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    DEUTERONOMY 20

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    1 The priest's exhortation to encourage the people to battle. 5 The officers' proclamation of who are to be dismissed from the war. 10 How to use the cities that accept or refuse the proclamation of peace. 16 What cities must be devoted. 19 Trees of man's meat must not be destroyed in the siege. VERSE 1 - goest out. * De 3:21,22; 7:1 - horses. * Jos 10:5-8; 11:4-6,9 Jud 4:3-9 2Ch 14:11; 20:12 Ps 20:7 * Ps 33:16,17 Isa 31:1; 37:24,25 - the Lord. * De 2:7; 31:6,8 Ge 26:3 Nu 23:21 Jos 1:5,9 Jud 6:12 2Ch 32:7,8 * Ps 46:7,11; 118:6 Isa 7:14; 8:9,10; 43:2 Ro 8:31 VERSE 2 * Nu 10:8,9; 31:6 Jud 20:27,28 1Sa 14:18; 30:7,8 2Ch 13:12 VERSE 3 - let not. * Ps 27:1-3 Isa 35:3,4; 41:10-14 Mt 10:16,28,31 Eph 6:11-18 * 1Th 5:15 Heb 12:12,13 Re 2:10 - faint. Heb. be tender. tremble. Heb. make haste. * Isa 28:16 - be ye terrified. * Ps 3:6 Isa 8:12,13; 57:7,8 Mt 8:26 Mr 16:6,18 Ac 18:9,10; 27:24 * 1Ti 6:12 Heb 13:6 VERSE 4 - to fight. * De 1:30; 3:22; 11:25; 32:30 Ex 14:14 Jos 10:42; 23:10 2Ch 13:12 * 2Ch 32:7,8 Ps 144:1,2 Ro 8:37 VERSE 5 - the officers. * De 1:15; 16:18 Nu 31:14,48 1Sa 17:18 - dedicated. * Ne 12:27 Ps 30:1 *title VERSE 6 - eaten of it. Heb. made it common. * De 28:1-20 30:20 Le 19:23-25 Jer 31:5 - lest he die. * Isa 65:22 Zep 1:13 VERSE 7 - betrothed a wife. It was customary among the Jews to contract matrimony, espouse, or betroth, and for a considerable time to leave the parties in the houses of the respective parents; and when the bridegroom had made proper preparations, then the bride was brought home to his house, and the marriage consummated. The provisions in this verse refer to a case of this kind; though the Jews extend it to him who had newly consummated his marriage, and even to him who had married his brother's wife. It was deemed a peculiar hardship for a person to be obliged to go to battle, who had left a house unfinished, newly purchased land half tilled, or a wife with whom he had just contracted marriage. * De 22:23-25; 24:5 Mt 1:18 - lest he die. * De 28:30 Lu 14:18-20 2Ti 2:4 VERSE 8 - fearful. * De 1:28; 23:9 Jud 7:3 Lu 9:62 Ac 15:37,38 Re 3:16; 21:8 - lest his brethren's. * Nu 13:31-33; 14:1-3; 32:9 1Co 15:33 - faint. Heb. melt. * De 1:28 *marg: * Ex 15:15 VERSE 9 - to lead the people. Heb. to be in the head of the people. * :9 VERSE 10 - then proclaim. * 2Sa 20:18-22 Isa 57:19 Zec 9:10 Lu 10:5,6 Ac 10:36 * 2Co 5:18-21; 6:1 Eph 2:17 VERSE 11 - tributaries. * Le 25:42-46 Jos 9:22,23,27; 11:19,20; 16:10 Jud 1:28,30-35 * 1Ki 9:21,22 Ps 120:7 Lu 19:14 VERSE 12 VERSE 13 - thou shalt smite. See on * Nu 31:7-9,17,18 1Ki 11:15,16 Ps 2:6-12; 21:8,9; 110:1 Lu 19:27 * 2Th 1:7-9 VERSE 14 - the women. * Nu 31:9,12,18,35-54 Jos 8:2; 11:14 2Ch 14:13-15; 20:25 Ps 68:12 * Ro 8:37 - take unto thyself. Heb. spoil. thou shalt eat. * Jos 22:8 VERSE 15 * :15 VERSE 16 * De 7:1-4,16 Nu 21:2,3,35; 33:52 Jos 6:17-21; 9:24,27; 10:28,40 * Jos 11:11,12,14 VERSE 17 - thou shalt. * Isa 34:5,6 Jer 48:10; 50:35-40 Eze 38:21-23 Re 19:18 - the Hittites. See on ch. * De 7:1 VERSE 18 * De 7:4,5; 12:30,31; 18:19 Ex 23:33 Jos 23:13 Jud 2:3 Ps 106:34-40 * 1Co 15:33 2Co 6:17 Eph 5:11 2Th 3:14 1Ti 6:5 2Ti 2:17,18 * Re 18:3-5 VERSE 19 - thou shalt not. * Mt 3:10; 7:15-20; 21:19 Lu 13:7-9 Joh 15:2-8 - for the tree, etc. or, for, O man, the tree of the field is to be employed in the siege. The original is exceedingly difficult. The LXX. has it, "Is the tree in the field a man, to enter the trench before thee?" The Latin Vulgate: "For it is a tree, and not a man, neither can it increase the number of those who war against thee;" Onkelos, "For the tree of the field is not as a man, that it should come against thee in the siege;" and to the same purpose the Arabic, Philo, and Josephus who say, "If trees could speak, they would cry out, that it is unjust that they, who were no cause of the war, should suffer the miseries of it." However rendered, the sense is sufficiently clear: and it is a merciful provision to spare all the fruit trees for the support of both the besieged and besiegers. * De 26:6 - to employ, etc. Heb. to go from before thee. VERSE 20 - thou shalt build. * De 1:28 2Ch 26:15 Ec 9:14 Isa 37:33 Jer 6:6; 33:4 Eze 17:17 - be subdued. Heb. come down. GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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