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    DEUTERONOMY 4

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    1 An exhortation to obedience. 41 Moses appoints the three cities of refuge on that side of Jordan. 44 Recapitulation. VERSE 1 - unto the statutes. Statutes, every thing that concerned morals and the rites and ceremonies of religion; judgments, all matters of civil right and wrong. * :8,45; 5:1; 6:1,2; 8:1; 11:1,32 Le 19:37; 20:8; 22:31 Ps 105:45 * Ps 119:4 Eze 11:20; 36:27; 37:24 Mt 28:20 Lu 1:6 Joh 15:14 - that ye may. * Le 18:5 Eze 20:11,21 Ro 10:5 VERSE 2 * De 12:32 Jos 1:7 Pr 30:6 Ec 12:13 Mt 5:18,43; 15:2-9 Mr 7:1-13 * Ga 3:15 Re 22:18,19 VERSE 3 - what the. * Nu 25:1-9; 31:16 Jos 22:17 Ps 106:28,29 Ho 9:10 - for all the men. It appears from this appeal, that the pestilence, as well as the sword of the civil officers, singled out the guilty persons and spared the rest. (Ps 91:6-8). The legislator, in order to deter the Jews from idolatry, alludes to this fact, but he notices no circumstance but one, which, though in the original narrative was not stated, was infinitely the most important to advert to on this occasion; but which no persons, but spectators of the fact, and perfectly acquainted with every individual concerned in it, could possibly feel the truth of. * Nu 26:64 VERSE 4 * De 10:20; 13:4 Jos 22:5; 23:8 Ru 1:14-17 Ps 63:8; 143:6-11 * Isa 26:20 Eze 9:4 Joh 6:67-69 Ac 11:23 Ro 12:9 Re 14:4; 20:4 VERSE 5 * :1 Pr 22:19,20 Mt 28:20 Ac 20:27 1Co 11:28; 15:3 1Th 4:1,2 * Heb 3:5 The people had been often ready to conclude that Moses taught them by his own authority; but at the close of his life he solemnly assured them that he had instructed them exactly as the Lord had commanded him, neither more, nor less, nor otherwise. This is a most express declaration that he was divinely inspired, and utterly incompatible with his integrity of character, if he was not. Scott. VERSE 6 - this is your. * Job 28:28 Ps 19:7; 111:10; 119:98-100 Pr 1:7; 14:8 Jer 8:9 * 2Ti 3:15 Jas 13 3:13 - Surely. * 1Ki 4:34; 10:6-9 Ps 99 119:99 Da 1:20; 4:9; 5:11-16 Zec 8:20-23 * Mal 3:12 VERSE 7 - what nation. * Nu 23:9,21 2Sa 7:23 Isa 43:4 - who hath. * De 5:26 Ps 46:1; 73:28; 145:18; 148:14 Isa 55:6 Eph 2:12-22 Jas 8 4:8 VERSE 8 * De 10:12,13 Ps 19:7-11; 119:86,96,127,128; 147:19,20 Ro 7:12-14 * 2Ti 3:16,17 VERSE 9 - keep thy soul. * :15,23 Pr 3:1,3; 4:20-23 Lu 8:18 Heb 2:3 Jas 2:22 - lest they. * Jos 1:18 Ps 119:11 Pr 3:1-3,21; 4:4; 7:1 Heb 2:1 Re 3:3 - teach them. * De 6:7; 11:19; 29:29; 31:19 Ge 18:19 Ex 13:8,9,14-16 Jos 4:6,7,21 * Ps 34:11-16; 71:18; 78:3-8 Pr 1:8; 4:1-13; 23:26 Isa 38:19 * Eph 6:4 VERSE 10 - the day. * De 5:2 Ex 19:9,16; 20:18 Heb 12:18,19,25 - fear me. * De 5:29 Ex 20:20 1Sa 12:24 Ec 12:13 Lu 1:50 Re 19:5 VERSE 11 - stood. * De 5:23 Ex 19:16-18; 20:18,19 - midst. Heb. heart. VERSE 12 - the Lord. * De 5:4,22 - no similitude. * :15 Nu 12:8 Isa 40:18 Col 1:15 - only ye heard a voice. Heb. save a voice. * :33,36 Ex 20:22 1Ki 19:12,13 Isa 30:21; 40:3,6 Mt 3:3,17; 17:5 * Joh 12:28-30 2Pe 1:17,18 VERSE 13 - And he. * De 5:1-21 Ex 19:5; 24:17,18 Heb 9:19,20 - ten. * De 10:4 Ex 34:28 - he wrote. * De 9:9-11; 10:1-5 Ex 24:12; 31:18; 34:28 2Co 3:7 Heb 9:4 VERSE 14 * Eze 21:1-49 23:49 Ps 105:44,45 VERSE 15 - Take ye. See on ver. * :9,23 Jos 23:11 1Ch 28:9,10 Ps 119:9 Pr 4:23,27 Jer 17:21 * Mal 2:15 - of similitude. See on ver. * :12 Isa 40:18 2Co 4:4-6 Heb 1:3 VERSE 16 - corrupt. * :8,9 Ex 20:4,5; 32:7 Ps 106:19,20 Ro 1:22-24 - the likeness. Such as Baal-peor, the Roman Priapus; Ashtaroth or Astarte, the Greek and Roman Venus, and many others. * :23 Isa 40:18 Joh 4:24 Ac 17:29; 20:4,5 1Ti 1:17 In these verses there is an evident allusion to the idolatrous worship in Egypt. Among the Egyptians, almost everything in nature was the object of their idolatry; among beasts were oxen, heifers, sheep, goats, lions, dogs, monkeys, and cats; among birds, the ibis, crane, and hawk; among reptiles, the crocodile, serpents, frogs, flies, and beetles; all the fish of the Nile, and the Nile itself; besides the sun, moon, planets, stars, fire, light, air, darkness, and night. These are all included in the very circumstantial prohibition in the text, and very forcibly in the general terms of Ex 20:4, the reason of which prohibition becomes self-evident, when the various objects of Egyptian idolatry are considered. VERSE 17 * Ro 1:23 VERSE 18 VERSE 19 - when thou. * De 17:3 2Ki 23:4,5,11 Job 31:26,27 Jer 8:2 Eze 8:16 Am 5:25,26 - the host. * Ge 2:1 2Ki 17:16; 21:3 Jer 19:13 Zep 1:5 Ac 7:42 Ro 1:25 - which the Lord. * Ge 1:16-18 Jos 10:12,13 Ne 9:6 Ps 74:16,17; 136:7-9; 148:3-5 * Jer 31:35; 33:25 Mt 5:45 - divided. or, imparted. VERSE 20 - the iron. * 1Ki 8:51 Jer 11:4 - a people. * De 9:26,29; 32:9 Ex 19:5,6 Ps 28:9; 33:12; 135:4 Isa 63:17,18 * Eph 1:18 Tit 2:14 1Pe 2:9 VERSE 21 - See on ch. * De 1:37; 3:26; 31:2 Nu 20:12 Ps 106:32,33 VERSE 22 * De 3:25,27 1Ki 13:21,22 Am 3:2 Heb 12:6-10 2Pe 1:13-15 VERSE 23 - heed. See on ver. * :9,15,16; 27:9 Jos 23:11 Mt 24:4 Lu 12:15; 21:8 Heb 3:12 - lest ye forget. * De 6:12; 29:25; 31:20 Jos 23:16 1Ch 16:15 Isa 24:5 Jer 31:22 * Eze 16:59 - make you. See on ver. * :16 Ex 20:4,5 VERSE 24 - thy God. * De 9:3; 32:22 Ex 24:17 Ps 21:9 Isa 30:33; 33:14 Jer 21:12-14 * Na 1:6 Zep 1:18 Heb 12:29 - a jealous God. * De 6:15; 29:20; 32:16,21 Ex 20:5; 34:14 Ps 78:58 Isa 42:8 Na 1:2 * Zep 3:8 1Co 10:22 VERSE 25 - beget. * De 31:16-18 Jud 2:8-15 - corrupt. See on ver. * :16; 31:29 Ex 32:7 Ho 9:9 - do evil. * 2Ki 17:17-19; 21:2,14-16 2Ch 36:12-16 1Co 10:22 VERSE 26 - I call heaven. A most solemn method of adjuration, in use among all the nations in the world; God and man being called upon to bear testimony to the truth of what was spoken, that if there was any flaw or insincerity it might be detected, and if any crime, it might not go unpunished. Such appeals to God shew at once the origin and use of oaths. * De 30:18,19; 31:28; 32:1 Isa 1:2 Jer 2:12; 6:19; 22:29 Eze 36:4 * Mic 1:2; 6:2 - ye shall. * De 29:28 Le 18:28; 26:31-35 Jos 23:16 Isa 6:11; 24:1-3 Jer 44:22 * Eze 33:28 Lu 21:24 VERSE 27 * De 28:62-64 Ne 1:3,8,9 Eze 12:15; 32:26 VERSE 28 - ye shall. * De 28:36,64 1Sa 26:19 Jer 16:13 Eze 20:32,39 Ac 7:42 - neither see. * Ps 115:4-7; 135:15,16 Isa 44:9; 45:20; 46:7 Jer 10:3,9 VERSE 29 - But if. * De 30:10 Le 26:39-42 2Ch 15:4,15 Ne 1:9 Isa 55:6,7 Jer 3:12-14 * Jer 29:12-14 - with all. * De 30:1-3 1Ki 8:47,48 2Ki 10:31; 23:3 2Ch 15:12; 31:21 Ps 119:2,10 * Ps 119:58,145 Jer 3:10 Joe 2:12 VERSE 30 - all these. * 1Ki 8:46-53 2Ch 6:36-39 Da 9:11-19 - are come upon thee. Heb. have found thee. * De 31:17 Ex 18:8 *marg: - in the latter. * De 31:29 Ge 49:1 Nu 24:20 Jer 23:20 Da 10:14 Ho 3:5 Heb 1:2 - if thou. * De 30:10 La 3:40 Ho 14:2,3 Joe 2:12,13 Ac 3:19; 26:20 - obedient. * Isa 1:19 Jer 7:23 Zec 6:15 Heb 5:9 VERSE 31 - the Lord. * Ex 34:6,7 Nu 14:18 2Ch 30:9 Ne 1:5; 9:31 Ps 86:5,15; 116:5 * Ps 145:8,9 Jon 4:2 Mic 7:18 - forget. * Le 26:42,45 Ps 105:8; 111:5,9 Jer 14:21 Lu 1:72 VERSE 32 - ask now. * Job 8:8 Ps 44:1 Joe 1:2 - from the one. * De 30:4 Mt 24:31 Mr 13:27 VERSE 33 * :24-26; 9:10 Ex 19:18,19; 20:18,19; 24:11; 33:20 Jud 6:22 VERSE 34 - take him. * Ex 1:9; 3:10,17-20 - temptations. * De 7:19; 29:3 Ex 9:20,21; 10:7 - by signs. * Ex 7:3 Ps 78:12,48-53 - by a mighty. * De 5:15; 6:21; 7:8,9 Ex 6:6; 13:3 1Pe 5:6 - and by great. * De 26:8; 34:12 Ex 12:30-33 VERSE 35 - know. * 1Sa 17:45-47 1Ki 18:36,37 2Ki 19:19 Ps 58:11; 83:18 - none else. * De 32:23 Ex 15:11 1Sa 2:2 Isa 44:6,8; 45:5,18,22 Mr 12:29,32 * 1Jo 5:20,21 VERSE 36 * :33 Ex 19:9,19; 20:18-22; 24:16 Ne 9:13 Heb 12:18,25 VERSE 37 - because. * De 7:7-9; 9:5; 10:15 Ps 105:6-10 Isa 41:8,9 Jer 31:1 Mal 1:2 * Lu 1:72,73 Ro 9:5 - and brought. * Ex 13:3,9,14 - in his sight. * 2Ch 16:9 Ps 32:8; 34:15 - with his. See on ver. * :34 Ps 114:1-6; 136:10-15 Isa 51:9-11; 63:11,12 VERSE 38 - drive. * De 7:1; 9:1-5; 11:23 Ex 23:27,28 Jos 3:10 Ps 44:2,3 - as. * De 2:31-37; 3:1-16; 8:18 VERSE 39 - and consider. * De 32:29 1Ch 28:9 Isa 1:3; 5:12 Ho 7:2 - the Lord. See on ver. * :35 Jos 2:11 1Ch 29:11 2Ch 20:6 Ps 115:3; 135:6 Da 4:35 VERSE 40 - keep. See on ver. * :1,6; 28:1-14 Le 22:31; 26:1-13 Jer 11:4 Joh 14:15,21-24 - it may go. * De 5:16; 6:3,18; 12:25,28; 22:7 Eph 6:3 1Ti 4:8 VERSE 41 * Nu 35:6,14,15 Jos 20:2-9 VERSE 42 * De 19:1-10 Nu 35:6,11,12,15-28 Heb 6:18 VERSE 43 - Bezer. Bezer is the same as Bozra, formerly a royal city of Edom. See Note on Ge 36:33. * Jos 20:8 - Ramoth. Ramoth was a celebrated city in the mountains of Gilead, placed by Eusebius fifteen miles east from Philadelphia or Ammon, and by Jerome in the neighborhood of Jabbok, and consequently north of Philadelphia. * Jos 21:38 1Ki 4:13; 22:3,4 1Ch 6:80 - Golan. This city gave name to the district of Gaulonitis, now called Djolan, which comprises the plain to south of Djedour or Iturea, and to the west of Haouran: its southern frontier is the Nahar Aweired, by which it is separated from the district of Erbad, and the Sheriat el Mandhour, which separates it from the district of El Kefarat: on the west it is limited by the territory of Feik, and on the north-west by Djebel Heish, or mount Hermon. * Jos 21:27 1Ch 6:71 This is evidently an introduction to the discourse of the subsequent chapters. Moses having practically improved some particulars in the history of Israel, proceeded to repeat and enforce the laws which he had delivered before, with additions and explanations, beginning with the ten commandments. * De 1:5; 17:18,19; 27:3,8,26; 33:4 Le 27:34 Nu 36:13 Mal 4:4 Joh 1:17 VERSE 44 - These. * De 6:17,20 1Ki 2:3 Ps 119:2,14,22,24,111 - statutes. See on ver. * :1 Ps 119:5 - judgments. * Ps 119:7 VERSE 45 - On this side. * :47 - See on ch. * De 1:5; 3:29 Nu 32:19 - over. * De 3:29 - Beth-peor. Beth-peor was a city which was situated, according to Eusebius, opposite Jericho, and six miles above Livias. As the name signifies "the house of Peor," it is probable that there was a temple to Peor, situated in this place, full in view of the people, while Moses was pressing upon them the worship of Jehovah alone; and perhaps the very temple where so many had sinned to their own destruction. - Moses. * De 1:4; 2:30-36; 3:8 Nu 21:21-32 VERSE 46 - See on ch. * De 3:1-14; 29:7,8 Nu 21:33-35 VERSE 47 - Aroer. * De 2:36; 3:12 Jos 13:24-33 - even unto. The Samaritan interpreter has, "unto the mountain of snow, which is Hermon." See Note on ch. 9 3:9. - Sion. * De 3:9 Ps 133:3 VERSE 48 - under the springs. * De 3:17; 34:1 Jos 13:20 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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