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    GENESIS 38

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    1 Judah begets Er, Onan, and Shelah. 6 Er's marriage with Tamar, and death. 8 The trespass of Onan. 11 Tamar is reserved for Shelah. 12 Judah's wife dies. 13 Tamar deceives Judah. 27 She bears twins, Pharez and Zarah. VERSE 1 - A.M. 2265. B.C. 1739. - it came. As there cannot be above 23 years from the selling of Joseph, unto Israel's going down into Egypt; and as it is impossible that Judah should take a wife, and by her have three sons successively, and Shelah, the youngest, marriageable when Judah begat Pharez of Tamar, and Pharez be grown up, married, and have two sons, all within so short a period; Mr. Ainsworth conceives that the time here spoken of is soon after Jacob's coming to Shechem, (ch. 33.) We have accordingly adapted the chronology to correspond with that time. - turned. * Ge 19:2,3 Jud 4:18 2Ki 4:8 Pr 9:6; 13:20 - Adullamite. An inhabitant of Adullam, a city of Canaan, afterwards given to Judah, situated in the southern part of that tribe, west of Hebron. * Jos 12:15; 15:35 1Sa 22:1 2Sa 23:13 Mic 1:15 VERSE 2 - saw. * Ge 3:6; 6:2; 24:3; 34:2 Jud 14:2; 16:1 2Sa 11:2 2Co 6:14 - Shuah. * Ge 46:12 1Ch 2:3 - Shua. - took. * Ge 6:4; 24:3 VERSE 3 - A.M. 2266. B.C. 1738. Er. * Ge 46:12 Nu 26:19 VERSE 4 - A.M. 2267. B.C. 1737. Onan. * Ge 46:12 Nu 26:19 VERSE 5 - A.M. 2268. B.C. 1736. - Shelah. * :11,26; 46:12 Nu 26:20 1Ch 4:21 - Chezib. Chezib is said, by Eusebius and Jerome, to have been situated near Adullam, and to be then uninhabited. VERSE 6 - took. * Ge 21:21; 24:3 - Tamar. * Mt 1:3 VERSE 7 - Er. * Ge 46:12 Nu 26:19 - wicked. * Ge 6:8; 13:13; 19:13 2Ch 33:6 - and the. * 1Ch 2:3 Ps 55:23 VERSE 8 - A.M. 2282. B.C. 1722. * Le 18:16 Nu 36:8,9 De 25:5-10 Ru 1:11; 4:5-11 Mt 22:23-27 VERSE 9 - he is. * De 25:6 Ru 1:11; 4:10 - lest that. * Job 5:2 Pr 27:4 Tit 3:3 Jas 3:14,16; 4:5 VERSE 10 - displeased. Heb. was evil in the eyes of. * Nu 11:1; 22:34 2Sa 11:27 1Ch 21:7 Pr 14:32; 24:18 Jer 44:4 * Hag 1:13 - him also. * Ge 46:12 Nu 26:19 VERSE 11 - till Shelah. * Ru 1:11,13 - in her. * Le 22:13 VERSE 12 - in process of time. Heb. the days were multiplied. comforted. * Ge 24:67 2Sa 13:39 - sheep shearers. * Ge 31:19 1Sa 25:4-8,36 2Sa 13:23-29 - Timnath. Timnath is, in all probability, that in the border of Judah, between Jerusalem and Diospolis, given to Dan, and mentioned in the history of Samson as belonging to the Philistines. * :1 Jos 15:10,35,37 - Timnah. * Jos 19:43 - Thimnathah. * Jud 14:1 VERSE 13 - Timnath. * Jud 14:1 - shear. * Ge 31:19 1Sa 25:2,11 VERSE 14 - and sat. * Pr 7:12 Jer 3:2 Eze 16:25 - an open place. Heb. the door of eyes, or of Enajim} Some think {ainayim} means "the two fountains," or "double fountain;" while others regard it as a proper name, and the same as Enaim, a city of Judah, (Jos 15:34.) So the LXX. render it Enan. - Timnath. See ver. * :12,13 - that Shelah. * :11,26 VERSE 15 - harlot. * Ge 34:31 Le 19:29; 21:14 Nu 25:1,6 De 23:18 Jud 11:1; 16:1; 19:2,25 * 1Ki 3:16 Pr 2:18,19 Am 2:7 - because. * 1Th 5:22 1Pe 3:3-6 - covered. * :14 VERSE 16 - Go to. * 2Sa 13:11 - What wilt. * De 23:18 Eze 16:33 Mt 26:15 1Ti 6:10 VERSE 17 - I will. * Eze 16:33 - a kid. Heb. a kid of the goats. Wilt thou. * :20,24,25 Pr 20:16 Lu 16:8 VERSE 18 - Thy signet. {Chothem,} or {chothemeth,} as in ver. 25, is properly a ring-seal, with which impressions were made to ascertain property, etc. From Jer 22:24, we find that it was worn on the hand; though it might also have been suspended from the neck by a ribband, as the Arabs still wear it. * :25,26 Jer 22:24 Lu 15:22 - bracelets. {Pathil,} from {pathal,} to twist, wreathe, may denote either a wreath for the arm or neck, a twisted collar, or bracelet. In the former sense the LXX. render it by [ormiskon,] and Aquila and Symmachus by [strepton;] and in the latter sense, the Vulgate renders it by {armillam.} It may have been a collar by which the signet was suspended; though its being used in the plural seems to favor the opinion of its being a bracelet. - gave it her. * :25,26 Ho 4:11 VERSE 19 - laid by her vail. * :14 2Sa 14:2,5 VERSE 20 - his friend. * Ge 20:9 Le 19:17 Jud 14:20 2Sa 13:3 Lu 23:12 VERSE 21 - openly by the way side. or, in Enajim. * :14 VERSE 22 VERSE 23 - lest we. * 2Sa 12:9 Pr 6:33 Ro 6:21 2Co 4:2 Eph 5:12 Re 16:15 - be shamed. Heb. become a contempt. VERSE 24 - played the harlot. * Ge 34:31 Jud 19:2 Ec 7:26 Jer 2:20; 3:1,6,8 Eze 16:15,28,41 * Eze 23:5,19,44 Ho 2:5; 3:3; 4:15 - let her. * Ge 20:3,7,9 Le 20:10; 21:9 De 22:21-27; 24:16 2Sa 12:5,7 * Jer 29:22,23 Mt 7:1-5 Ro 2:1,2; 14:22 VERSE 25 - Discern. * :18; 37:32 Ps 50:21 Jer 2:26 Ro 2:16 1Co 4:5 Re 20:12 VERSE 26 - acknowledged. * Ge 37:33 - She hath. * 1Sa 24:17 2Sa 24:17 Eze 16:52 Hab 1:13 Joh 8:9 Ro 3:19 - more righteous. Not less to blame, but more righteous. because. * :14 - And he knew. * Ge 4:1 2Sa 16:22; 20:3 Job 4:5; 34:31,32; 40:5 Mt 3:8 Ro 13:12 * Tit 2:11,12 1Pe 4:2,3 VERSE 27 - twins. * Ge 25:24 VERSE 28 - came to pass. * :1 - travailed. * Ge 35:16 - midwife. * Ge 35:17 - scarlet thread. * Jos 2:18 VERSE 29 - A.M. 2283. B.C. 1721. How hast, etc. or, Wherefore hast thou made this breach against thee? his name. * Ge 46:12 Nu 26:20 1Ch 2:4; 9:4 Ne 11:4,6 - Perez. * Mt 1:3 Lu 3:33 - Phares. Pharez. i.e., a breach. VERSE 30 - Zarah. * 1Ch 9:6 - Zerah. * Mt 1:3 - Zara. 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