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    1 KINGS 1

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    1 Abishag cherishes David in his extreme age. 5 Adonijah, David's darling, usurps the kingdom. 11 By the council of Nathan, 15 Bath-sheba moves the king, 22 and Nathan seconds her. 28 David renews his oath to Bath-sheba. 32 Solomon, by David's appointment, being anointed king by Zadok and Nathan, the people triumph. 41 Jonathan bringing the news, Adonijah's guests fly. 50 Adonijah, flying to the horns of the altar, upon his good behavior, is dismissed by Solomon. VERSE 1 - old. David was probably now about sixty-nine years of age. He was thirty years old when he began to reign, reigned forty, and died in his seventieth year; and the transactions mentioned here are supposed to have taken place about a year before his death. Sixty-nine was not an advanced age; but he had been exhausted with various fatigues, and especially family afflictions, so that he was much older in constitution than in years. * 2Sa 5:4 1Ch 23:1; 29:27,28 Ps 90:10 - and stricken in years. Heb. and entered into days. * Ge 18:11; 24:1 Jos 23:1,2 Lu 1:7 VERSE 2 - Let there be sought. Heb. Let them seek. a young virgin. Heb. a damsel, a virgin. stand. * De 10:8 1Sa 16:21,22 2Ch 29:11 - cherish him. Heb. be a cherisher unto him. lie. * Ge 16:5 De 13:6 2Sa 12:3 Mic 7:5 - get heat. * Ec 4:11 VERSE 3 - So. * Es 2:2,4 - Abishag. * 1Ki 2:17-25 - Shunammite. * Jos 19:18 1Sa 28:4 2Ki 4:8,25 VERSE 4 - knew her not. * Mt 1:25 VERSE 5 - Adonijah. * 2Sa 3:4 1Ch 3:2 - exalted. * :11; 2:24 Ex 9:17 Pr 16:18; 18:12 Lu 14:11; 18:14 - I will. * De 17:15 Jud 9:2 1Ch 22:5-11; 28:5; 29:1 - be king. Heb. reign. and he. * De 17:16 2Sa 15:1 Isa 2:7 VERSE 6 - had not. * 1Sa 3:13 Pr 22:15; 23:13,14; 29:15 Heb 12:5,6 - at any time. Heb. from his days. very. * 1Sa 9:2; 10:23 2Sa 14:25 - bare him. * 2Sa 3:3,4 1Ch 3:2 VERSE 7 - And he conferred. Heb. his words were. * 2Sa 15:12 Ps 2:2 - Joab. * 1Ki 2:28 2Sa 8:16; 20:23 - Abiathar. * 1Sa 22:20-23 2Sa 15:24-29,35; 20:25 - following Adonijah helped him. Heb. helped after Adonijah. * 1Ki 2:22,26-35 VERSE 8 - Zadok. * 1Ki 2:35 2Sa 8:17,18; 20:25 1Ch 27:5,6 Eze 44:15 - Nathan. * 2Sa 7:2-4; 12:1-15 - Shimei. * 1Ki 4:18 Zec 12:13 - the mighty. * 2Sa 23:8-39 1Ch 11:10-47 VERSE 9 - Adonijah. The Oriental banquet, in consequence of the intense heat, is often spread upon the verdant turf, beneath the shade of a tree, where the streaming rivulet supplies the company with wholesome water, and excites a gentle breeze to cool their burning temples. - slew. * 2Sa 15:12 Pr 15:8 - En-rogel. or, the well Rogel. * 2Sa 17:17 - called. * 2Sa 13:23-27; 15:11 VERSE 10 * :8,19 2Sa 12:1-15 VERSE 11 - Nathan. * 2Sa 7:12-17; 12:24,25 1Ch 22:9,10; 28:4,5; 29:1 - Adonijah. See on ver. * :5 - Haggith. * 2Sa 3:4 VERSE 12 - let me. * Pr 11:14; 20:18; 27:9 Jer 38:15 - save. * :21 Ge 19:17 Ac 27:31 - the life. * Jud 9:5 2Ki 11:1 2Ch 21:4; 22:10 Mt 21:38 VERSE 13 - Assuredly. See on ver. * :11,17,30 1Ch 22:6-13 - sit. * :17,24,30,35,48; 2:12 De 17:18 1Ch 29:23 Ps 132:11,12 Isa 9:7 * Jer 33:21 Lu 1:32,33 VERSE 14 - I also. * :17-27 2Co 13:1 - confirm. Heb. fill up. VERSE 15 - very old. * :2-4 VERSE 16 - bowed. * :23 1Sa 20:41; 24:8; 25:23 - And the. * 1Ki 2:20 Es 7:2 Mt 20:21,32 - What wouldest thou? Heb. What to thee? VERSE 17 - My lord. * Ge 18:12 1Pe 3:6 - thou swarest. It is not recorded when or upon what occasion David sware to Bathsheba that Solomon should succeed him; but it is supposed, with some degree of probability, that it took place after Absalom's rebellion; and as God himself had settled the succession, he might very properly give her this assurance. * :13,30 VERSE 18 - Adonijah. * :5,24 2Sa 15:10 - thou knowest. * :11,24,27 Ac 3:17 VERSE 19 * :7-10,25 VERSE 20 - the eyes. * 2Ch 20:12 Ps 25:15; 123:2 Zec 3:9 - that thou. At this time the monarchy of Israel was unsettled; no man knew who was to succeed to the crown; and the minds of the people were as unsettled as the succession. It was neither hereditary nor elective: the king, as was anciently the case in most countries, named his successor; but in this instance, God had already assigned the throne to Solomon. * 2Sa 23:2 1Ch 22:8-10; 28:5,6,10; 29:1 VERSE 21 - sleep. See on ch. * 1Ki 2:10 Ge 15:15 De 31:16 - that I. That is, when Adonijah is established on the throne, I and my son Solomon shall be put to death as state criminals. The history of the world demonstrates, that the lust of dominion has tempted men to commit the most enormous crimes. A father has destroyed his son, a son deposed a father, and a brother murdered a brother, in order to obtain a crown! - offenders. Heb. sinners. * 1Ki 2:15,22-24 VERSE 22 * Ge 24:15 Job 1:16-18 Da 9:20 VERSE 23 - he bowed. See on ver. * :16 Ro 13:7 1Pe 2:17 VERSE 24 - hast thou. * :14,18 - reign. * :5,13,17 VERSE 25 - slain. See on ver. * :9,19 1Sa 11:14,15 1Ch 29:21-13 - God save king Adonijah. Heb. Let king Adonijah live. * :34 1Sa 10:24 2Sa 16:16 2Ki 11:12 2Ch 23:11 *margins * Mt 21:9 Mr 11:9,10 Lu 19:38 VERSE 26 * :8,19 2Sa 7:2,12-17; 12:25 VERSE 27 - and thou. * :24 2Ki 4:27 Joh 15:15 VERSE 28 - Call me. She appears to have gone out when Nathan entered; and he retired when she was readmitted. - into the king's presence. Heb. before the king. * :28 VERSE 29 - As the. * 1Ki 2:24; 17:1; 18:10 Jud 8:19 1Sa 14:39,45; 19:6; 20:21 2Sa 12:5 * 2Ki 4:30; 5:16,20 - hath. * Ge 48:16 2Sa 4:9 Ps 34:19-22; 72:14; 136:24; 138:7 VERSE 30 - Even as I sware. See on ver. * :13,17 VERSE 31 - did reverence. * 2Sa 9:6 Es 3:2 Mt 21:37 Eph 5:33 Heb 12:9 - Let my. See on ver. * :25 Ne 2:3 Da 2:4; 3:9; 5:10; 6:6,21 VERSE 32 - Zadok. See on ver. * :8,26,38 VERSE 33 - Take. * 2Sa 20:6 - and cause. Maimonides informs us, that it was a capital offence for any one to ride on the king's mule, to sit on his throne, or to handle his sceptre, without permission; and as David ordered Solomon to ride on his own mule, etc., it was ample evidence that he had appointed him his successor. - to ride. * :5,38,44 Ge 41:43 Es 6:6-11 - mine own mule. Heb. the mule which belongeth to me. * Le 19:19 - Gihon. * :38,45 2Ch 32:30 VERSE 34 - Zadok. * 1Ki 19:16 1Sa 10:1; 16:3,12,13 2Sa 2:4; 5:3 2Ki 9:3,6; 11:12 * 2Ch 23:11 Ps 45:7; 89:20,36 Isa 45:1 Ac 10:38 2Co 1:21,22 - blow ye. * 2Sa 15:10 2Ki 9:13; 11:14 Ps 98:5-7 - God. See on ver. * :25 2Ki 11:12 VERSE 35 - sit. See on ver. * :13,17; 2:12 - I have. * 1Ki 2:15 1Ch 23:1; 28:4,5 Ps 2:6; 72:1 *title * Ps 72:1,2 VERSE 36 - Amen. * De 27:15-26 Ps 72:19 Jer 11:5; 28:6 Mt 6:13; 28:20 1Co 14:16 - the Lord. * 1Sa 25:29 1Ch 17:27 Ps 18:2; 63:1; 89:20,26 VERSE 37 - As the. * 1Ki 3:7-9 Ex 3:12 Jos 1:5,17 1Sa 20:13 1Ch 28:20 2Ch 1:1 Ps 46:7 * Ps 46:11 Isa 8:10 Mt 1:23 Ro 8:31 - and make. * :47 2Sa 24:3 2Ki 2:9 Ps 72:8,17-19; 89:27 Da 7:14 VERSE 38 - Zadok. See on ver. * :8,26 - the Cherethites. * 1Sa 30:14 2Sa 8:18; 15:18; 20:20-23 1Ch 18:17 Zep 2:5 - king David's. See on ver. * :33 VERSE 39 - an horn. See on * 1Sa 16:13 - out. * Ex 30:23-33 Ps 89:20 - anointed. * 1Ch 29:22 - all the people. See on ver. * :25 1Sa 10:24 2Ki 11:12 2Ch 23:11,13 VERSE 40 - pipes. or, flutes. * Da 3:5 - rejoiced. * 1Sa 11:15 2Ki 11:14,20 1Ch 12:38-40 Ps 97:1 Zec 9:9 Lu 19:37 * Re 11:15-18 - the earth rent. We use a similar expression in precisely the same sense: "They rent the air with their cries." VERSE 41 - as they. * Job 20:5 Pr 14:13 Ec 7:4-6 Mt 24:38,39 Lu 17:26-29 - Wherefore. * Ex 32:17 Job 15:21,22 Ps 73:18-20 - the city. * Mt 21:9-11,15 Ac 21:31 VERSE 42 - Jonathan. * 2Sa 15:36; 17:17 - a valiant. * 1Ki 22:18 2Sa 18:27 2Ki 9:22 Isa 57:21 1Th 5:2,3 VERSE 43 - Verily. See on ver. * :32-40 VERSE 44 - 44 VERSE 45 - Gihon. This was a fountain on the west of Jerusalem, (consequently in an opposite direction to En-rogel on the east, where Adonijah was proclaimed king,) of which there were two pools, an upper and a lower. (2Ch 32:30.) There is a large square cistern in the ravine west of the city, mentioned by Dr. Richardson as a little to the south of the Jaffa gate, which Dr. Pococke describes as a basin about 250 paces long and 100 broad. It is commonly called the pool of Bathsheba, but seems to be the lower pool of Gihon. "Nearly a mile to the N.N.W. is the pool of Gihon, which I suppose to be the upper pool. It is a very large basin, and, if I mistake not, is cut down about ten feet into the rock, there being a way down to it by steps. It was almost dry at that time, and seems designed to receive the rain waters which come from the hills about it. There is a canal from the pool to the city, which is uncovered part of the way, and, it is said, goes to the pool in the streets near the holy sepulchre. The fountain of Gihon arose either in the upper pool, or out of the high ground above it."--Travels, book i. ch. 6. - the city. * :40 1Sa 4:5 Ezr 3:13 - This is. * 1Ki 14:6 1Sa 28:14 Da 5:26-28 VERSE 46 * :13 1Ch 29:23 Ps 132:11 Hag 2:22 VERSE 47 - bless. * Ex 12:32 2Sa 8:10; 21:3 Ezr 6:10 Ps 20:1-4 - God. * :37 Lu 19:38 - bowed. * Ge 47:31 Heb 11:21 VERSE 48 - Blessed. * Ge 14:20 1Ch 29:10,20 Ne 9:5 Ps 34:1; 41:13; 72:17-19; 103:1,2 * Ps 145:2 Da 4:34 Lu 1:46,47,68,69 Eph 1:3 1Pe 1:3 - which. * 1Ki 3:6 1Ch 17:11-14,17 Ps 132:11,12 Pr 17:6 - mine eyes. * 2Sa 24:3 Ps 128:5,6 VERSE 49 * Pr 28:1 Isa 21:4,5 Da 5:4-6 VERSE 50 - caught. * 1Ki 2:28 Ex 21:14; 38:2 Ps 118:27 VERSE 51 VERSE 52 - there shall. * 1Sa 14:45 2Sa 14:11 Mt 10:30 Lu 21:18 Ac 27:34 - wickedness. * 1Ki 2:21-25 Job 15:22 Pr 13:6; 21:12 VERSE 53 - bowed himself. See on ver. * :16,31 2Sa 1:2 - Go to. * 1Ki 2:36 2Sa 14:24,28 Pr 24:21 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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