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    EXODUS 16

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    1 The Israelites come to Sin, and murmur for want of bread. 4 God promises them bread and flesh from heaven, and they are rebuked. 13 Quails and manna are sent. 16 The ordering of manna. 25 It was not to be found on the sabbath. 32 An omer of it is preserved. VERSE 1 - A.M. 2513. B.C. 1491. An. Ex. Is. 1. Ijar. took. * Ex 15:27 Nu 33:10-12 - Sin. This desert was traversed by Dr. Shaw in nine hours. He was all the day diverted by varieties of lizards and vipers, which abound there. * Ex 17:1 Nu 33:12 Eze 30:15,16 VERSE 2 * Ex 15:24 Ge 19:4 Ps 106:7,13,25 1Co 10:10 VERSE 3 - Would. * Nu 20:3-5 De 28:67 Jos 7:7 2Sa 18:33 La 4:9 Ac 26:29 1Co 4:8 * 2Co 11:1 - we had. * Nu 11:15; 14:2 Job 3:1,10,20 Jer 20:14-18 Jon 4:8,9 - flesh. * Ex 2:23 Nu 11:4,5 - to kill. * Ex 5:21; 17:3 Nu 16:13,41 - hunger. * De 8:3 Jer 2:6 La 4:9 VERSE 4 - I will rain. * Ps 78:24,25; 105:40 Joh 6:31,32 1Co 10:3 - a certain rate every day. Heb. the portion of a day in his day. * Ne 11:23 Pr 30:8 Mt 6:11,32,33 Lu 11:3 - prove them. See on ch. * Ex 15:25 De 8:2,16 Jos 24:15 VERSE 5 - prepare. * :23; 35:2,3 Le 25:21,22 VERSE 6 - even. * :8,12,13 - the Lord. * :3; 6:7; 12:51; 32:1,7,11 Nu 16:28,30 Ps 77:20 Isa 63:11,12 VERSE 7 - the morning. * :13 - ye shall. * :10; 24:10,16; 40:34 Le 9:6 Nu 14:10; 16:42 Isa 35:2; 40:5 * Joh 11:4,40 - what are we. * :2,3,8 Nu 16:11 VERSE 8 - the Lord heareth. * :9,12 Nu 14:27 Mt 9:4 Joh 6:41-43 1Co 10:10 - but against. * Nu 21:7 1Sa 8:7 Isa 32:6; 37:29 Mt 10:40 Lu 10:16 Joh 13:20 * Ro 13:2 1Th 4:8 VERSE 9 - Come near. * Nu 16:16 - heard. See on ver. * :2,8 VERSE 10 - that they. * :7 Nu 14:10; 16:19,42 - appeared. * Ex 13:21,22; 40:34-38 Le 9:6 Nu 16:42 1Ki 8:10,11 Mt 17:5 VERSE 11 VERSE 12 - I have. * :8 - At even. * :6 - in the morning. * :7 - ye shall know. * Ex 4:5; 6:7; 7:17 Jer 31:24 Eze 34:30; 39:22 Joe 3:17 Zec 13:9 VERSE 13 - the quails. The Hebrew {selav,} Chaldee {selaiv,} Syriac and Arabic {selwa,} is without doubt the quail: so the LXX. render it [ ,] a large kind of quail. Josephus, [ ,] Ethopic, {ferferat,} and Vulgate, {coturnices,} quails, with which agree Philo and the Rabbins. The quail is a bird of the gallinaceous kind, somewhat less than a pigeon, but larger than a sparrow. Hasselquist describes the quail of the larger kind as very much resembling the red partridge, but not larger than the turtle dove; found in Judea as well as in the deserts of Arabia Petra' and Egypt; and affording a most agreeable and delicate dish. * Nu 11:31-33 Ps 78:27,28; 105:40 - the dew. * Nu 11:9 VERSE 14 - the dew. * Nu 11:7-9 De 8:3 Ne 9:15 Ps 78:24; 105:40 - the hoar frost. * Ps 147:16 VERSE 15 - It is manna. or, What is this? or, It is a portion. * :31,33 De 8:3,16 Jos 5:12 Ne 9:15,20 Joh 6:31,32,49,58 * 1Co 10:3 Heb 9:4 Re 2:17 - This is. * :4 Nu 21:5 Pr 9:5 Lu 12:30 VERSE 16 - omer. * :18,33,36 - for every man. Heb. by the poll, or head. persons. Heb. souls. VERSE 17 - more. Heb. multiplying. * :18; 36:5 Le 11:42 1Ch 8:40 Ne 6:17; 9:37 Pr 28:8 Ec 6:11 * Hab 2:6 - less. Heb. lessening. * :18 Nu 11:32 VERSE 18 * 2Co 8:14,15 VERSE 19 * Ex 12:10; 23:18 Mt 6:34 VERSE 20 - bred worms. * Mt 6:19 Lu 12:15,33 Heb 13:5 Jas 5:2,3 - and Moses. * Nu 12:3; 16:15 Mr 3:5; 10:14 Eph 4:26 VERSE 21 * Pr 6:6-11 Ec 9:10; 12:1 Mt 6:33 Joh 12:35 2Co 6:2 VERSE 22 What the substance called manna was, is utterly unknown, but, from the circumstances in the text, it is evident that it was not a natural production, but was miraculously sent by Jehovah. These the learned Abarbinel, a most judicious Jewish interpreter, has thus enumerated: The natural manna was never found in the desert where this fell;--where the common manna does fall, it is only in the spring time, in March and April, whereas this fell throughout all the months in the year; the ordinary manna does not melt in the sun, as this did (ver. 21);--it does not stink and breed worms, as this did, when kept till the morning (ver. 20);--it cannot be ground or beaten in a mortar, so as to make cakes, as this was;--the common manna is medicinal and purgative, and cannot be used for food and nutriment, as this was;--this fell in a double proportion on the sixth day, and not on the sabbath, as it certainly would have done had it fallen naturally;--it followed them in all their journeys, where ever they pitched their tents;--and it ceased at the very time of the year when the other falls, namely, in March, when the Israelites were come to Gilgal. Whatever this substance was, it does not appear to have been common to the wilderness. From De 8:3, 16, it is evident that the Israelites never saw it before; and from a pot of it being preserved, it is certain that nothing of the kind ever appeared again. * :5,16 Le 25:12,22 VERSE 23 - rest. * Ex 20:8-11; 31:15; 35:3 Ge 2:2,3 Le 23:3 Mr 2:27,28 Lu 23:56 * Re 1:10 - bake. * Nu 11:8 VERSE 24 * :20,33 VERSE 25 * :23,29 Ne 9:14 VERSE 26 * Ex 20:9-11 De 5:13 Eze 46:1 Lu 13:14 VERSE 27 - and they found none. * Pr 20:4 VERSE 28 * Ex 10:3 Nu 14:11; 20:12 2Ki 17:14 Ps 78:10,22; 81:13,14; 106:13 * Isa 7:9,13 Jer 4:14; 9:6 Eze 5:6; 20:13,16 Mr 9:19 VERSE 29 - hath given. * Ex 31:13 Ne 9:14 Isa 58:13,14 Eze 20:12 - abide ye. * Lu 23:56 VERSE 30 * Le 23:3 De 5:12-14 Heb 4:9 VERSE 31 - called the name. See on ver. * :15 In consequence of the term manna having been given to a drug which is now much used in England, many persons have ignorantly supposed it to be the same sort of thing as that miraculously sent for the sustenance of the children of Israel in the wilderness. The manna of commerce comes from Calabria and Sicily, where it oozes out of a kind of ash tree, from the end of June to the end of July, and is a thick, clammy, sweet juice, partly drawn from the tree by the rays of the sun, partly by the puncture of insects, and partly by artificial means. The European manna is not so good as the Oriental, which is gathered in Syria, Arabia, and Persia, from the Oriental oak, and from a shrub which is called in Persia {teranjabin.} - and it was. * Nu 11:6,7 So 2:3 VERSE 32 * Ps 103:1,2; 105:5; 111:4,5 Lu 22:19 Heb 2:1 VERSE 33 * Heb 9:4 VERSE 34 * Ex 25:16,21; 27:21; 30:6,36; 31:18; 38:21; 40:20 Nu 1:50,53; 17:10 * De 10:5 1Ki 8:9 VERSE 35 - forty years. * Nu 33:38 De 8:2,3 Ne 9:15,20,21 Ps 78:24,25 Joh 6:30-58 - until they come to. * Jos 5:12 - the borders. * Nu 33:48-50 De 1:8; 34:1-4 VERSE 36 * :16,32,33 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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