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    GENESIS 31

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    1 Jacob, displeased with the envy of Laban and his sons, departs secretly. 19 Rachel steals her father's images. 22 Laban pursues after him, and complains of the wrong. 34 Rachel's stratagem to hide the images. 36 Jacob's complaint of Laban. 43 The covenant of Laban and Jacob at Galeed. VERSE 1 - Jacob. * :8,9 Job 31:31 Ps 57:4; 64:3,4; 120:3-5 Pr 14:30; 27:4 Ec 4:4 * Eze 16:44 Tit 3:3 - glory. 'Glory' is here used for 'wealth,' riches, or property; since those who possess riches, generally make them the subject of glory. The original word cavod, signifies both 'glory' and 'weight.' * Ge 45:13 Es 5:11 Job 31:24,25 Ps 17:14; 49:16,17 Ec 4:4 Isa 5:14 * Jer 9:23 Mt 4:8 1Ti 6:4 1Pe 1:24 VERSE 2 - countenance. * Ge 4:5 De 28:54 1Sa 18:9-11 Da 3:19 - it was. * Ge 30:27 - as before. Heb. as yesterday and the day before. * Ex 4:10 De 19:4 1Sa 19:7 *marg: VERSE 3 - Return. * Ge 28:15,20,21 *etc: * Ge 32:9; 35:1; 46:2,3; 50:24 Ps 46:1; 50:15; 90:15 - land. * :13,18; 13:15; 26:3-5; 28:4,13,15; 30:25 - with thee. * Ge 21:22; 26:24; 28:15; 32:9 Isa 41:10 Heb 13:5 VERSE 4 VERSE 5 - I see. * :2,3 - the God. * :3,13,42,53; 32:9; 48:15; 50:17 VERSE 6 * :38-42; 30:29 Eph 6:5-8 Col 3:22-25 Tit 2:9,10 1Pe 2:18 VERSE 7 - ten times. The Hebrew, asereth monim, is literally, as Aquila renders, 'ten numbers;' and Symmachus, 'ten times in number;' which probably implies an indefinite number: see ver. 41. * Le 26:26 Nu 14:22 Ne 4:12 Job 19:8 Isa 4:1 Zec 8:23 - God. * :29; 20:6 Job 1:10 Ps 37:28; 105:14,15 Isa 54:17 VERSE 8 * Ge 30:32 VERSE 9 * :1,16 Es 8:1,2 Ps 50:10 Pr 13:22 Mt 20:15 VERSE 10 - a dream. * :24; 20:6; 28:12 Nu 12:6 De 13:1 1Ki 3:5 - rams. or, he-goats. ringstraked. * Ge 30:39 - grisled. The original word, beroodim, from barad, 'hail' means marked with white spots like hail; to which our word grisled, from the old french gresle, now grele, hail, perfectly agrees; hence gresle, spotted with white on a dark ground. VERSE 11 - the angel. * :5,13; 16:7-13; 18:1,17; 48:15,16 - Here am I. * Ge 22:1 Ex 3:4 1Sa 3:4,6,8,16 Isa 58:9 VERSE 12 - Lift up. * Ge 30:37-43 - I have seen. * :42 Ex 3:7,9 Le 19:13 De 24:15 Ps 12:5; 139:3 Ec 5:8 Ac 7:34 * Eph 6:9 VERSE 13 - the God. * Ge 28:12-22; 35:7 - return. * :3; 32:9 VERSE 14 - Rachel. * Ru 4:11 - yet any. * Ge 2:24; 29:24,29 VERSE 15 - sold us. * :41; 29:15-20,27-30; 30:26 Ex 21:7-11 Ne 5:8 VERSE 16 - which God. See on ver. * :1,9; 30:35-43 - whatever. * Ps 45:10 VERSE 17 - upon camels. * Ge 24:10,61 1Sa 30:17 VERSE 18 - for to go. * Ge 27:1,2,41; 28:21; 35:27-29 VERSE 19 - images. Heb. teraphim. * :30,32; 35:2 Jos 24:2 Jud 17:4,5; 18:14-24,31 1Sa 19:13 Eze 21:21 * Ho 3:4 These might have been images devoted to superstitious or idolatrous purposes, as they are termed gods by Laban, in ver. 30. The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan render it, tzalmanaya, 'images;' the LXX. and Theodoret, [eidolon <1497,] 'idols;' Aquilla, [morphomata,] 'figures;' and the Persian, asterlabha, 'astrolabes.' VERSE 20 - unawares to Laban. Heb. the heart of Laban. See references on ver. 27. * :20 VERSE 21 - passed. * Ge 2:14; 15:18 Jos 24:2,3 - set his. * Ge 46:28 Nu 24:1 2Ki 12:17 Jer 50:5 Lu 9:51-53 - Gilead. * :23 Nu 32:1 De 3:12 Jos 13:8,9 Jud 10:18 1Ki 17:1 VERSE 22 * Ge 30:36 Ex 14:5 *etc: * Job 5:12,13 VERSE 23 * Ge 13:8; 24:27 Ex 2:11,13 VERSE 24 - the Syrian. * Ge 28:5 De 26:5 Ho 12:12 - dream. * :10,29; 20:3; 40:5; 41:1 Nu 12:6; 22:20,26 1Ki 3:5 Job 33:15-17,25 * Mt 1:20; 2:12; 27:19 - Take heed. * :42; 24:50 Nu 24:13 2Sa 13:22 Ps 105:14,15 Isa 37:29 - either good or bad. Heb. from good to bad. VERSE 25 * Ge 12:8; 33:18 Heb 11:9 VERSE 26 - What. * :36; 3:13; 4:10; 12:18; 20:9,10; 26:10 Jos 7:19 1Sa 14:43; 17:29 * Joh 18:35 - carried. * :16; 2:24; 34:29 1Sa 30:2 VERSE 27 - Wherefore. * :3-5,20,21,31 Jud 6:27 - steal away from me. Heb. hast stolen me. * :20 *marg: - that I. * Pr 26:23-26 - with mirth. * Ge 24:59,60 Job 21:11-14 - tabret. * Ex 15:20 VERSE 28 - kiss. * :55; 29:13 Ex 4:27 Ru 1:9,14 1Ki 19:20 Ac 20:37 - foolishly. * :3,13,24 1Sa 13:13 2Ch 16:9 1Co 2:14 VERSE 29 - the power. * Ps 52:1 Joh 19:10,11 - the God. * :42,53; 28:13 Jos 24:2,3 2Ki 19:10 Da 2:47; 3:28; 6:20,26 - yesternight. * :24 - Take. * Ac 5:38,39; 9:5 VERSE 30 - my gods. * :19 Ex 12:12 Nu 33:4 Jud 6:31; 18:24 1Sa 5:2-6 2Sa 5:21 * Isa 37:19; 46:1,2 Jer 10:11; 43:12 VERSE 31 - Because. * :26,27; 20:11 Pr 29:25 VERSE 32 - whomsoever. This was rash, and might have produced fatal effects; but Jacob was partial to Rachel, and did not suspect her; and he was indignant at being accused of a crime which he deeply abhorred. Scott. * :19,30; 44:9-12 - before. * :23; 13:8; 19:7; 30:33 1Sa 12:3-5 2Co 8:20,21; 12:17-19 - For Jacob. * 1Sa 14:24-29 VERSE 33 - Leah's. * Ge 24:28,67 VERSE 34 - had taken. * :17,19 - furniture. The word, car, rendered 'furniture,' properly denotes 'a large round pannier,' placed one on each side of a camel, for a person, especially women, to ride in. It is a hamper, like a cradle, having a back, head, and sides, like a great chair. Moryson describes them as 'two long chairs like cradles, covered with red cloth, to hang on the two sides of the camel.' Hanway calls them kedgavays, which 'are a kind of covered chairs, which the Persians hang over their camels in the manner of panniers, and are big enough for one person to sit in.' Thevenot, who calls then counes, says that they lay over them a cover, which keeps then both from the rain and sun; and Maillet describes them as covered cages, hanging on each side of a camel. The late Editor of Calmet has furnished a correct delineation of these cars, as seen on one side of a camel, copied from Dalton's Prints of Egyptian Figures. - searched. Heb. felt. VERSE 35 - my lord. * Ge 18:12 Ex 20:12 Le 19:3 Eph 6:1 1Pe 2:18; 3:6 - rise up. * Le 19:32 1Ki 2:19 - custom. * Ge 18:11 Le 15:19 VERSE 36 - was wroth. * Ge 30:2; 34:7; 49:7 Nu 16:15 2Ki 5:11; 13:19 Pr 28:1 Mr 3:5 Eph 4:26 * Jas 19 1:19,20 VERSE 37 - set it here. * :32 Jos 7:23 1Sa 12:3,4 Mt 18:16 1Co 6:4,5 1Th 2:10 Heb 13:18 * 1Pe 2:12; 3:16 VERSE 38 - twenty. * :41 - ewes. * Ge 30:27,30 Ex 23:26 De 28:4 - the rams. * Eze 34:2-4 VERSE 39 - torn of. * Ex 22:10,31 Le 22:8 1Sa 17:34,35 Joh 10:12,13 - I bare. * Ex 22:10-13 - or stolen. * Lu 2:8 VERSE 40 * Ex 2:19-22; 3:1 Ps 78:70,71 Ho 12:12 Lu 2:8 Joh 21:15-17 * Heb 13:7 1Pe 5:2-4 VERSE 41 - fourteen. * :38; 29:18-30; 30:33-40 1Co 15:10 2Co 11:26 - ten times. See on ver. * :7 VERSE 42 - Except. * :24,29 Ps 124:1-3 - fear. * :53; 27:33 Ps 76:11,12; 124:1 Isa 8:13 - hath seen. * :12; 11:5; 16:11,13; 29:32 Ex 3:7 1Ch 12:17 Ps 31:7 Jude 1:9 VERSE 43 VERSE 44 - let us. * Ge 15:18; 21:22-32; 26:28-31 1Sa 20:14-17 - a witness. * :48,52; 21:30 De 31:19,21,26 Jos 22:27; 24:25-27 God can put a bridle into the mouth of wicked man to restrain their malice; and then, though they have no love for his people, they will pretend to it, and try to make a merit of necessity. Scott. VERSE 45 * Ge 28:18-22 VERSE 46 - brethren. * :23,32,37,54 - Gather. * Jos 4:5-9,20-24; 7:26 2Sa 18:17 Ec 3:5 - an heap. The word gal, rendered 'heap,' properly signifies a round heap or circle; probably like the Druidical remains in this country, which have been traced in India, Persia, Western Asia, Greece, and Northern Europe. These usually consist of irregular circles of large stones, with a principal one in the midst; the former probably being used for seats, and the latter for an altar; corresponding to the stone set up as a pillar by Jacob, and the heap of stones collected by his brethren. They appear to have been used, as Gilgal undoubtedly was, (Jos. 5 4:5; Ju. 1 2:1; 19 3:19; ch. 20. 1Sa. 16 7:16; 8 10:8, 17; 15 11:15; 7 13:7; 33 15:33. 2Sa. 15 19:15, 40. 2Ki. 1 2:1.) as temples, and as places for holding councils, and assembling the people. For a satisfactory elucidation of this subject, consult the Fragments to Calmet, Nos. 156, 735, 736. VERSE 47 - Jegar-sahadutha. i.e., the heap of witness. Chald. Galeed. i.e., the heap of witness. Heb. * Heb 12:1 VERSE 48 - This heap. * Jos 24:27 - Galeed. or, Gilead. * :23 De 2:36; 3:16 Jos 13:8,9 VERSE 49 - Mizpah. i.e., a beacon, or watch-tower. * Jud 10:17; 11:11,29 - Mizpeh. * 1Sa 7:5 1Ki 15:22 Ho 5:1 VERSE 50 - afflict. * Le 18:18 Mt 19:5,6 - God. * Jud 11:10 1Sa 12:5 Jer 29:23; 42:5 Mic 1:2 Mal 2:14; 3:5 1Th 2:5 VERSE 51 - I have cast. For yarithi, 'I have set up,' we may read yaritha, 'Thou hast set up,' with one Heb. and one Sam. MS: see ver. 45. * :51 VERSE 52 - See on ver. * :44,45,48 VERSE 53 - God of Abraham. * Ge 11:24-29,31; 17:7; 22:20-24; 24:3,4 Ex 3:6 Jos 24:2 - their father. For avihem, 'Their father,' several MSS. read avichem, 'Your father,' for Terah was an idolater: see Jos 24:2. - judge. * Ge 16:5 - sware. * Ge 14:22; 21:23,24; 24:3; 26:28-31 - fear. * :42 De 6:13 VERSE 54 - offered sacrifice. or, killed beasts. did eat. * Ge 21:8; 26:30; 37:25 Ex 18:12 2Sa 3:20,21 VERSE 55 - and kissed. * :28; 33:4 Ru 1:14 - blessed. * Ge 24:60; 28:1 Nu 23:5,8,11 De 23:5 Pr 16:7 - returned. * Ge 18:33; 30:25 Nu 24:25 De 32:36 Ps 76:10 Ac 28:4,5 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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