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    DANIEL 11

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    1 The overthrow of Persia by the king of Grecia. 5 Leagues and conflicts between the kings of the south and of the north. 30 The invasion and tyranny of the Romans. VERSE 1 - in the. See on ch. * Da 5:31; 9:1 - to confirm. * Da 10:18 Ac 14:22 VERSE 2 - will I. * Da 8:26; 10:1,21 Pr 22:21 Am 3:7 Joh 10:35; 18:37,38 Re 21:5 - three. These were, Cambyses, son of Cyrus; Smerdis the Magian imposter; and Darius Hystaspes. * Ezr 4:5,6 - far. * Ps 73:6,7 - stir. Herodotus says the army of Xerxes consisted of 5,283,220 men, besides the Carthaginians, consisting of 300,000 men, and 200 ships. * :25; 7:5; 8:4 VERSE 3 - a mighty. Alexander the Great, whose kingdom after his death, as we have seen, was divided into four parts. * Da 7:6; 8:5-8,21 - do. * :16,36; 4:35; 5:19; 8:4-14 Eph 1:11 Heb 2:4 Jas 1:18 VERSE 4 - he shall stand. * Job 20:5-7 Ps 37:35,36; 49:6-12; 73:17-20 Lu 12:20 - and shall be. * Da 7:6; 8:8,22 Ps 39:6 Ec 2:18,19; 4:8 Mt 12:25 - be plucked. * Da 7:8 Jer 12:15,17; 18:7; 31:40; 45:4 VERSE 5 - the king. Ptolemy Lagus, king of Egypt, Cyrene, etc. * :8,9,11,14,25,40 - and one. * :3,4 - he shall. Seleucus Nicator, who had Syria, etc., to which he added Macedonia and Thrace. VERSE 6 - the end. * :13 Eze 38:8,9 - join themselves. Heb. associate themselves. for the king's. After many wars between Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, and Antiochus Theos, king of Syria, they agreed to make peace, on condition that the latter should put away his wife Laodice, and her sons, and marry Berenice, Ptolemy's daughter. - king. * :7,13,15,40 - an agreement. Heb. rights. retain. * Job 38:15 Ps 10:5 Eze 30:21 Zec 11:16 - she shall be. Antiochus recalled Laodice, who, fearing another change, caused him to be poisoned, and Berenice and her son to be murdered, and set her son Callinicus on the throne. - he that begat her. or, whom she brought forth. he that strengthened. Her father Ptolemy, who died a few years before. VERSE 7 - out of. * Job 14:7 Isa 9:14; 11:1 Jer 12:2 Mal 4:1 - one stand. Ptolemy Euergetes, who, to avenge his sister's death, marched with a great army against Callinicus, took all Asia from mount Taurus to India, and returned to Egypt with an immense booty. * :20 Ps 49:10-13; 109:8 Lu 12:20 - in his estate. or, in his place, or office. * :20 - and shall prevail. * Ps 55:23 Eze 17:18 VERSE 8 - their gods. * Ge 31:30 Ex 12:12 Nu 33:4 De 12:3 Jud 18:24 Isa 37:19; 46:1,2 * Jer 43:12,13; 46:25 Ho 8:6; 10:5,6 - their precious vessels. Heb. vessels of their desire. * Da 1:2,3; 10:3 Isa 2:16 Ho 13:15 - he shall continue. Callinicus died an exile, and Euergetes survived him four or five years. VERSE 9 VERSE 10 - his sons. Seleucus Ceraunus and Antiochus the Great, sons of Callinicus. But the former being poisoned, the latter was proclaimed king, retook Seleucia and Syria, and then, after a truce, returned and overcame the Egyptian forces. - be stirred up. or, war. overflow. * :22,40; 9:26 Isa 8:7,8 Jer 46:7,8; 51:42 - then shall he return, and be stirred up. or, then shall he be stirred up again. to his. * :7,39 Isa 25:12 VERSE 11 - the king of the south. * :5,9 - moved. * :44; 8:7 Ps 76:10 - the multitude. * :10; 2:38 1Ki 20:13,28 Ps 33:16,17 Ec 9:11,12 Jer 27:6 VERSE 12 - his heart. * Da 5:19,20,23; 8:25 De 8:14 2Ki 14:10 2Ch 25:19; 26:16; 32:25 * Pr 16:18 Isa 10:7-12 Eze 28:2,5,17 Hab 2:4-6 Ac 12:22,23 * 1Ti 3:6 1Pe 5:5 VERSE 13 - the king. See on ver. * :6,7 - after certain years. Heb. at the end of times, even years. * Da 4:16; 12:7 VERSE 14 - robbers of thy people. Heb. children of robbers. exalt. * Ac 4:25-28 Re 17:17 VERSE 15 - cast up. * Jer 5:10; 6:6; 33:4; 52:4 Eze 17:17 - most fenced cities. Heb. city of munitions. After fourteen years, Ptolemy Philopater having been succeeded by Ptolemy Epiphanes, then a minor, Antiochus raised a greater army than before, and having defeated his best troops under Scopas, recovered possession of Caelo-Syria and Palestine, with all their fortified cities. - shall not. * :6; 8:7 Jos 1:5 Pr 21:30,31 - his chosen people. Heb. the people of his choices. VERSE 16 - shall do. * :3,36; 8:4,7 - glorious land. or, goodly land. * :41,45; 8:9 Isa 8:8 - Heb. land of ornament. * Jer 3:19 *marg: VERSE 17 - He shall also. Being assisted by the Jews, he purposed to subdue Egypt; but, entering into treaty with Ptolemy, he gave him his daughter Cleopatra in marriage, thinking to engage her to betray the interests of her husband; but in which he was deceived - set. * :19 2Ki 12:17 2Ch 20:3 Pr 19:21 Eze 4:3,7; 25:2 Lu 9:51 - upright ones. or, much uprightness, or, equal conditions. corrupting. Heb. to corrupt. neither. * Da 9:26 Ps 56:9 Eze 17:17 Mt 12:30 Lu 11:23 Ro 8:31 VERSE 18 - he turn. He subdued most of the maritime places and isles of the Mediterranean; but, being driven from Europe by the Roman consuls, he took refuge in Antioch; and, in order to raise the tribute they impressed upon him, he attempted to rob the temple of Elyma‹s, and was there slain. - the isles. * Ge 10:4,5 Jer 2:10; 31:10 Eze 27:6 Zep 2:11 - for his own behalf. Heb. for him. the reproach. Heb. his reproach. he shall cause. * Jud 1:7 Ho 12:14 Mt 7:2 VERSE 19 - but. From the preceding verses in this chapter let us learn, 1. That God, in his providence, sets up one and pulls down another, as he pleases. 2. That this world is full of wars and fightings, which result from the indulgence of the lusts of men. 3. That all the changes and revolutions of states were plainly and perfectly foreseen by the God of heaven. 4. That no word of God can fall to the ground, but what he has declared shall infallibly come to pass. For the elucidation of the historical parts of Scripture, it is advantageous to notice the writings of heathen authors: light is thus thrown on many passages of Holy Writ, by shewing the accomplishment of the prophecies therein contained, or customs elucidated, which, in the course of years, or in our more northern latitude, would be to us inexplicable. We have therefore reason to bless God for human learning, by which many have done great service to the readers of His blessed word. * Job 20:8 Ps 27:2; 37:36 Jer 46:6 Eze 26:21 VERSE 20 - estate. or, place. * :7,21 *marg: - a raiser of taxes in the. Heb. one that causeth an exactor to pass over the, etc. Seleucus Philopater, who levied on his subjects the tribute imposed on his father, and was poisoned by his treasurer Heliodorus. * De 15:2,3 2Ki 23:35 - anger. Heb. angers. * Pr 30:33 VERSE 21 - estate. or, place. * :7,20 - shall stand. * Da 7:8; 8:9,23,25 - a vile person. Antiochus Epiphanes, called also {Epimanes,} or madman, for his despicable conduct. * 1Sa 3:13 Ps 12:8; 15:4 Isa 32:5 Na 1:14 - by flatteries. * :32,34 Jud 9:1-20 2Sa 15:2-6 Ps 55:21 VERSE 22 - with. * :10; 9:26 Isa 8:7,8 Am 8:8; 9:5 Na 1:8 Re 12:15,16 - also. * Da 8:10,11,25 VERSE 23 - work. * Da 8:25 Ge 34:13 Ps 52:2 Pr 11:18 Eze 17:13-19 Ro 1:29 2Co 11:3 * 2Th 2:9 VERSE 24 - peaceably even upon the fattest. or, into the peaceable and fat, etc. he shall scatter. * Jud 9:4 Pr 17:8; 19:6 - forecast his devices. Heb. think his thoughts. * Da 7:25 Pr 23:7 Eze 38:10 Mt 9:4 VERSE 25 - stir up. * :2,10 Pr 15:18; 28:25 - the south with. Antiochus defeated the army of Ptolemy Philometor, and in the next campaign made himself master of all Egypt, except Alexandria. While they had frequent conferences at the same table, they spoke lies to each other; and the former returned to Syria laden with riches. VERSE 26 - that feed. * 2Sa 4:2-12 2Ki 8:14; 10:6-9 Ps 41:9 Mic 7:5,6 Mt 26:23 Mr 14:20 * Joh 13:18 - overflow. * :10,22 VERSE 27 - hearts. Heb. their hearts. shall be to. * 2Sa 13:26 Ps 12:2; 52:1; 58:2; 64:6 Pr 12:20; 23:6-8; 26:23 - speak lies. * Ps 62:9 Jer 9:3-5; 41:1-3 - but. * Pr 19:21 Eze 17:9 - yet. * :29,35,40; 8:19; 10:1 Hab 2:3 Ac 1:7; 17:31 1Th 5:1 VERSE 28 - the holy. The Jews having rejoiced at a report of his death, he took Jerusalem, and slew 40,000 of the inhabitants, and polluted the temple. - See on ver. * :22,30-32; 8:24 Ac 3:25 VERSE 29 - time. * Da 8:19; 10:1 Isa 14:31 Ac 17:26 Ga 4:2 - as the former. * :23,25 VERSE 30 - the ships. He was compelled to retire from Egypt by Roman ambassadors. * Ge 10:4 Nu 24:24 1Ch 1:7 Isa 23:1,12 Jer 2:10 Eze 27:6 - and have indignation. * :28; 7:25 Re 12:12 - have intelligence. * Ne 6:12 Mt 24:10 VERSE 31 - arms. * Da 8:24 Re 17:12 - they shall pollute. * Da 8:11; 12:11 La 1:10; 2:7 Eze 7:20,21; 9:7; 24:21,22 - shall take. * Da 8:12,13,26; 9:27 - the abomination. * Da 8:13; 9:27; 12:11 Mt 24:15 Mr 13:14 Lu 21:20 - maketh desolate. or, astonisheth. * Ac 13:40,41 VERSE 32 - shall be. * Pr 19:5; 26:28 - corrupt. or, cause to dissemble. * 2Th 2:9-12 Re 13:12-15 - the people. * 1Ch 28:9 Ps 9:10 Jer 31:34 Joh 17:3 2Co 4:3-6 1Jo 2:3,4; 5:20 - shall be. * Mic 5:7-9; 7:15-17 Zec 9:13-16; 10:3-6,12; 12:3-7; 14:1-4 Mal 4:2 * 2Ti 2:1-3 Heb 10:32,33 Re 6:11; 7:9,10; 12:7-11 VERSE 33 - understand. * Da 12:3,4,10 Isa 32:3,4 Zec 8:20-23 Mal 2:7 Mt 13:11,51,52; 28:20 * Lu 24:44-47 Ac 4:2-4; 11:26; 14:21 2Ti 2:24,25 - yet. * Mt 10:21; 20:23; 24:9 Joh 16:2 Ac 12:2,3 1Co 4:9 2Ti 1:12; 4:6 * Heb 11:34 Re 1:9; 2:13; 6:9; 7:14; 13:7-10; 17:6 VERSE 34 - they shall be. * Re 12:2-6,13-17; 13:1-4 - cleave. * Mt 7:15 Ac 20:29,30 Ro 16:18 2Co 11:13-15 Ga 2:4 1Ti 4:1,2 * 2Ti 3:1-7; 4:3 Tit 1:11 2Pe 2:1-3,18,19 1Jo 2:18,19; 4:1,5 * 2Jo 1:7 Jude 1:4 Re 2:20; 13:11-14 VERSE 35 - some. * :33; 8:10 Mt 16:17; 26:56,69-75 Joh 20:25 Ac 13:13; 15:37-39 - to try. * Da 12:10 De 8:2,3,16 2Ch 32:31 Pr 17:3 Zec 13:9 Mal 3:2-4; 4:1-3 * Jas 1:2 1Pe 1:6,7 Re 2:10 - them. or, by them. even. * :29,40; 8:17,19; 9:27; 10:1; 12:4,11 Hab 2:3 Re 14:15; 17:17 VERSE 36 - do. See on ver. * :16; 8:4 Joh 5:30; 6:38 - and he. The preceding verses (from ver. 31) relate to the Romans, who not only destroyed the city and temple of Jerusalem, and crucified the Messiah, but during almost 300 years sought by every means to extirpate Christianity. The conversion of Constantine, though it stopped the rage of persecution, gave but little help to true religion. The power first exercised by the emperors, in calling and influencing ecclesiastical councils, gradually passed into the hands of the clergy; and the bishop and church of Rome at last carried it to an enormous length, magnifying themselves above every god. - exalt. * Da 7:8,20,25 Isa 14:13 2Th 2:4 Re 13:5; 17:3 - speak. See on ch. * Da 8:11,24,25 - the God. * Da 2:47 De 10:17 Jos 22:22 Ps 136:2 - till. * Da 7:20-25; 8:19; 12:7,11-13 Re 11:2,3; 12:14; 13:5 - for. * Da 4:35; 9:26 Job 23:13,14 Ps 33:10 Pr 19:21 Isa 46:10 Ac 4:28 * Re 10:7; 17:17 VERSE 37 - the desire. * Ge 3:16 De 5:21; 21:11 So 7:10 Eze 24:16 1Ti 4:3 - regard. * Ge 3:5 Isa 14:13 2Th 2:4 VERSE 38 - But in his estate. or, But in his stead. Heb. But as for the almighty God, in his seat shall be honor, yea, he shall honor a god whom, etc. * 1Ti 4:1 - forces. or, munitions. Heb. {Mauzzim,} or, gods protectors. Saints and angels, who were invoked as intercessors and protectors, had miracles ascribed to them, their relics worshipped, and their shrines and images adorned with costly offerings. - a god. * Re 13:12-17; 17:1-5; 18:12 - pleasant things. Heb. things desired. * Isa 44:9 VERSE 39 - most strong holds. Heb. fortresses of munitions. gain. Heb. a price. * Re 18:9-13 VERSE 40 - at the. * :35; 8:17; 12:4 - the king of the south. The Saracens. * :5,6 Eze 38:14-18 - the king of the north. The Turks. like. * Isa 5:28; 21:1; 66:15 Jer 4:13 Zec 9:14 - with horsemen. * Eze 38:4,15 Re 9:16; 16:12 - overflow. See on ver. * :10,22 VERSE 41 - enter. * :45 Eze 38:8-13 - glorious land. or, goodly land. * :16 - Heb. land of delight, or, ornament. even. * Isa 11:13-15 Jer 9:26; 48:47; 49:6 VERSE 42 - stretch forth. Heb. send forth. and. * Eze 29:14 Zec 10:10,11; 14:17 Re 11:8 VERSE 43 - the Libyans. * Jer 46:9,10 Eze 38:5 - at his. * Ex 11:8 Jud 4:10 VERSE 44 - east. * :11,30 Eze 38:9-12 Re 16:12; 17:13; 19:19-21 VERSE 45 - between. * Joe 2:20 Zec 14:8 - in the. * :16,41 Ps 48:2 Isa 2:2; 14:13 Mic 4:2 2Th 2:4 - glorious holy mountain. or, goodly. Heb. mountain of delight of holiness. he shall come. * Da 2:35; 7:26; 8:25 Eze 38:22,23; 39:2 2Th 2:8 Re 13:10; 14:14-20 * Re 19:19-21; 20:2,9 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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