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    2 CHRONICLES 28

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    1 Ahaz reigning very wickedly, is greatly afflicted by the Syrians. 6 Judah being captivated by the Israelites, is sent home by the counsel of Oded the prophet. 16 Ahaz sending for aid to Assyria, is not helped thereby. 22 In his distress he grows more idolatrous. 26 He dying, Hezekiah succeeds him. VERSE 1 - A.M. 3262-3278. B.C. 742-726. Ahaz. * 2Ki 16:1,2-20 1Ch 3:13 Isa 1:1; 7:1-12 Ho 1:1 Mic 1:1 Mt 1:9 - like David his father. * 2Ch 17:3 VERSE 2 - For he walked. * 2Ch 21:6; 22:3,4 1Ki 16:31-33 2Ki 10:26-28 - molten images. * Ex 34:17 Le 19:4 - Baalim. * Jud 2:11,13 Ho 2:13,17 VERSE 3 - burnt incense. or, offered sacrifice. the valley. * 2Ki 23:10 Jer 7:31,32; 19:2-6,13 - burnt. * 2Ch 33:6 Le 18:21 2Ki 16:3 Ps 106:37,38 Jer 2:34; 32:35 * Eze 16:20,21 Mic 6:7 - after the abominations. * 2Ch 33:2 De 12:31 VERSE 4 * Le 26:30 De 12:2,3 2Ki 16:4 VERSE 5 - his God. * 2Ch 36:5 Ex 20:2,3 - delivered him. * 2Ch 24:24; 33:11; 36:17 Jud 2:14 2Ki 16:5,6 Isa 7:1,6 - Damascus. Heb. Darmesek. VERSE 6 - Pekah. * 2Ki 15:27,37 Isa 7:4,5,9; 9:21 - an hundred. * 2Ch 13:17 - valiant men. Heb. sons of valour. because. * 2Ch 15:2 De 6:14,15; 28:15,25; 29:24-26; 31:16,17; 32:20 Jos 23:16 * Jos 24:20 Isa 1:28; 24:5,6 Jer 2:19; 15:6 VERSE 7 - next to the king. Heb. the second to the king. * Ge 41:43; 43:12,15 Es 10:3 VERSE 8 - carried. * De 28:25,41 - brethren. * 2Ch 11:4 Ac 7:26; 13:26 VERSE 9 - he went out. * 2Ch 19:1,2; 25:15,16 1Ki 20:13,22,42 2Ki 20:14,15 - Behold. To this beautiful speech nothing can be added by the best comment: it is simple, humane, pious, and overwhelmingly convincing; and it is no wonder that it produced the effect here described. That there was much humanity, as well as firmness, in the heads of the children of Ephraim, who joined with the prophet of Jehovah on this occasion, their subsequent conduct, as detailed in the fifteenth verse, sufficiently proves. They did not barely dismiss these most unfortunate captives, but they took that very spoil which their victorious army had taken, and with clothed, shod, fed, and anointed these distressed people, set the feeblest of them upon asses, and escorted them safely to Jericho! We can scarcely find a parallel to this in the universal history of the wars which savage man has carried on against his fellows from the foundation of the world. The compliance also of the whole army, in leaving both the captives and spoil to the disposal of the princes, was really wonderful, and perhaps unparalleled in history. Both the princes and army are worthy to be held up to the admiration and imitation of mankind. - because the Lord God. * :5 Jud 3:8 Ps 69:26 Isa 10:5-7; 47:6 Jer 15:17,18 Eze 25:12-17 * Eze 26:2,3 Ob 1:10-16 Zec 1:15 - reacheth. * Ge 4:10; 11:4 Ezr 9:6 Re 18:5 VERSE 10 - keep. * Le 25:39-46 - not with. * Jer 25:29 Mt 7:2-4 Ro 12:20,21 1Pe 4:17,18 - the Lord. * :5 VERSE 11 - deliver. * Isa 58:6 Jer 34:14,15 Heb 13:1-3 - the fierce. * Ezr 10:14 Mt 5:7; 7:2 Jas 13 2:13 VERSE 12 - the heads. * 1Ch 28:1 - stood up. * Jer 26:6 VERSE 13 - add more. * Nu 32:14 Jos 22:17,18 Mt 23:32,35 Ro 2:5 VERSE 14 - the armed men. * 2Ch 20:21 1Ch 12:23 VERSE 15 - expressed by name. * :12 - clothed. * Job 31:15-23 Isa 58:7 Mt 25:35-45 Ac 9:39 1Ti 5:10 * Jas 15 2:15,16 1Jo 3:17,18 - gave them. * 2Ki 6:22 Pr 25:21,22 Lu 6:27; 8:27,35 Ro 12:20,21 - carried. * Ro 15:1 - the city. * De 34:3 Jud 1:16 VERSE 16 - did king. * 2Ki 16:5-7 Isa 7:1-9,17 - the kings. Instead of {malchey,} "kings," the Chaldee, Syriac, Arabic, and Vulgate, one MS., and the parallel place, have {mailech}, "king." VERSE 17 - the Edomites. * 2Ch 25:11,12 Le 26:18 Ob 1:10,13,14 - captives. Heb. a captivity. VERSE 18 - Philistines. * Eze 16:27,57 - Beth-shemesh. * Jos 15:10 1Sa 6:9 - Ajalon. * 2Ch 11:10 - Aijalon. Gederoth. * Jos 15:41 - Shocho. * Jos 15:48 - Socoh. Timnah. * Jud 14:1 - Timnath. VERSE 19 - the Lord. * De 28:43 1Sa 2:7 Job 40:12 Ps 106:41-43 Pr 29:23 - because of Ahaz. * Ho 5:11 Mic 6:16 - Israel. * 2Ch 21:2 - made Judah. * Ge 3:7,11 Ex 32:25 Re 3:17,18; 16:15 VERSE 20 - A.M. 3264. B.C. 740. Tilgath-pilneser. * 2Ki 15:29; 16:7-10 - Tiglath-pileser. * 1Ch 5:26 Ho 5:13 - distressed him. * 2Ki 17:5 Isa 7:20; 30:3,16 Jer 2:37 VERSE 21 - took away. * 2Ch 12:9 2Ki 18:15,16 Pr 20:25 VERSE 22 - in the. * 2Ch 33:12 Ps 50:15 Isa 1:5 Eze 21:13 Ho 5:15 Re 16:9-11 - this is. * Es 7:6 Ps 52:7 VERSE 23 - For he sacrificed. This passage, says Mr. Hallet, greatly surprised me; for the sacred historian is here represented as saying, "The gods of Damascus had smitten Ahaz." But it is impossible to suppose that an inspired author should say this; for the Scripture every where represents the heathen idols as nothing and vanity, and as incapable of doing either good or hurt. All difficulty is avoided if we follow the old Hebrew copies, from which the Greek translation was made: "And king Ahaz said, I will seek to the gods of Damascus which have smitten me." * 2Ch 25:14 2Ki 16:12,13 - Damascus. Heb. Darmesek. Because the gods. * Hab 1:11 - sacrifice to them. * Jer 10:5; 44:15-18 - But they were. * Isa 1:28 Jer 44:20-28 Ho 13:9 VERSE 24 - cut in pieces. * 2Ki 16:17,18; 25:13-17 - shut up. * 2Ch 29:3,7 - he made. * 2Ch 33:3-5 Jer 2:28 Ho 12:11 Ac 17:16,23 VERSE 25 - burn. or, offer. * :3 *marg: VERSE 26 - the rest. * 2Ch 20:34; 27:7-9 2Ki 16:19,20 VERSE 27 - A.M. 3278. B.C. 726. they brought. * 2Ch 21:20; 26:23; 33:20 1Sa 2:30 Pr 10:7 - the kings of Israel. Or, "the kings of Judah;" the name Israel being sometimes applied by the writer of this book, in a general way, to Judah. The Hebrews were accustomed to honor the memory of those kings who had reigned well, by depositing their remains in the royal cemetery. On the contrary, those who died under the disapproval of the people, as a mark of posthumous disgrace, were denied interment with their predecessors, and were buried in some other place in Jerusalem. So it was with Ahaz, who, though brought into the city, was not buried in the sepulchres of the kings of Judah. It was doubtless with a design to make a suitable impression on the minds of their kings while living, that such distinctions were observed. They might thus restrain them from evil, or excite them to good, according as they were fearful of being execrated, or desirous of being honored, when dead. 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