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    ACTS 27

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    1 Paul shipping towards Rome, 10 foretells of the danger of the voyage, 11 but is not believed. 14 They are tossed to and fro with storm; 41 and suffer shipwreck; 44 yet all come safe to land. VERSE 1 - when. * Ac 19:21; 23:11; 25:12,25 Ge 50:20 Ps 33:11; 76:10 Pr 19:21 La 3:27 * Da 4:35 Ro 15:22-29 - Italy. Italy is a well-known country of Europe, bounded by the Adriatic or Venetian Gulf on the east, the Tyrrhene or Tuscan Sea on the west, and by the Alps on the north. * Ac 10:1; 18:2 Heb 13:24 - a centurion. * :11,43; 10:22; 21:32; 22:26; 23:17; 24:23; 28:16 Mt 8:5-10; 27:54 * Lu 7:2; 23:47 - Augustus'. * Ac 25:25 VERSE 2 - Adramyttium. Adramyttium, now Adramyti, was a maritime city of Mysia in Asia Minor, seated at the foot of Mount Ida, on a gulf of the same name, opposite the island of Lesbos. - we. * Ac 21:1 Lu 8:22 - to sail. * Ac 20:15,16; 21:1-3 - Aristarchus. * Ac 19:19; 20:4 Col 4:10 Phm 24 1:24 - with us. * Ac 16:10-13,17; 20:5; 21:5; 28:2,10,12,16 VERSE 3 - Sidon. * Ac 12:20 Ge 10:15; 49:13 Isa 23:2-4,12 Zec 9:2 - Julius. * Ac 24:23; 27:1,3; 28:16 VERSE 4 - Cyprus. * Ac 4:36; 11:19,20; 13:4; 15:39; 21:3,16 - the winds. * Mt 14:24 Mr 6:48 VERSE 5 - Cilicia. * Ac 6:9; 15:23,41; 21:39; 22:3 Ga 1:21 - Pamphylia. * Ac 2:10; 13:13; 15:38 - Myra. Myra was a city of Lycia, situated on a hill, twenty stadia from the sea. VERSE 6 - the centurion. * :1 - Alexandria. Alexandria, now Scanderoon, was a celebrated city and port of Egypt, built by Alexander the Great, situated on the Mediterranean and the lake Moeris, opposite the island of Pharos, and about twelve miles from the western branch of the Nile. * Ac 6:9; 18:24; 28:11 VERSE 7 - Cnidus. Cnidus was a town and promontory of Caria in Asia Minor, opposite Crete, now Cape Krio. - we sailed. * :12,13,21; 2:11 Tit 1:5,12 - under. * :4 - Crete, or, Candy. Crete, now Candy, is a large island in the Mediterranean, 250 miles in length, 50 in breadth, and 600 in circumference, lying at the entrance of the Aegean sea. - Salmone. Salmone, now Salamina, was a city and cape on the east of the island of Crete. VERSE 8 - The fair havens. The Fair Havens, still known by the same name, was a port on the south-eastern part of Crete, near Lasea, of which nothing now remains. * :8 VERSE 9 - the fast. 'The fast was on the tenth day of the seventh month.' * Le 16:29; 23:27-29 Nu 29:7 VERSE 10 - I perceive. * :21-26,31,34 Ge 41:16-25,38,39 2Ki 6:9,10 Ps 25:14 Da 2:30 * Am 3:7 - damage, or, injury. * :20,41-44 1Pe 4:18 VERSE 11 - believed. * :21 Ex 9:20,21 2Ki 6:10 Pr 27:12 Eze 3:17,18; 33:4 Heb 11:7 VERSE 12 - the haven. * :8 Ps 107:30 - Phenice. Phenice, was a sea-port on the western side of Crete; probably defended from the fury of the winds by a high and winding shore, forming a semicircle, and perhaps by some small island in front; leaving two openings, one towards the south-west, and the other towards the north-west. - Crete. * :7 VERSE 13 - the south. * Job 37:17 Ps 78:26 So 4:16 Lu 12:55 - loosing. * :21 VERSE 14 - not. * Ex 14:21-27 Jon 1:3-5 - arose, or beat. a stormuous. * Ps 107:25-27 Eze 27:26 Mt 8:24 Mr 4:37 - Euroclydon. Probably, as Dr. Shaw supposes, one of those stormuous winds called levanters, which blow in all directions, from N.E. round by E. to S.E. VERSE 15 - we. * :27 Jas 4 3:4 VERSE 16 - Clauda. Clauda, called Cauda and Gaudos by Mela and Pliny, and Claudos by Ptolemy, and now Gozo, according to Dr. Shaw, is a small island, situated at the south-western extremity of the island of Crete. * :16 VERSE 17 - fearing. * :29,41 VERSE 18 - being. * Ps 107:27 - the next. * :19,38 Jon 1:5 Mt 16:26 Lu 16:8 Php 3:7,8 Heb 12:1 VERSE 19 - we. * Job 2:4 Jon 1:5 Mr 8:35-37 Lu 9:24,25 VERSE 20 - neither. * Ex 10:21-23 Ps 105:28 Mt 24:29 - and no. * Ps 107:25-27 Jon 1:4,11-14 Mt 8:24,25 2Co 11:25 - all. * Isa 57:10 Jer 2:25 Eze 37:11 Eph 2:12 1Th 4:13 VERSE 21 - after. * :33-35 Ps 107:5,6 - ye should. * :9,10 Ge 42:22 - not. * :13 VERSE 22 - I exhort. * :25,36; 23:11 1Sa 30:6 Ezr 10:2 Job 22:29,30 Ps 112:7 Isa 43:1,2 * 2Co 1:4-6; 4:8,9 - for. * :31,34,44 Job 2:4 VERSE 23 - there. * Ac 5:19; 12:8-11,23; 23:11 Da 6:22 Heb 1:14 Re 22:16 - whose. * Ex 19:5 De 32:9 Ps 135:4 So 2:16; 6:3 Isa 44:5 Jer 31:33; 32:38 * Eze 36:38 Zec 13:9 Mal 3:17 Joh 17:9,10 1Co 6:20 Tit 2:14 * 1Pe 2:9,10 - and. * Ac 16:17 Ps 116:16; 143:12 Isa 44:21 Da 3:17,26,28; 6:16,20 * Joh 12:26 Ro 1:1,9; 6:22 2Ti 1:3; 2:24 Tit 1:1 VERSE 24 - Fear not. * Ac 18:9,10 Ge 15:1; 46:3 1Ki 17:13 2Ki 6:16 Isa 41:10-14; 43:1-5 * Mt 10:28 Re 1:17 - thou. * Ac 9:15; 19:21; 23:11; 25:11 Mt 10:18 Joh 11:9 2Ti 4:16,17 Re 11:5-7 - lo. * :37 Ge 12:2; 18:23-32; 19:21,22,29; 30:27; 39:5,23 Isa 58:11,12 * Mic 5:7 Jas 16 5:16 VERSE 25 - I believe. * :11,21 Nu 23:19 2Ch 20:20 Lu 1:45 Ro 4:20,21 2Ti 1:12 VERSE 26 - a certain. * Ac 28:1 VERSE 27 - the fourteenth. * :18-20 - Adria. Adria strictly speaking, was the name of the Adriatic gulf, now the Gulf of Venice, an arm of the Mediterranean, about 400 miles long and 140 broad, stretching along the eastern shores of Italy on one side, and Dalmatia, Sclavonia, and Macedonia on the other. But the term Adria was extended far beyond the limits of this gulf, and appears to have been given to an indeterminate extent of sea, as we say, generally, the Levant. It is observable, that the sacred historian does not say 'in the Adriatic gulf,' but 'in Adria,' (that is, the Adriatic sea, [Adrias <99>] being understood;) which, says Hesychius, was the same as the Ionian sea; and Strabo says that the Ionian gulf 'is a part of that now called the Adriatic.' But not only the Ionian, but even the Sicilian sea, and part of that which washes Crete, were called the Adriatic. Thus the scholiast on Dionysius Periegetis says, 'they call this Sicilian sea Adria.' And Ptolemy says that Sicily was bounded on the east by the Adriatic, [hupo <5259> Adrias <99>,] and that Crete was bounded on the west by the Adriatic sea, [hupo <5259> tou <5120> Adriatikos pelagos <3989>.] - the shipmen. * :30 1Ki 9:27 Jon 1:6 Re 18:17 VERSE 28 VERSE 29 - fallen. * :17,41 - anchors. * :30,40 Heb 6:19 - and wished. * De 28:67 Ps 130:6 VERSE 30 - the boat. * :16,32 - foreship. * :41 VERSE 31 - said. * :11,21,42,43 - Except. * :22-24 Ps 91:11,12 Jer 29:11-13 Eze 36:36,37 Lu 1:34,35; 4:9-12 * Joh 6:37 2Th 2:13,14 VERSE 32 * Lu 16:8 Php 3:7-9 VERSE 33 - while. * :29 - This. * :27 VERSE 34 - for this. * Mt 15:32 Mr 8:2,3 Php 2:5 1Ti 5:23 - for there. * 1Ki 1:52 Mt 10:30 Lu 12:7; 21:18 VERSE 35 - and gave. * Ac 2:46,47 1Sa 9:13 Mt 15:36 Mr 8:6 Lu 24:30 Joh 6:11,23 Ro 14:6 * 1Co 10:30,31 1Ti 4:3,4 - in. * Ps 119:46 Ro 1:16 2Ti 1:8,12 1Pe 4:16 VERSE 36 - they all. * Ps 27:14 2Co 1:4-6 VERSE 37 - two. * :24 - souls. * Ac 2:41; 7:14 Ro 13:1 1Pe 3:20 VERSE 38 - they lightened. * :18,19 Job 2:4 Jon 1:5 Mt 6:25; 16:26 Heb 12:1 - The wheat. The Romans imported corn from Egypt, by way of Alexandria, to which this ship belonged; for a curious account of which see Bryant's treatise on the Euroclydon. VERSE 39 VERSE 40 - taken up, etc. or, cut the anchors, they left them in the sea, etc. ver. * :29,30 - the rudder bands. Or, 'the bands of the rudders;' for large vessels in ancient times had two or more rudders, which were fastened to the ship by means of bands, or chains, by which they were hoisted out of the water when incapable of being used. These bands being loosed, the rudders would fall into their proper places, and serve to steer the vessel into the creek, which they had in view, and hoisted. * Isa 33:23 VERSE 41 - they ran. * :17,26-29 2Co 11:25 - broken. * 1Ki 22:48 2Ch 20:37 Eze 27:26,34 2Co 11:25,26 VERSE 42 * Ps 74:20 Pr 12:10 Ec 9:3 Mr 15:15-20 Lu 23:40,41 VERSE 43 - willing. * :3,11,31; 23:10,24 Pr 16:7 2Co 11:25 VERSE 44 - that. * :22,24 Ps 107:28-30 Am 9:9 Joh 6:39,40 2Co 1:8-10 1Pe 4:18 - land. Melita, now Malta, the island on which Paul and his companions were cast, is situate in the Mediterranean sea, about fifty miles from the coast of Sicily, towards Africa; and is one immense rock of soft white free-stone, twenty miles long, twelve in its greatest breadth, and sixty in circumference. Some, however, with the learned Jacob Bryant, are of opinion that this island was Melita in the Adriatic gulf, near Illyricum; but it may be sufficient to observe, that the course of the Alexandrian ship, first to Syracuse and then to Rhegium, proves that it was the present Malta, as the proper course from the Illyrian Melita would have been first to Rhegium, before it reached Syracuse, to which indeed it need not have gone at all. GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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