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    EZRA 4

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    1 The adversaries, being not accepted in the building of the temple with the Jews, endeavor to hinder it. 7 Their letter to Artaxerxes. 17 The answer and decree of Artaxerxes. 23 The building is hindered. VERSE 1 - the adversaries. These were the Samaritans, the descendants of the various nations with which the kings of Assyria had peopled Israel, when they had carried the original inhabitants captive. * Ezr 7:9 1Ki 5:4,5 1Ch 22:9,10 Ne 4:1-11 Da 9:25 1Co 16:9 - children of the captivity. Heb. sons of the transportation. * Ezr 1:11 *marg: * Ezr 6:16,19,20; 10:7,16 Da 5:13 VERSE 2 - Zerubbabel. * Ezr 1:5; 2:2; 3:2,12 - Let us. * Pr 26:23-26 2Co 11:13-15 Ga 2:4 2Ti 3:8 2Pe 2:1,2 - we do. * 2Ki 17:24,27-33,41 - Esarhaddon. * :10 - Asnappar. * 2Ki 19:37 - Assur. * Ge 10:11 Ps 73:8 Isa 37:37 - Assyria. * Ho 14:3 - Asshur. VERSE 3 - Ye have nothing. * Ne 2:20 Joh 4:22,23 Ac 8:21 Ro 9:4,5 3Jo 1:9,10 - king Cyrus. * Ezr 1:1-3; 6:3-5 2Ch 36:22,23 Isa 44:28; 45:1,4 Mt 10:16 VERSE 4 - weakened. * Ezr 3:3 Ne 6:9 Isa 35:3,4 Jer 38:4 - troubled. * Ne 4:7,8,11 VERSE 5 - hired. * Ps 2:1,2 Na 1:11 Ac 24:1-27 - Darius. * :24; 5:5-17; 6:1-18 VERSE 6 - A.M. 3475. B.C. 529. Ahasuerus. Heb. Ahashverosh. This was Cambyses, son of Cyrus, who succeeded his father, A.M. 3475, and reigned seven years and five months. - wrote. * Mt 27:37 Ac 24:5-9,13; 25:7 Re 12:10 VERSE 7 - A.M. 3482. B.C. 522. Artaxerxes. This Artaxerxes was one of the Magi, who usurped the throne after the death of Cambyses, for seven months, feigning himself to be Smerdis, brother of Cambyses: he is called Oropoestus by Justin, Smerdis by Herodotus, Mardus by AEschylus, and Sphendatates by Ctesias. - Bishlam. or, in peace. companions. Heb. societies. * :9,17; 5:6 - the Syrian tongue. That is, probably, both the language and character were Syrian or Chaldaic; and therefore, from the 8th verse of this chapter, to ch. 27 7:27, the original is not Hebrew, but Chaldee, in those parts which consist of letters, decrees, etc., originally written in that language. * 2Ki 18:26 Isa 36:11 Da 2:4 VERSE 8 - scribe. or, secretary. * :9 2Sa 8:17; 20:25 2Ki 18:18 VERSE 9 - companions. Chal. societies. the Dinaites. * 2Ki 17:24,30,31 - Apharsathchites. * Ezr 5:6; 6:6 - Apharsachites. Susanchites. * Es 1:2; 2:3 Da 8:2 - Elamites. * Ge 10:22 Isa 21:2 Jer 25:25; 49:34 Eze 32:24 Ac 2:9 VERSE 10 - And the rest. * :1 2Ki 17:24-41 - noble Asnappar. * Ro 13:7 - at such a time. Chal. Cheeneth. * :11,17; 7:12 VERSE 11 - at such a time. * :15,19 2Ki 18:20; 24:1 2Ch 36:13 Jer 52:3 Eze 17:12-21 * Lu 23:2-5 Ac 24:5 1Th 5:22 1Pe 2:13-15 - Artaxerxes. * :17; 7:12 VERSE 12 - rebellious. * :15,19 2Ki 18:20; 24:1 2Ch 36:13 Jer 52:3 Eze 17:12-21 * Lu 23:2-5 Ac 24:5 1Th 5:22 1Pe 2:13-15 - bad city. * Ps 48:1,2 Isa 1:21-23 Lu 13:34 - set up. or, finished. * Ne 1:3 Da 9:25 - joined. Chal. sewed together. VERSE 13 - if this city. * Ne 5:4 Ps 52:2; 119:69 - pay. Chal. give. toll. * Ezr 7:24 Mt 9:9; 17:25 Ro 13:6,7 - revenue. or, strength. VERSE 14 - have maintenance, etc. Chal. are salted with the salt of the palace. Salt is reckoned among the principal necessaries of life, (Ecclus. 26 39:26 or 31;) hence, by a very natural figure, salt is used for food or maintenance in general. I am well informed, says Mr. Parkhurst, that it is a common expression of the natives in the East Indies, "I eat such a one's salt," meaning, I am fed by him. Salt was also, as it still is, among eastern nations, a symbol of friendship and hospitality; and hence, to eat a man's salt, is to be bound to him by the ties of friendship. - and it was. * Eze 33:31 Joh 12:5,6; 19:12-15 VERSE 15 - this city. * :12 Ne 2:19; 6:6 Es 3:5-8 Da 6:4-13 Ac 17:6,7 - moved. Chal. made. within the same. Chal. in the midst thereof. for which. * 2Ki 24:20; 25:1,4 Jer 52:3-34 VERSE 16 - thou shalt have. * :20 2Sa 8:3 1Ki 4:24 VERSE 17 - companions. Chal. societies. * :7,9 - Peace. * Ezr 5:7; 7:12 Lu 10:5 Ac 23:26 Ro 1:7 - at such a time. * :10,11 VERSE 18 - plainly read. * Le 24:12 *marg: * Nu 15:34 Ne 8:8 VERSE 19 - I commanded. Chal. by me a decree is set. search. * :15; 5:17; 6:1,2 De 13:14 Pr 25:2 - and it is found. * 2Ki 18:7; 24:20 Eze 17:13-19 - made insurrection. Chal. lifted up itself. VERSE 20 - mighty king. * 1Ki 4:21,24 1Ch 18:3 Ps 72:8 - beyond. * :16 Ge 15:18 Jos 1:3,4 - toll. * 1Ch 18:6,13; 19:19 2Ch 9:14,23,24; 17:11; 26:7,8 VERSE 21 - Give ye, etc. Chal. Make a decree. * :19 VERSE 22 - why should. * :13 Es 3:8,9; 7:3,4 VERSE 23 - Rehum. * :8,9,17 - they went up. * Pr 4:16 Mic 2:1 Ro 3:15 - force. Chal. arm. VERSE 24 - So. * Ne 6:3,9 Job 20:5 1Th 2:18 - Darius. This was Darius Hystaspes, one of the seven princes who slew the usurper Smerdis: he ascended the throne of Persia, A.M. 3483, B.C. 521, and reigned 36 years. * Ezr 5:5; 6:1 Hag 1:15 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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