King James Bible Adam Clarke Bible Commentary Martin Luther's Writings Wesley's Sermons and Commentary Neurosemantics Audio / Video Bible Evolution Cruncher Creation Science Vincent New Testament Word Studies KJV Audio Bible Family videogames Christian author Godrules.NET Main Page Add to Favorites Godrules.NET Main Page




Bad Advertisement?

Are you a Christian?

Online Store:
  • Visit Our Store

  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge -
    1 SAMUEL 20

    << 1 Samuel 19 - 1 Samuel 21 >> - HELP - FACEBOOK - GR FORUMS - GODRULES ON YOUTUBE      


    1 David consults with Jonathan for his safety. 11 Jonathan and David renew their covenant by oath. 18 Jonathan's token to David. 24 Saul, missing David, seeks to kill Jonathan. 35 Jonathan affectionately takes his leave of David. VERSE 1 - fled. * 1Sa 19:19-24; 23:26-28 Ps 124:6-8 2Pe 2:9 - What have. * 1Sa 12:3; 24:11,17 Ps 7:3-5; 18:20-24 2Co 1:12 1Jo 3:21 VERSE 2 - God forbid. * 1Sa 14:45 Ge 44:7 Jos 22:29; 24:16 Lu 20:16 - shew it me. Heb. uncover mine ear. * :12; 9:15 *marg: * Ps 40:6 Isa 50:5 Joh 15:15; 17:8 VERSE 3 - sware. * De 6:13 Jer 4:2 Heb 6:16 - but truly. * 1Sa 25:26; 27:1 2Sa 15:21 2Ki 2:2,4,6 - as thy soul. * 1Sa 1:26; 17:55 Jer 38:16 - but a step. * 1Sa 27:1 De 28:66 Ps 116:3 1Co 15:30,31 2Co 1:9,10 VERSE 4 - Whatever, etc. or, Say what is thy mind, and I will do, etc. soul. Heb. nephesh. * Ge 34:3 - desireth. Heb. speaketh, or thinketh. * Joh 14:13 VERSE 5 - the new moon. The months of the Hebrews were lunar months, and they reckoned from one new moon to another: and, as their feasts, particularly the passover, were reckoned according to this, they were very scrupulous in observing the first appearance of each new moon. On these new moons, they offered sacrifices, and feasted together: but the gathering together of all the families of a tribe on such occasions seems to have taken place only once in the year. * :6 Nu 10:10; 28:11 2Ki 4:23 Ps 81:3 Col 2:16 - that I may. * :19; 19:2 Ps 55:12 Pr 22:3 Joh 8:59 Ac 17:14 VERSE 6 - Beth-lehem. * 1Sa 17:58 Joh 7:42 - sacrifice. or, feast. * 1Sa 9:12; 16:2-5 VERSE 7 - It is well. * De 1:23 2Sa 17:4 - evil. * :9; 25:17 Es 7:7 VERSE 8 - deal kindly. * Ge 24:49; 47:29 Jos 2:14 Ru 1:8 Pr 3:3 - thou hast. * :16; 18:3; 23:18 - if there be. * Jos 22:22 2Sa 14:32 Ps 7:4,5 Ac 25:11 - why shouldest. * 1Ch 12:17 Ps 116:11 VERSE 9 - then would. * :38,42; 19:2 VERSE 10 - answer thee. * :30-34; 25:10,14,17 Ge 42:7,30 1Ki 12:13 Pr 18:23 VERSE 11 VERSE 12 - O Lord. This verse is evidently deficient. The LXX. have [ ,] "The Lord God of Israel doth know;" the Syraic and Arabic, "The Lord God of Israel is witness;" either of which makes good sense. But two of Dr. Kennicott's MSS. supply the word {chai,} "liveth;" and the text reads thus: "As the Lord God of Israel liveth, when I have sounded my father,--if there be good unto David, and I then send not unto thee," etc.; which is a still better sense. * Jos 22:22 Job 31:4 Ps 17:3; 139:1-4 - sounded. Heb. searched. * Pr 20:5; 25:2,3 - shew it thee. Heb. uncover thine ear. * :2 VERSE 13 - The Lord do. * 1Sa 3:17; 25:22 Ru 1:17 2Sa 3:35; 19:13 1Ki 19:2; 20:10 - the Lord be. * 1Sa 17:37 Jos 1:5 1Ch 22:11,16 Mt 28:20 Php 4:9 - he hath been with my father. * 1Sa 10:7; 11:6-13; 14:47 2Sa 7:15 VERSE 14 - the kindness. * 2Sa 9:3 Eph 5:1,2 VERSE 15 - thou shalt. * 1Sa 24:21 2Sa 9:1-7; 21:7 VERSE 16 - made. Heb. cut. * 1Sa 18:3 Ge 15:18 - Let the Lord. * 1Sa 25:22; 31:2 2Sa 4:7,8; 21:8 VERSE 17 - because he loved him. or, by his love toward him. for he loved. * 1Sa 18:1,3 De 13:6 2Sa 1:26 Pr 18:24 VERSE 18 - new moon. See on ver. * :5 - and thou shalt. Among the forms of salutation and compliment used in Persia, one was, "according to my mode of notation in italics, {J i shma khali bud pish yrn,} signifying, Thy place or seat was empty among thy friends. This phrase, or the greater part of it, was frequently addressed to myself when coming into a circle of Persian acquaintances, after an absence of several days or weeks. It reminded me of a passage in the First book of Samuel, (ch. 18 20:18.) And thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty. And again, David's place was empty." Sir W. Ouseley's Travels, vol i. preface, p.16. - empty. Heb. missed. VERSE 19 - quickly. or, diligently. Heb. greatly. hide thyself. * :5; 19:2 - when the business. Heb. in the day of the business. Ezel. or, that sheweth the way. VERSE 20 VERSE 21 - no. Heb. not any thing. as the. * Jer 4:2; 5:2; 12:16 Am 8:14 VERSE 22 VERSE 23 - the matter. * :14,15 - the Lord. * :42 Ge 16:5; 31:50 VERSE 24 - the king. * Ps 50:16-21 Pr 4:17; 15:17; 17:1; 21:3,27 Isa 1:11-15 Zec 7:6 * Joh 18:28 VERSE 25 - as at other times. * Jud 16:20 VERSE 26 - he is not clean. * Le 7:21; 11:24,27,31,40; 15:5,16,17,19-21 Nu 19:16 VERSE 27 - Wherefore. * 1Sa 18:11; 19:9,10,15 - the son. * 1Sa 22:7-9,13,14; 25:10 Isa 11:1,2 Mt 13:55 1Pe 2:4 VERSE 28 VERSE 29 - my brother. * 1Sa 17:28 VERSE 30 - Saul's. * Job 5:2 Pr 14:29; 19:12,19; 21:24; 25:28; 27:3 Jas 19 1:19,20 - Thou, etc. or, Thou perverse rebel. Heb. Son of perverse rebellion. * Pr 15:2; 21:24 Mt 5:22 Eph 4:31; 6:4 - and unto the. This reflection on the mother of Jonathan, by the passionate monarch, reflects more dishonor on himself than on his brave and noble minded son. Mungo Park gives an instance of the prevalence of the same principles in Africa; for he says, "Maternal affection is every where conspicuous among the Africans, and creates a correspondent return of tenderness in the child. 'Strike me,' said my attendant, 'but do not curse my mother.' I found the same sentiment to prevail universally in all parts of Africa." King Saul, unable to villify Jonathan to his own satisfaction by personal reproaches, outstepped the ordinary abuse of his day, and proceeded to that which was designed to produce unusual vexation, and vented the bitterness of his mind by maligning the character of his own wife and Jonathan's mother. VERSE 31 - send. * :8; 19:6,11-15 - shall surely die. Heb. is the son of death. * 1Sa 26:16 2Sa 19:28 Ps 79:11 *marg: VERSE 32 - Wherefore. * 1Sa 19:5 Pr 24:11,12; 31:8,9 Joh 7:51 - what hath. * Mt 27:23 Lu 23:22 - cast. * 1Sa 18:11; 19:10,11 Pr 22:24 Ec 9:3 Jer 17:9 - whereby. * :7 Ec 7:9 VERSE 33 VERSE 34 - in fierce. * Ec 7:20 Eph 4:26 - he was grieved. * Mr 3:5 VERSE 35 - at the time. * :19 2Sa 20:5 VERSE 36 - Run. * :20,21 - beyond him. Heb. to pass over him. * :21,22 VERSE 37 * :37 VERSE 38 * Ps 55:6-9 Pr 6:4,5 Mt 24:16-18 Mr 13:14-16 Lu 17:31,32 VERSE 39 VERSE 40 - artillery. Heb. instruments. * 1Sa 21:8 Rather weapons, as the word {kelim} also denotes; and here means the bow, quiver, and arrows. This is probably the only place in our language in which the word artillery is not applied to cannon or ordinance, but simply to weapons of war. - his lad. Heb. the lad that was his. * 1Sa 24:4 VERSE 41 - and fell. * 1Sa 25:23 Ge 43:28 2Sa 9:6 - and they kissed. * 1Sa 10:1 Ge 29:11,13; 45:15 2Sa 19:39 Ac 20:37 - David exceeded. * 1Sa 18:3 2Sa 1:26 VERSE 42 - Go in peace. * :22; 1:17 Nu 6:26 Lu 7:50 Ac 16:36 - forasmuch as. or, the Lord be witness of that which, etc. * :23 - And he arose. * 1Sa 23:18 The separation of two such faithful friends was equally grievous to them both, but David's case was the more deplorable: for when Jonathan was returning to his family and friends, David was leaving all his comforts, even those of God's sanctuary, and therefore his grief exceeded Jonathan's; or, perhaps it was because his temper was more tender and his passions stronger. They referred each other to the covenant of friendship that was between them, both of them being comforted thereby in this very mournful separation:--"We have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, for ourselves and our heirs, that we and they will be faithful and kind to each other from generation to generation." GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

    God Rules.NET