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    EXODUS 28

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    1 Aaron and his sons are set apart for the priest's office. 2 Holy garments are appointed. 6 The ephod and girdle. 15 The breast-plate with twelve precious stones. 30 The Urim and Thummim. 31 The robe of the ephod, with pomegranates and bells. 36 The plate of the mitre. 39 The embroidered coat. 40 The garments for Aaron's sons. VERSE 1 - take. * Le 8:2 Nu 16:9-11; 17:2-9 2Ch 26:18-21 Heb 5:1-5 - among. * :41; 29:1,9,44; 30:30; 31:10; 35:19 Nu 18:7 De 10:6 1Ch 6:10 * 2Ch 11:14 Lu 1:8 - Nadab. * Ex 6:23; 24:1,9 Le 10:1,12 Nu 2:4; 26:61 1Ch 24:1-4 VERSE 2 - holy garments. * Ex 29:5-9,29,30; 31:10; 39:1,2; 40:13 Le 8:7-9,30 Nu 20:26-28 * Ps 132:9,16 Isa 61:3,10; 64:6 Zec 3:3,4 Ro 3:22; 13:14 Ga 3:27 * Heb 7:26 Re 19:8 - glory. * :40; 19:5,6 Nu 27:20,21 Job 40:10 Ps 90:16,17; 96:6; 149:4 * Isa 4:2 Jer 9:23,24 Joh 1:14 1Co 1:30,31 Heb 2:9 2Pe 1:17 * 1Jo 3:2 Re 5:10; 19:8 VERSE 3 - wise hearted. * Ex 31:3-6; 35:30,35; 36:1,2 Pr 2:6 Isa 28:24-26 - filled. * De 34:9 Isa 11:2 1Co 12:7-11 Eph 1:17 Jas 17 1:17 VERSE 4 - a breastplate. {Choshen,} in Hebrew is used for the square breast-plate of the high priest, in which were set twelve precious stones, each being engraved with the name of one of the sons of Jacob. * :15; 39:8-21 Isa 59:17 Eph 6:14 1Th 5:8 Re 9:17 - ephod. The ephod seems to have been a short cloak, without sleeves. * :6-14; 39:2-5,21,22 Le 8:7,8 1Sa 2:18; 22:18; 23:6; 30:7 2Sa 6:14 - a robe. The word {meil,} from {âlah,} to ascend, go up on, may be considered as an upper garment that goes up or over the rest, a surtout. * :31-34; 39:25,26 - broidered. * :29,40 Le 8:7 - a mitre. * Ex 39:28 Le 8:9 - a girdle. * Isa 11:5 VERSE 5 - gold. * Ex 25:3,4; 39:2,3 VERSE 6 - linen. See on ch. * Ex 26:1 VERSE 7 * Ex 39:4 VERSE 8 - curious. or, embroidered. * :27,28; 29:5; 39:20,21 Le 8:7 Isa 11:5 1Pe 1:13 Re 1:13 VERSE 9 - onyx. * :20; 39:13 Ge 2:12 Job 28:16 Eze 28:13 - grave. * :36; 39:6 2Ch 2:7 So 8:6 Isa 49:16 VERSE 10 - according to their birth. * Ex 1:1-4 Ge 43:33 VERSE 11 - engravings of a signet. * :21,36 Jer 22:24 Zec 3:9 Eph 1:13; 4:30 2Ti 2:19 Re 7:2 - ounces of gold. * :13,14,25; 39:6,13,18 VERSE 12 - the shoulders. * :7 Ps 89:19 Isa 9:6; 12:2 Zec 6:13,14 Heb 7:25-28 - Aaron shall bear. * :29; 39:6,7 - for a memorial. * Ex 12:14; 13:9; 39:7 Ge 9:12-17 Le 24:7 Nu 16:40; 31:54 Jos 4:7 * Isa 62:6 Zec 6:14 Lu 1:54,72 Ac 10:4 VERSE 13 VERSE 14 - chains of. * :24; 39:15 - of wreathen. * :22-25; 39:17,18 1Ki 7:17 2Ki 25:17 2Ch 4:12,13 VERSE 15 - the breastplate. See on ver. * :4,30; 39:8 Le 8:8 - after. See on ver. * :6; 26:1 VERSE 16 VERSE 17 - thou shalt. See on ver. * :9,11; 39:10-21 Mal 3:17 - set in it settings of stones. Heb. fill in its fillings of stone. the first row. * Eze 28:13 Re 21:19-21 - a sardius, or, ruby. The Hebrew {odem,} from {adam,} to be red, ruddy, seems to denote the ruby; as {adam} does in Persian a beautiful gem, of a fine deep red color, with a mixture of purple. * Job 28:18 Pr 3:15; 8:11; 20:15; 31:10 La 4:7 - a topaz. {Pitdah,} is constantly rendered by the LXX. [ ,] and Vulgate, {topazius,} with which agrees Josephus. The topaz is a precious stone, of a pale, dead green, with a mixture of yellow, sometimes of a fine yellow; and hence called chrysolyte by the moderns, from its gold color. * Job 28:19 Re 21:20 - a carbuncle. {Bareketh,} from {barak,} to lighten, glitter, a very elegant gem, of a deep red color, with a mixture of scarlet. * Isa 54:11,12 VERSE 18 - emerald. {Nophech,} an emerald, the same with the ancient {smaragdus;} one of the most beautiful of all the gems, and of a bright green color, without any mixture. * Ex 39:11 Eze 27:16 - sapphire. * Ex 24:10 Job 28:6,16 So 5:14 Eze 1:26; 10:1 Re 4:3 - diamond. * Jer 17:1 Eze 28:13 VERSE 19 - a ligure. * Ex 39:12 - an agate. * Isa 54:12 VERSE 20 - a beryl. * Eze 1:16; 10:9 Da 10:6 Re 21:20 - an onyx. See on ver. * :9 - a jasper. * Re 4:3; 21:11,18-20 - inclosings. Heb. fillings. * :13 VERSE 21 - twelve. * :9-11 - according to the twelve. * 1Ki 18:31 Lu 22:30 Jas 1:1 Re 7:4-8; 21:12 VERSE 22 * :14 VERSE 23 * Ex 25:11-15 VERSE 24 VERSE 25 - wreathen chains. * :14; 39:15 - on the shoulder pieces. * :7 - of the ephod. * Ex 39:4 VERSE 26 VERSE 27 - the curious girdle. See on ver. * :8 VERSE 28 - a lace. * :31,37; 39:30,31 Nu 15:38 VERSE 29 - in the. See on ver. * :15,30 - upon. See on ver. * :12 Jer 30:21 Ro 10:1 - a. * So 8:6 Isa 49:15,16 VERSE 30 - the Urim and Thummim. [ ,] the Urim and Thummim, lights and perfections; rendered by the LXX. [ ,] manifestation and truth; and, by the Vulgate, {doctrina et veritas,} doctrine and truth. Among the various and contradictory opinions respecting the form and substance of these mysterious appendages, the most probable seems to be that of Josephus, Philo, Bp. Patrick, Parkhurst, and the Jewish writers generally; who state, that they were no other than the twelve precious stones of the high priest's breastplate. In support of this statement, it is observed, 1. That in the description of the high priest's breastplate, Exod. 8 39:8, et seq., the Urim and Thummim are not mentioned, but only the rows of stones; and on the contrary, in Lev. 8 8:8, the Urim and Thummim are expressly mentioned, but not a word is said of the four rows of stones. 2. As Moses has given such a particular description of every thing relative to the high priest's dress, these would certainly have been described had they been different from what was previously mentioned. * Le 8:8 Nu 27:21 De 33:8 Jud 1:1; 20:18,23,27,28 1Sa 23:9-12 * 1Sa 28:6; 30:7,8 Ezr 2:63 Ne 7:65 - bear the judgment. * Zec 6:13 - upon his heart. * 2Co 6:11,12; 7:3; 12:15 Php 1:7,8 Heb 2:17; 4:15; 9:12,24 VERSE 31 * :4,28; 39:22 Le 8:7 VERSE 32 - as it were. * Ex 39:28 2Ch 26:14 Ne 4:16 Job 41:26 - that it be not rent. * Joh 19:23,24 Eph 4:3-16 VERSE 33 - And. * Ex 39:24-26 - hem. or, skirts. pomegranates. * 1Ki 7:18 2Ki 25:17 - bells. * Zec 14:20 VERSE 34 * Ps 89:15 So 2:3; 4:3,13; 6:7,11; 8:2 Joh 15:4-8,16 Col 1:5,6,10 VERSE 35 - goeth in. * Le 16:2 Heb 9:12 VERSE 36 - a plate of pure gold. The word {tzitz,} which we translate a plate, properly signifies a flower. It is rendered by the LXX. [ ,] a leaf, and is called {nezer,} a crown in ch. 6 29:6 and [ ,] a diadem, by the author of the book of Wisdom, ch. 24 28:24. Josephus says that it was adorned with three rows of the flower which the Greeks call [ .] It was two fingers broad, of a circular form, suited to the shape of the head, and so long that it reached from ear to ear, and was fastened upon a blue lace or ribband, which was tied behind the head; and as the plate reached only half round the head, the remaining part of the ribband was highly ornamented with artificial flowers. - grave upon it. See on ver. * :9,11 - HOLINESS. * Ex 39:30 Le 8:9; 10:3; 19:2 Ps 93:5 Eze 43:12 Zec 14:20 Heb 7:26 * Heb 12:14 1Pe 1:15,16; 2:9 Re 21:27 VERSE 37 - blue. See on ver. * :28,31 Nu 15:38 - the mitre it. * :4; 29:6; 39:30,31 Le 8:9 Zec 3:5 VERSE 38 - bear the iniquity. * :43 Le 10:17; 22:9 Nu 18:1 Isa 53:6,11,12 Eze 4:4-6 Joh 1:29 * 2Co 5:21 Heb 9:28 1Pe 2:24; 3:18 - accepted. * Le 1:4; 22:27; 23:11 Isa 56:7; 60:7 Eph 1:6 1Pe 2:5 VERSE 39 - embroider. See on ver. * :4 - the girdle. See on ver. * :8 - needlework. * Ps 45:14 VERSE 40 - Aaron's. * :4; 39:27,29,41 Le 8:13 Eze 44:17,18 - bonnets. * Ex 29:9 - glory. See on ver. * :2 1Ti 2:9,10; 6:9-11 Tit 2:7,10 1Pe 3:3,4; 5:5 VERSE 41 - anoint them. * Ex 29:7; 30:23-30; 40:15 Le 10:7 Isa 10:27; 61:1 Joh 3:34 * 2Co 1:21,22 1Jo 2:20,27 - and consecrate them. Heb. fill their hand. * Ex 29:9,24,35 Le 8:1-36 Nu 3:3 Eze 43:26 Heb 5:4; 7:28 - minister. See on ver. * :1,4 VERSE 42 - breeches. * Ex 20:26; 39:28 Le 6:10; 16:4 Eze 44:18 Re 3:18 - their nakedness. Heb. flesh of their nakedness. reach. Heb. be. VERSE 43 - unto the altar. * Ex 20:26 - bear not iniquity. * Le 5:1,17; 20:19,20; 22:9 Nu 9:13; 18:22 Mt 22:12,13 - a statute. * Ex 27:21 Le 17:7 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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