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    2 KINGS 18

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    1 Hezekiah's good reign. 4 He destroys idolatry, and prospers. 9 The inhabitants of Samaria are carried captive for their sins. 13 Sennacherib invading Judah, is pacified by a tribute. 17 Rab-shakeh, by blasphemous persuasions, solicits the people to revolt. VERSE 1 - A.M. 3278. B.C. 726. in the third. * :9; 15:30; 17:1 - Hezekiah. * 2Ki 16:20 1Ch 3:13 2Ch 28:27; 29:1 Mt 1:9,10 - Ezekias. VERSE 2 - Twenty and five years old. As Ahaz was 20 years old when he began to reign, and died when he had reigned 16 years, his whole age only amounted to 36 years; and as Hezekiah was, at least, entering on his 25th year when he began to reign, then Ahaz must have been under 12 years of age when his son was born! This is not at all impossible: and there are well-attested facts of men having children at as early a period, especially in eastern countries. - A.M. 3278-3306. B.C. 726-698. Abi. * 2Ch 29:1 - Abijah. VERSE 3 - right in the sight. * 2Ki 20:3 Ex 15:26 De 6:18 2Ch 31:20,21 Job 33:27 Ps 128 119:128 * Ro 7:12 Eph 6:1 - according. * 2Ki 22:2 1Ki 3:14; 11:4,38; 15:5,11 2Ch 29:2 VERSE 4 - removed. * 2Ki 12:3; 14:4; 15:4,35 Le 26:30 1Ki 3:2,3; 15:14; 22:43 Ps 78:58 * Eze 20:28,29 - brake. * 2Ki 23:4 De 7:5; 12:2,3 Jud 6:25,28 1Ki 15:12,13 2Ch 19:3; 31:1 * 2Ch 33:3 - images. Heb. statues. the brasen serpent. * Nu 21:8,9 Joh 3:14,15 - unto those days. * 2Ki 16:15 - Nehushtan. That is, a piece of brass. VERSE 5 - trusted. * 2Ki 19:10 2Ch 32:7,8 Job 13:15 Ps 13:5; 27:1,2; 46:1,2; 84:12 * Ps 146:5,6 Jer 17:7,8 Mt 27:43 Eph 1:12 - after him. * 2Ki 19:15-19; 23:25 2Ch 14:11; 16:7-9; 20:20,35 VERSE 6 - he clave. None of the kings of Judah, from the time of the division of the kingdom, equalled Hezekiah in the stedfastness and simplicity of his dependence upon the Lord; in which he aspired to an equality with his progenitor David, who had reigned over the whole land. Even Asa, through weakness of faith, sought the assistance of a heathen prince; and Jehoshaphat formed an alliance with idolatrous Ahab; but Hezekiah clave to the Lord, in entire confidence and unreserved obedience, to the end of his life. * De 10:20 Jos 23:8 Ac 11:23 - from following him. Heb. from after him. kept. * 2Ki 17:13,16,19 Jer 11:4 Joh 14:15,21; 15:10,14 1Jo 5:3 VERSE 7 - And the Lord. * Ge 21:22; 39:2,3 1Sa 18:14 2Ch 15:2 Ps 46:11; 60:12 Mt 1:23 * Mt 28:20 Ac 7:9,10 - he prospered. * Ge 39:2 1Sa 18:5,14 *marg: * 2Sa 8:6,14 2Ch 31:21; 32:30 Ps 1:3; 60:12 Ro 8:31 - rebelled. * :20; 16:7 VERSE 8 - the Philistines. * 1Ch 4:41 2Ch 28:18 Isa 14:29 - Gaza. Heb. Azzah. from the tower. * 2Ki 17:9 2Ch 26:10 Isa 5:2 VERSE 9 - A.M. 3281. B.C. 723. the fourth year. * :1; 17:4-6 - Shalmaneser. * 2Ki 17:3-23 Ho 10:14 - Shalman. VERSE 10 - A.M. 3283. B.C. 721. they took it. * Ho 13:16 Am 3:11-15; 4:1-3; 6:7; 9:1-4 Mic 1:6-9; 6:16; 7:13 VERSE 11 - the king. * 2Ki 17:6; 19:11 1Ch 5:26 Isa 7:8; 8:4; 9:9-21; 10:5,11; 37:12 Ho 8:8,9 * Ho 9:3 Am 5:1-3,6,25-27 Ac 7:43 - Halah. It is thought, with much probability, that Halah, or Chalach, is Ptolemy's Calachene, the northern part of Assyria; that Habor, or Chabor, is the mountain or mountainous country, between Media and Assyria, called by Ptolemy, [ ,] Chaboras; and that Gozan is Gauzanitis of Ptolemy, situated between that mountain and the Caspian sea, and between the two channels of the river Cyrus. VERSE 12 - they obeyed not. * 2Ki 17:7-23 De 8:20; 11:28; 29:24-28; 31:17 Ne 9:17,26,27 Ps 107:17 * Isa 1:19 Jer 3:8; 7:23 Da 9:6-11 Mic 3:4 2Th 1:8 1Pe 2:8; 4:17 - Moses. * Nu 12:7 De 34:5 Jos 1:1 2Ti 2:24 Heb 3:5,6 VERSE 13 - A.M. 3291. B.C. 713. the fourteenth. * 2Ch 32:1-23 Isa 36:1-22 - Sennacherib. Heb. Sanherib. come up. * Isa 7:17-25; 8:7,8; 10:5 Ho 12:1,2 VERSE 14 - I have offended. * :7 1Ki 20:4 Pr 29:25 Lu 14:32 VERSE 15 * 2Ki 12:18; 16:8 1Ki 15:15,18,19 2Ch 16:2 VERSE 16 - gold. * 1Ki 6:31-35 2Ch 29:3 - it. Heb. them. VERSE 17 - A.M. 3294. B.C. 710. the king. * 2Ch 32:9 Isa 20:1; 36:2 - Tartan. Calmet remarks, that these are not the names of persons, but of offices: {Tartan} signifies "he who presides over gifts or tribute;" {Rabsaris,} "the chief of the eunuchs;" and {Rabshakeh,} "the chief cup-bearer." - great. Heb. heavy. the conduit of the upper pool. If the Fuller's field were near En-Rogel, or the Fuller's fountain, east of Jerusalem, as is generally supposed, then the conduit of the upper pool may been an aqueduct that brought the water from the upper or eastern reservoir of that fountain, which had been seized in order to distress the city. * 2Ki 20:20 Isa 7:3; 22:9-11; 36:2 VERSE 18 - Eliakim. * 2Ki 19:2 Isa 22:20-24; 36:3,22; 37:2 - Shebna. * Isa 22:15-19 - the scribe. or, secretary. * 2Sa 8:17 *marg: - the recorder. * 2Sa 8:16; 20:24 1Ki 4:3 2Ch 34:8 VERSE 19 - Rab-shakeh. He was the chief speaker, being a very eloquent man, and, according to the Hebrews, whom Procopius follows, an apostate Jew; which is not improbable, as he spoke Hebrew so fluently; and when he blasphemed the Divine Majesty, the king and nobles rent their clothes, which was usual unless the blasphemer were an Israelite. - Thus saith. * 2Ch 32:10 Isa 10:8-14; 36:4; 37:13 Da 4:30 - What confidence. * :22,29,30; 19:10 2Ch 32:7,8,10,11,14-16 Ps 4:2 Isa 36:4,7; 37:10 VERSE 20 - sayest. or, talkest. vain words. Heb. word of the lips. I have counsel and strength for the war. or, but counsel and strength are for the war. * Pr 21:30,31 - rebellest. * :14 VERSE 21 - trustest. Heb. trustest thee. the staff. * Isa 36:6 Eze 29:6,7 - upon Egypt. * Isa 30:2,7; 31:1-3 - so is Pharaoh. * 2Ki 17:4 Jer 46:17 VERSE 22 - We trust. * :5 Da 3:15 Mt 27:43 - whose high places. * :4 2Ch 31:1; 32:12 Isa 36:7 1Co 2:15 VERSE 23 - pledges. Heb. hostages. - I will deliver. * 1Sa 17:42,44 1Ki 20:10,18 Ne 4:2-5 Ps 123:3,4 Isa 10:13,14 * Isa 36:8,9 VERSE 24 - How then. * Isa 10:8 Da 2:37,38; 4:22,37 - thy trust. * :21 - See on * De 17:16 Isa 31:1,3; 36:6,9 Jer 37:7; 42:14-18 Eze 17:15,17 - chariots. * Ps 20:7,8 VERSE 25 - Am I now. * 2Ki 19:6,22-37 1Ki 13:18 2Ch 35:21 Isa 10:5,6 Am 3:6 Joh 19:10,11 VERSE 26 - Speak. Perceiving that the object of this blasphemous caitiff was to stir up the people to sedition, they mildly and reasonably required him to make his proposals in the Syrian language. - in the Syrian language. * Ezr 4:7 Isa 36:11,12 Da 2:4 VERSE 27 - eat. * 2Ki 6:25 De 28:53-57 Ps 73:8 La 4:5 Eze 4:13,15 - their own piss. Heb. the water of their feet. VERSE 28 - Rab-shakeh. * 2Ch 32:18 Isa 36:13-18 - the king of Assyria. * :19 Ezr 7:12 Ps 47:2 Isa 10:8-13 Eze 29:3; 31:3-10 Re 19:6 VERSE 29 - saith. * Ps 73:8,9 - Let not. * 2Ch 32:11,15 Da 3:15-17; 6:16 Joh 19:10,11 2Th 2:4,8 VERSE 30 - make you. * :22 * 2Ki 19:10,22 Ps 4:2; 11:1; 22:7,8; 71:9,11; 125:1,2 Mt 27:43 Lu 23:35 - this city. * 2Ki 19:32-34 VERSE 31 - Make an agreement with me. or, Seek my favor. Heb. Make with me a blessing. * Ge 32:20; 33:11 Pr 18:16 - eat ye. * 1Ki 4:20,25 Zec 3:10 - cistern. or, pit. VERSE 32 - I come. * :11; 17:6,23; 24:14-16; 25:11 - like your own. * Ex 3:8 Nu 13:26,27; 14:8 De 8:7-9; 11:12; 32:13,14 - persuadeth. or, deceiveth. * :29 VERSE 33 - Hath any. * 2Ki 19:12,13,17,18 2Ch 32:14-17,19 Isa 10:10; 36:18-20 VERSE 34 - the gods. * 2Ki 19:13 Nu 13:21 2Sa 8:9 Jer 49:23 - Hamath. Hamath, there is little doubt, was the Epiphania of the Greeks, as Josephus, Theodoret, and Jerome, expressly assert. It was a celebrated city of Syria, situated on the Orontes, and the present Hamah doubtless occupies its site; as Abulfeda, who was prince or emir of Hamah about A.D. 1345, expressly states, in his Description of Syria, that Hamah is an ancient city mentioned in the writings of the Israelites. It is still a considerable town, situated on both sides of the Orontes, about three days' journey and a half from Tripoli; and must contain, Burckhardt says, at least 30,000 inhabitants. - Arpad. Arpad is probably the town of Arphas, mentioned by Josephus as limiting the province of Gamalitis, Gaulanitis, Batanea, and Trachonitis, to the N.E.; and the Raphan, or Raphanea, which Stephanus places near Epiphania. - the gods. * 2Ki 17:24-33 - Ava. * Isa 36:18,19; 37:11,12,18,19 - have they delivered. * 2Ki 17:6,23,24,30,31; 19:12,13 VERSE 35 - Who are. * 2Ki 19:17 Da 3:15 - that the Lord. * Ex 5:2 2Ch 32:15 Job 15:25,26 Isa 10:15; 37:23-29 VERSE 36 - held their peace. * Ps 38:13,14; 39:1 Pr 9:7; 26:4 Am 5:13 Mt 7:6 VERSE 37 - with their clothes rent. * 2Ki 5:7; 22:11,19 Ge 37:29,34 Job 1:20 Isa 33:7; 36:21,22 Jer 36:24 * Mt 26:65 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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