; 46:11 - seven thousand. In the parallel passage, "the men of seven hundred chariots;" which difference probably arose from mistaking [N-wn,] {noon final}, which stands for 700, for [Zayin,] {zayin,} with a dot above, which denotes 7,000, or vice versa: the great similarity of these letters might easily cause the one to be mistaken for the other. - footmen. If these troops were as we have suppose, a kind of dismounted cavalry, the terms footmen and horsemen might be indifferently applied to them. * 2Sa 10:18 - horsemen. VERSE 19 - the servants. * Ge 14:4,5 Jos 9:9-11 2Sa 10:19 1Ki 20:1,12 Ps 18:39,44 * Isa 10:8 - would. * 1Ch 14:17 Ps 48:3-6 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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