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    2 CHRONICLES 24

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    1 Joash reigns well all the days of Jehoiada. 4 He gives order for the repair of the temple. 15 Jehoiada's death and honorable burial. 17 Joash, falling into idolatry, slays Zechariah the son of Jehoiada. 23 Joash is spoiled by the Syrians, and slain by Zabad and Jehozabad. 27 Amaziah succeeds him. VERSE 1 - A.M. 3126-3165. B.C. 878-839. Joash. Joash, [Y"wsh <\\S#3101h\\,] or [Y"sh <\\S#3101h\\>,] is merely an abbreviation of Jehoash, [Yeh"w'sh <\\S#3060h\\>,] by the elision of [H,] {hay,} and here also of [Vv,] {wav.} * 2Ki 11:21; 12:1 - Jehoash. * 1Ch 3:11 - seven years old. As Joash was hidden six years in the temple, and was but seven when he came to the throne, he could have been but one year old when secreted by his aunt. VERSE 2 - A.M. 3126-3162. B.C. 878-842. - Joash. * 2Ch 25:2; 26:4,5 2Ki 12:2 Ps 78:36,37; 106:12,13 Mr 4:16,17 - all the days of Jehoiada. * :17-22 Isa 29:13 VERSE 3 - took for him. Not for himself, as the Jewish expositors suppose, but for Joash; for Jehoiada's advanced age renders it highly improbable that he should take them for himself. He was born in the reign of Solomon, and lived through six successive reigns; and must, on any computation, have been upwards of 100 years old when Joash began to reign. - See ver. * :15 Ge 21:21; 24:4 - two wives. * Ge 4:19 Mt 19:4-8 VERSE 4 - A.M. 3148. B.C. 856. repair. Heb. renew. * :5-7 VERSE 5 - gather of all Israel. * 2Ch 29:3; 34:8,9 2Ki 12:4,5 - However. * 2Ki 12:6,7 VERSE 6 - Why hast thou. * 2Sa 24:3 - the collection. This was the poll-tax fixed by Moses, of half a shekel, which was levied on every man of twenty years old and upwards, as "a ransom for their souls, that there might be no plague among them." * Ex 30:12-16 - tabernacle. * Nu 1:50; 17:7,8; 18:2 Ac 7:44 VERSE 7 - the sons of Athaliah. As Jehoram's sons, Ahaziah excepted, whether by Athaliah or any other, were all slain before his death (ch. 1 22:1), this spoilation of the temple must have taken place in his life-time. * 2Ch 21:17 - that wicked. * 2Ch 28:22-24 Es 7:6 Pr 10:7 2Th 2:8 Re 2:20 - the dedicated. * 2Ki 12:4 - did they bestow. * De 32:15-17 Eze 16:17-21 Da 5:2-4,23 Ho 2:8,9,13 VERSE 8 - at the king's. * 2Ki 12:8,9 Mr 12:41 VERSE 9 - proclamation. Heb. voice. collection. * :6 Mt 17:24-27 VERSE 10 - rejoiced. * 1Ch 29:9 Isa 64:5 Ac 2:45-47 2Co 8:2; 9:7 VERSE 11 - at what time. * 2Ki 12:10-12 - the king's scribe. It was necessary to associate with the high priest some civil authority and activity, in order to get the neglected work performed. - Thus they did. * 1Co 16:2 VERSE 12 - gave it to such. * 2Ch 34:9-11 - masons. * 1Ki 5:15 VERSE 13 - the work was perfected by them. Heb. the healing went up upon the work by their hand. * Ne 4:7 - they set, etc. That is, "they restored it to its former proper state." - in his state. * 1Ch 22:5 Hag 2:3 Mr 13:1,2 VERSE 14 - vessels of the house. * 2Ki 12:13,14 - vessels to minister. * 1Ki 7:50 - to offer with. or, pestils. * Pr 27:22 - And they offered. It appears from this, that the daily morning and evening sacrifices had been previously intermitted; and that they were again neglected after the death of Jehoiada. * Ex 29:38-42 Nu 28:2-40 29:40 - all the days. * :2 VERSE 15 - A.M. 3162. B.C. 842. and was full of days. {Wyyisb yammim,} "satiated with days;" which seems to be a metaphor taken from a guest regaled by a plentiful banquet, used to express the termination of life without reluctance. * Ge 15:15; 25:8 1Ch 23:1 Job 5:26 Ps 91:16 - an hundred. * Ge 47:9 Ps 90:10 VERSE 16 - in the city. * 1Sa 2:30 1Ki 2:10 Ac 2:29 - because. * 2Ch 23:1-21; 31:20 Ne 13:14 Heb 6:10 VERSE 17 - A.M. 3162-3165. B.C. 842-839. Now after. * De 31:27 Ac 20:29,30 2Pe 1:15 - the princes of Judah. * 2Ch 10:8-10; 22:3,4 Pr 7:21-23; 20:19; 26:8,28; 29:5 Da 11:32 - Then the king. * Pr 29:12 VERSE 18 - And they left. * :4; 21:13; 33:3-7 1Ki 11:4,5; 14:9,23 - wrath. * 2Ch 19:2; 28:13; 29:8; 32:25; 36:14-16 Jos 22:20 Jud 5:8 2Sa 24:1 * Ho 5:10,11,14 Zep 1:4-6 Eph 5:6 VERSE 19 - Yet he sent. * 2Ch 36:15,16 2Ki 17:13-15 Ne 9:26 Jer 7:25,26; 25:4,5; 26:5; 44:4,5 * Lu 11:47-51; 16:31; 20:9-15 - but they would. * Ps 95:7,8 Isa 28:23; 42:23; 51:4; 55:3 Mt 13:9,15,16 VERSE 20 - And the Spirit. * 2Ch 15:1; 20:14 - came upon. Heb. clothed. * Jud 6:34 1Ch 12:18 - the son. * 2Ch 23:11 - transgress. * Nu 14:41 1Sa 13:13,14 2Sa 12:9,10 Zec 7:11-14 - because. * 2Ch 15:2 De 29:25,26 1Ch 28:9 Jer 2:19; 4:18; 5:19,25 VERSE 21 - conspired. * Jer 11:19; 18:18; 38:4-6 - stoned him. * Mt 21:35; 23:34-37 Ac 7:58,59 VERSE 22 - remembered. * Ps 109:4 Lu 17:15-18 Joh 10:32 - but slew his son. * Pr 17:13 - The Lord. These words were prophetic, and not imprecatory; and should be rendered as Houbigant proposes, in the future tense: "The Lord will look upon it, and avenge it." The event soon verified this prediction; for, before the year was expired, the Syrians came up against Jerusalem, and destroyed all the princes of the people, and Joash himself was slain in his bed by his own servants. Many circumstances served to aggravate this barbarous act. Zechariah was a high-priest and a prophet, upright and unblameable in the discharge of his high offices; this murder was perpetrated within the very precincts of the courts of the Lord; and this truly good man was by blood the nearest relative of Joash, and the son of the man who had save him from being murdered, and raised him to the throne! * Ge 9:5 Jer 11:20; 26:14,15 Lu 11:51 2Ti 4:14,16 Re 6:9-11 * Re 18:20; 19:2 - and require it. * Ps 10:14 Jer 51:56 VERSE 23 - A.M. 3165. B.C. 839. at the end. Heb. in the revolution. * 1Ki 20:22,26 - the host. * De 32:35 2Ki 12:17,18 - princes. * :17,18 Ps 2:10,11; 58:10,11; 82:6,7 - Damascus. Heb. Darmesek. VERSE 24 - came. * Le 26:8,37 De 32:30 Isa 30:17 Jer 37:10 - delivered. * 2Ch 16:8,9; 20:11,12 Le 26:25 De 28:25,48 - So. * 2Ch 22:8 Isa 10:5,6; 13:5 Hab 1:12 VERSE 25 - great diseases. * 2Ch 21:16,18,19; 22:6 - his own servants. * 2Ki 12:20; 14:19,20 - for the blood. * :21,22 Ps 10:14 Re 16:6 - the sons of Jehoiada. Houbigant reads, "the sons of Jehoiada;" but perhaps Joash slew some other sons of Jehoiada. - not. * :16; 21:20; 28:27 VERSE 26 - Zabad. or, Jozachar. * 2Ki 12:21 - Shimrith. or, Shomer. VERSE 27 - burdens. * 2Ki 12:18 - repairing. Heb. founding. * :13 - story. or, commentary. * 2Ch 9:29; 16:11; 20:34 - Amaziah. * 2Ch 25:1 2Ki 12:21 1Ch 3:12 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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