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    EXODUS 26

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    1 The ten curtains of the tabernacle. 7 The eleven curtains of goats' hair, and the covering of rams' and badgers' skins. 15 The boards of the tabernacle, with their sockets and bars. 31 The vail for the ark. 36 The hanging for the door. VERSE 1 - the tabernacle with ten curtains. The word {mishcan,} from {shachan,} to dwell, means simply a dwelling-place, or habitation. "When God had brought the children of Israel out of Egypt," says the very learned Dr. Cudworth, "resolving to manifest himself in a peculiar manner present among them, he thought good to dwell amongst them in a visible and external manner; and therefore, while they were in the wilderness, and sojourned in tents, he would have a tent or tabernacle built, to sojourn with them also.--Now, the tabernacle being thus a house for God to dwell in visibly, to make up the notion of dwelling or habitation complete, there must be all things suitable to a house belonging to it. Hence, in the holy place, there must be a table and a candlestick, because these were the ordinary furniture of a room. The table must have its dishes, and spoons, and bowls, and covers, belonging to it, though they were never used; and always be furnished with bread upon it. The candlestick must have its lamps continually burning, etc." * Ex 25:8; 36:8-19; 40:2,17-19 1Ch 17:1; 21:29 Joh 1:14; 2:21 Heb 8:2 * Heb 9:9,23,24 Re 21:3 - fine twined linen. * :36; 25:4; 35:6,35 Re 19:8 - cherubims. See on ch. * Ex 25:18 - cunning work. Heb. the work of a cunning workman, or embroiderer. VERSE 2 - curtain. * :7,8 Nu 4:25 2Sa 7:2 1Ch 17:1 VERSE 3 - coupled together. * :9; 36:10 Joh 17:21 1Co 12:4,12-27 Eph 2:21,22; 4:3-6,16 * Col 2:2,19 VERSE 4 - loops of blue. * :5,10,11; 36:11,12,17 VERSE 5 VERSE 6 - taches of gold. * :11,33; 35:11; 36:13,18; 39:33 - one tabernacle. * Eph 1:22,23; 4:16 1Pe 2:4,5 VERSE 7 - curtains. * Ex 35:26; 36:14-18 Nu 4:25 Ps 45:13 1Pe 3:4; 5:5 - goats' hair. {Izzim,} goats, but used here elliptically for goats' hair. In different parts of Asia Minor, Syria, Cilicia, and Phrygia, the goats have long, fine, and beautiful hair; in some cases, almost as fine as silk, which is shorn at proper times, and manufactured into garments. * Ex 25:4; 35:6,23 Nu 31:20 - a. * :14 Isa 4:5 - eleven. * :1,9,12 VERSE 8 - length of one curtain. * :2,13 VERSE 9 - five curtains by themselves. * :3 VERSE 10 - fifty loops. * :4-6 VERSE 11 - tent. or, covering. See on ver. * :3,6 VERSE 12 - shall hang over. * :9 VERSE 13 - a cubit. * :2,8 - of that which remaineth. Heb. in the remainder or surplusage. VERSE 14 - a covering. * Ex 36:19 Nu 4:5 Ps 27:5; 121:4,5 Isa 4:6; 25:4 - rams' skins dyed red. {Oroth ailim meoddamim,} literally, the skins of red rams. It is a fact, attested by many respectable travellers, that in the Levant, sheep are often met with having red or violet colored fleeces. Almost all ancient writers speak of the same thing. * Ex 25:5; 35:7,23; 39:34 Nu 4:10 Eze 16:10 - badgers' skins. {Oroth techashim,} which nearly all the ancient versions have taken to be the name of a color, though they differ very much with regard to the particular color intended: the LXX., Vulgate, and Coptic, have skins dyed of a violet color; the Syriac, azure; and the Arabic, black; and Bochart contends for the hysginus, a very deep blue. It may, however, denote an animal; for Dr. Geddes remarks, had the sacred writer meant to express only a variety of color, he would hardly have repeated {Ēroth,} skins, after {meoddamim,} red, in ch. 5 25:5. VERSE 15 - boards. * :18,22-29; 36:20-33; 40:17,18 Nu 4:31,32 Eph 2:20,21 - of shittim. * Ex 25:5 VERSE 16 VERSE 17 - tenons. Heb. hands. * :19; 36:22,24 VERSE 18 VERSE 19 - forty sockets of silver. * :25,37; 27:10,12-18; 36:24-26; 38:27,30,31; 40:18 Nu 3:36 * Nu 4:31,32 So 5:15 VERSE 20 VERSE 21 - two sockets under one board. * :19 VERSE 22 VERSE 23 - corners. \\S#4742h\\. * Ex 36:28 VERSE 24 - be coupled. Heb. twined. and they shall be coupled together above. * Ex 36:29,30 Ps 133:1-3 1Co 1:10; 3:16 1Pe 2:5 VERSE 25 VERSE 26 - bars of shittim wood. * Ex 36:31-38 Nu 3:36; 4:31 Ro 15:1 1Co 9:19,20 Ga 6:1,2 Eph 4:16 * Col 2:19 VERSE 27 VERSE 28 - reach. lit. flee. * 1Ch 12:15 Ne 13:28 Job 41:28 Pr 19:26 VERSE 29 - overlay the boards with gold. See on ch. * Ex 25:11,12 VERSE 30 - rear up the tabernacle. * Ex 40:2,17,18 Nu 10:21 Jos 18:1 Heb 8:2 - according to the fashion. * Ex 25:9,40; 27:8 Ac 7:44 Heb 8:5; 9:23 VERSE 31 - a vail of. * Ex 36:35; 40:3,21 Le 16:2,15 2Ch 3:14 Mt 27:51 Mr 15:38 Lu 23:45 * Eph 2:14 Heb 9:3-8; 10:20,21 - blue. * Ex 25:4; 35:6,25,35; 36:8 - purple. {Argaman,} a very precious color, extracted from the purpura, or murex, a species of shell-fish; and supposed to be the same with the costly and much celebrated Tyrian purple. - scarlet. Tolaƒth; properly the worm whence the scarlet color was produced; which grew in a coccus, or excrescence, of a shrub of the ilex kind, like the cochineal worm in the Opuntia of America; which is arranged under the same genus as the Arabic {Kermez,} which also denotes this color. - cunning work. * :1; 28:15; 38:23 2Ch 2:7-13 Ps 137:5 So 7:1 - cherubims shall it be made. See on ch. * Ex 25:18 VERSE 32 - pillars of shittim. * :37; 36:38 Es 1:6 - their hooks shall be of gold. The Hebrew {waveyhem,} which we translate their hooks, is rendered by the LXX. [ ,] and by the Vulgate, {capiata,} capitals. Hence Calmet contends, 1. That if Moses does not mean the capitals of the pillars by this word, he mentions them nowhere else; and it would seem strange, that while he describes them with so much exactness, that he should not mention the capitals; or that pillars every way so correctly formed, should have been destitute of this necessary ornament. 2. As Moses was commanded to make the {wavim} of the pillars, and their fillets, of silver, (ch. 10 27:10, 11,) and the {wavim} of the pillars of the vail of gold, (ch. 36 36:36,) and that 1,775 shekels were employed in making them, overlaying their chapiters, {rasheyhem,} their heads, and filleting them, (ch. 28 38:28,) it is more reasonable to suppose that all this is spoken of the capitals of pillars, than of any kind of hooks, especially as hooks are mentioned under the word taches or clasps. But as the root {wavah} seems to signify to connect, (for [ ,] in Arabic, is to marry a wife,) and as the letter [ ,] {wav,} if it has not its name from its hook-like form, is yet used as a connective particle, it would rather appear to denote hooks, which connected the curtains or vails to the pillars. The LXX. also render it [ ,] handles, and [ ,] rings or clasps. VERSE 33 - the taches. * Ex 27:10; 36:36 - within the vail. * Ge 9:4,5 - the ark of the testimony. * Ex 25:16; 40:21 - the holy place. * Le 16:2 1Ki 8:6,10 2Ch 5:7-10 Heb 9:2,3 VERSE 34 - put the mercy seat. See on ch. * Ex 25:21; 40:20 Heb 9:5 VERSE 35 - the table. See on ch. * Ex 40:22 Heb 9:2,8,9 - the candlestick. See on ch. * Ex 25:31-37; 40:24 VERSE 36 - hanging. This may be termed the first vail, as it occupied the door or entrance to the tabernacle; the vail that separated the Holy of Holies is called the second vail, Heb 9:3. Mr. Morier, (Second Journey Through Persia, p. 251,) describing the tent of a chief of the Eelauts, says, "It was composed of a wooden frame of circular laths, which were fixed on the ground, and then covered over with large felts, that were fastened down by a cord, ornamented by tassels of various colors. A curtain, curiously worked by the women, with coarse needle-work of various colors, was suspended over the door. In the king of Persia's tents, magnificent {perdahs,} or hangings of needle-work, are suspended, as well as on the doors of the great mosques in Turkey; and these circumstances combined, will, perhaps, illustrate Ex 26:36." * Ex 36:37; 40:28 Joh 10:9; 14:6 - the tent. * Ex 35:11; 39:33; 40:29 Nu 3:25; 9:15 2Sa 7:6 Ps 78:60 - of blue. See on ver. * :31 VERSE 37 - overlay them with gold. * Ex 36:38 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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