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    EXODUS 9

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    1 The murrain of beasts. 8 The plague of boils and blains. 13 The message of Moses about the hail. 22 The plague of hail. 27 Pharaoh sues to Moses, but yet is hardened. VERSE 1 * :13; 3:18; 4:22,23; 5:1; 8:1,20; 10:3 VERSE 2 * Ex 4:23; 8:2; 10:4 Le 26:14-16,23,24,27,28 Ps 7:11,12; 68:21 * Isa 1:20 Ro 2:8 Re 2:21,22; 16:9 VERSE 3 - the hand. * Ex 7:4; 8:19 1Sa 5:6-11; 6:9 Ac 13:11 - murrain. We may observe a particular scope and meaning in this calamity, if we consider it in regard to the Egyptians, which would not have existed in respect to any other people. They held in idolatrous reverence almost every animal, but some they held in particular veneration; as the ox, cow, and ram. Among these, {Apis} and {Mnevis} are well known; the former being a sacred bull, worshipped at Memphis, as the latter was at Heliopolis. A cow or heifer had the like honors at Momemphis; and the same practice seems to have been adopted in most of the Egyptian {nomes.} By the infliction of this judgment, the Egyptian deities sank before the God of the Hebrews. See Bryant, pp. 87-93. * Ex 5:3 VERSE 4 * Ex 8:22; 10:23; 12:13 Isa 65:13,14 Mal 3:18 VERSE 5 - a set time. * :18; 8:23; 10:4 Nu 16:5 Job 24:1 Ec 3:1-11 Jer 28:16,17 * Mt 27:63,64 VERSE 6 * :19,25 Ps 78:48,50 VERSE 7 - the heart. * :12; 7:14; 8:32 Job 9:4 Pr 29:1 Isa 48:4 Da 5:20 Ro 9:18 VERSE 8 - Take to. This was a significant command; not only referring to the fiery furnace, which was a type of the slavery of the Israelites, but to a cruel rite common among the Egyptians. They had several cities styled Typhonian, in which at particular seasons they sacrificed men, who were burnt alive; and the ashes of the victim were scattered upwards in the air, with the view, probably, that where any atom of dust was carried, a blessing was entailed. The like, therefore, was done by Moses, though with a different intention, and more certain effect. See Bryant, pp. 93-106. * Ex 8:16 VERSE 9 - a boil. * Le 13:18-20 De 28:27,35 Job 2:7 Re 16:2 VERSE 10 - a boil. * De 28:27 VERSE 11 * Ex 7:11,12; 8:18,19 Isa 47:12-14 2Ti 3:8,9 Re 16:2 VERSE 12 - See on ch. * Ex 4:21; 7:13,14 Ps 81:11,12 Re 16:10,11 Hardness of heart is a figurative expression, denoting that insensibility of mind upon which neither judgments nor mercies make any abiding impressions; but the conscience being stupefied, the obdurate rebel persists in determined disobedience. VERSE 13 * :1; 7:15; 8:20 VERSE 14 - send all. * Le 26:18,21,28 De 28:15-17,59-61; 29:20-22; 32:39-42 1Sa 4:8 * 1Ki 8:38 Jer 19:8 Mic 6:13 Re 18:8; 22:18 - that thou. See on ch. * Ex 8:10 VERSE 15 - stretch. * :3,6,16; 3:20 - that. * Ex 11:4-6; 12:29,30 - cut off. * Ex 14:28 1Ki 13:34 Pr 2:22 VERSE 16 - deed. * Ex 14:17 Ps 83:17,18 Pr 16:4 Ro 9:17,22 1Pe 2:8,19 Jude 1:4 - raised thee up. Heb. made thee stand. for to. * Ex 14:4; 15:11-16; 18:11 Jos 2:10,11 1Sa 4:8 Ps 136:10-15 - that my. * 1Ch 16:24 Ps 64:9; 83:17,18 Isa 63:12-14 Mal 1:11,14 Ro 9:17 VERSE 17 * Job 9:4; 15:25,26; 40:9 Isa 10:15; 26:11; 37:23,24,29; 45:9 * Ac 12:23 1Co 10:22 VERSE 18 - to-morrow. * 1Ki 19:2; 20:6 2Ki 7:1,18 - I will cause. This must have been a circumstance of all others the most incredible to an Egyptian; for in Egypt there fell no rain, the want of which was supplied by dews, and the overflowing of the Nile. The Egyptians must, therefore, have perceived themselves particularly aimed at in these fearful events, especially as they were very superstitious. There seems likewise a propriety in their being punished by fire and water, as they were guilty of the grossest idolatry towards these elements. Scarcely any thing could have distressed the Egyptians more than the destruction of the flax, as the whole nation wore linen garments. The ruin of their barley was equally fatal, both to their trade and to their private advantage. See Bryant, pp. 108-117. * :22-25 Ps 83:15 VERSE 19 - and gather. * Hab 3:2 - the hail. * :25 VERSE 20 * Pr 16:16; 22:3,23 Jon 3:5,6 Mr 13:14-16 Heb 11:7 VERSE 21 - regarded not. Heb. set not his heart unto. * Ex 7:23 1Sa 4:20 *marg: * 1Ch 22:19 Job 7:17; 34:14 Pr 24:32 *marg: * Eze 40:4 Da 10:12 VERSE 22 * Ex 7:19; 8:5,16 Re 16:21 VERSE 23 - the Lord sent. * Ex 19:16; 20:18 1Sa 12:17,18 Job 37:1-5 Ps 29:3; 77:18 * Re 16:18,21 - and hail. * Jos 10:11 Job 38:22,23 Ps 18:13; 78:47,48; 105:32,33; 148:8 * Isa 30:30 Eze 38:22 Re 8:7 VERSE 24 - none like. * :23; 10:6 Mt 24:21 VERSE 25 - smote every. * Ps 105:33 VERSE 26 * Ex 8:22-32; 9:4,6; 10:23; 11:7; 12:13 Isa 32:18,19 VERSE 27 - I have. * Ex 10:16 Nu 22:34 1Sa 15:24,30; 26:21 Mt 27:4 - the Lord. * 2Ch 12:6 Ps 9:16; 129:4; 145:17 La 1:18 Da 9:14 Ro 2:5; 3:19 VERSE 28 - Intreat. * Ex 8:8,28; 10:17 Ac 8:24 - mighty thunderings. Heb. voices of God. * Ps 29:3,4 - ye shall. * Ex 11:1 VERSE 29 - spread. * :33 1Ki 8:22,38 2Ch 6:12,13 Ezr 9:5 Job 11:13 Ps 143:6 * Isa 1:15 - that the earth. * De 10:14 Ps 24:1,2; 50:12; 95:4,5; 135:6 1Co 10:26,28 VERSE 30 * Pr 16:6 Isa 26:10; 63:17 VERSE 31 - flax. The word {pishteh,} flax, Mr. Parkhurst thinks may be derived from {pashat,} to strip, because the substance which we call flax is properly the fimourns of the bark or rind of the vegetable, stripped off the stalks. From time immemorial, Egypt was celebrated for the production and manufacture of flax; and hence the linen and fine linen of Egypt, so often spoken of in scripture and ancient authors. - the barley. The Hebrew {serah,} barley, in Arabic {shair,} and {shairat,} is so called from its rough, bristly beard, with which the ears are covered and defended; from {sar,} to stand on end as the hair of the head: hence {ser,} the hair of the head. So its Latin name {hordeum} is from {horreo,} to stand on end as the hair. Dr. Pococke has observed that there is a double seed time and harvest in Egypt; rice, India wheat, and a grain called the corn of Damascus, are sown and reaped at a very different time from wheat, barley, and flax. The first are sown in March, before the overflowing of the Nile, and reaped about October; whereas the wheat and barley are sown in November and December, as soon as the Nile has gone off, and reaped before May. * Ru 1:22; 2:23 Am 4:9 Hab 3:17 VERSE 32 - not grown up. Heb. hidden, or dark. * Ex 10:22 VERSE 33 - spread. * :29; 8:12 - and the thunders. * Ex 10:18,19 Jas 17 5:17,18 VERSE 34 - saw. * Ex 8:15 Ec 8:11 - and hardened. * Ex 4:21; 7:14 2Ch 28:22; 33:23; 36:13 Ro 2:4,5 VERSE 35 - was hardened. * Ex 7:13 - as the Lord. * Ex 4:21; 7:3,4; 11:9,10 - by Moses. Heb. by the hand of Moses. * Ex 4:13 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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