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    GENESIS 41

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    1 Pharaoh has two dreams. 9 Joseph interprets them. 33 He gives Pharaoh counsel, and is highly advanced, and married. 46 The seven years of plenty. 50 He begets children. 53 The famine begins. VERSE 1 - A.M. 2289. B.C. 1715. two full years. {Shenathayim yamim,} "two years of days," two complete solar revolutions; as a month of days is a full month. * Ge 29:14 - that Pharaoh. * Ge 20:3; 37:5-10; 40:5 Jud 7:13,14 Es 6:1 Job 33:15,16 Da 2:1-3 * Da 4:5-18; 7:1-8:27 Mt 27:19 - the river. * Ge 31:21 Ex 1:22; 4:9 De 11:10 Isa 19:5 Eze 29:3,9 VERSE 2 - there came. * :17-27 - a meadow. Or, rather, "on, or among the reeds or sedges;" for so {achoo} is generally supposed to denote (see Job 8:11); so called, according to Mr. Parkhurst, from its fitness for making ropes, or the like, to connect or join things together, from {achah,} to join, connect: thus the Latin {juncus,} a bulrush, {a jungendo,} from joining, for the same reason. He supposes it to be that sort of reed growing near the Nile which Hasselquist describes as "having scarce any branches, but numerous leaves, which are narrow, smooth, channelled on the upper surface, and the plant about eleven feet high. The Egyptians make ropes of the leaves." VERSE 3 - ill favored. * :4,20,21 VERSE 4 - So Pharaoh awoke. * 1Ki 3:15 VERSE 5 - seven ears. A species of wheat, which grows in Egypt, bears, when perfect, seven ears on one stalk, as its natural conformation. It differs from ours in having a solid stem, or at least a stem full of pith, in order to yield sufficient nourishment and support to so great a weight as the ears which it bears. - rank. Heb. fat. * De 32:14 VERSE 6 - blasted. * Eze 17:10; 19:12 Ho 13:15 VERSE 7 - a dream. * Ge 20:3; 37:5 VERSE 8 - his spirit. * Ge 40:6 Da 2:1-3; 4:5,19; 5:6; 7:28; 8:27 Hab 3:16 - the magicians of Egypt. The word here used (chartummim) may mean no more than interpreters of abstruse or difficult subjects; especially of dreams and visions, which formed a considerable part of the ancient pagan religion; and the Egyptian priests were the first who professed this art. The word may be of affinity with, or derived from, the Persian {chiradmand,} wise, learned, judicious, intelligent, from {chirad,} understanding, judgment, and {mand,} endowed with. They seem to have been such persons as Josephus calls sacred scribes; or professors of sacred learning. * Ex 7:11,22; 8:7,18,19; 9:11 Le 19:31; 20:6 De 18:9-14 Isa 8:19 * Isa 19:3; 29:14; 47:12,13 Da 1:20; 2:2; 4:7; 5:7,11 Ac 17:18 - the wise men. * Mt 2:1 Ac 7:22 - but there. * Ge 40:8 Job 5:12,13 Ps 25:14 Isa 19:11-13; 29:14 Da 2:4-11,27,28 * Da 5:8 1Co 1:19; 3:18-20 VERSE 9 - I do remember. * Ge 40:1-3,14,23 VERSE 10 - Pharaoh. * Ge 39:20; 40:2,3 - captain. * Ge 37:36 VERSE 11 * Ge 40:5-8 VERSE 12 - servant. * Ge 37:36; 39:1,20 - interpreted. * Ge 40:12-19 VERSE 13 - me he restored. * Ge 40:12,20-22 Jer 1:10 Eze 43:3 VERSE 14 - sent. * 1Sa 2:7,8 Ps 105:19-22; 113:7,8 - and they brought him hastily. Heb. made him run. * Ex 10:16 1Sa 2:8 Ps 113:7,8 Da 2:25 - he shaved. * 2Sa 19:24 2Ki 25:29 Es 4:1-4; 5:1 Isa 61:3,10 Jer 52:32,33 VERSE 15 - I have heard. * :9-13 Ps 25:14 Da 5:12,16 - that thou canst understand a dream to interpret it. or, when thou hearest a dream, thou canst interpret it. VERSE 16 - It is not. * Ge 40:8 Nu 12:6 2Ki 6:27 Da 2:18-23,28-30,47; 4:2 Ac 3:7,12 * Ac 14:14,15 1Co 15:10 2Co 3:5 - peace. * Ge 37:14 Lu 19:42 VERSE 17 * :1-7 VERSE 18 * Jer 24:1-3,5,8 VERSE 19 - poor. * Ru 3:10 VERSE 20 VERSE 21 - eaten them up. Heb. come to the inward parts of them. * Eze 3:3 Re 10:9,10 - still. * Ps 37:19 Isa 9:20 VERSE 22 VERSE 23 - withered. or, small. thin. * :6 2Ki 19:26 Ps 129:6,7 Ho 8:7; 9:16; 13:15 - blasted. All the mischief done to corn or fruit by blasting, smutting, mildew, etc. are attributed to the east wind. (See Parallel Passages.) In Egypt it is peculiarly destructive, because it comes through the parched deserts of Arabia, often destroying vast numbers of people. The destructive nature of the {Sam, Simoom, Smoom,} or {Samiel,} is mentioned by almost all travellers. When this pestilential wind advances, its approach is indicated by a redness in the air. The principal stream of the blast always moves in a line of about 20 yards in breadth, and 12 feet above the surface of the earth; but its parching influence pervades all places to a considerable distance. The only means of preservation from its noxious influence is to lie flat, with the face upon the ground, till the blast be over. Camels and other animals instinctively perceive its approach, and bury their mouths and nostrils in the ground. It rarely last more than seven or eight minutes, but so poisonous are its effects, that it instantly suffocates those who are unfortunate enough to inhale it. VERSE 24 - I told this. * :8 Ex 8:19 Da 4:7 VERSE 25 - God. See on ver. * :16 Ex 9:14 Jos 11:6 Ps 98:2 Isa 41:22,23; 43:9 Da 2:28,29 * Da 2:45,47 Am 3:7 Mt 24:40 Mr 13:23 Eph 1:17 Re 4:1 VERSE 26 - are. or, signify. * :2,5,29,47,53; 40:18 Ex 12:11 1Co 10:4 - good ears are seven. See ch. * Ge 40:12 - the dream is one. * Ge 2:24 Ex 26:6 1Jo 5:7 VERSE 27 - seven years of famine. * 2Sa 24:19 2Ki 8:1 VERSE 28 - What God. See on ver. * :16,25 VERSE 29 * :26,46,49 VERSE 30 - seven years. * :27,54 2Sa 24:13 1Ki 17:1 2Ki 8:1 Lu 4:25 Jas 17 5:17 - shall be. * :21,51 Pr 31:7 Isa 65:16 - consume. * Ge 47:13 Ps 105:16 VERSE 31 - the plenty. It is well known, that in Egypt there is scarcely any rain, the country depending for its fertility upon the overflowing of the Nile; and that the fertility is in proportion to the duration and quality of the overflow, in order to saturate the land and prepare for the seed. Pliny has given a scale, by which the plenty or dearth may ascertained; which may be considered as perfectly correct. The ordinary height of the inundations is 16 cubits. When the waters are lower than this standard, they do not overflow the whole ground; when above this standard they are too long in running off. In the first case, the ground is not saturated; by the second, the waters are detained so long on the ground that seed-time is lost. The province marks both. If it rise only 12 cubits, a famine is the consequence; at 13 hunger prevails; 14 produces general rejoicing; 15 perfect security; and 16 all the luxuries of life. - grievous. Heb. heavy. * 1Sa 5:6 Isa 24:20 VERSE 32 - doubled. * Ge 37:7,9 Job 33:14,15 2Co 13:1 - it is because. * Nu 23:19 Isa 14:24-27; 46:10,11 Mt 24:35 - established by. or, prepared of. * Isa 30:33 Mt 25:34,41 Mr 10:40 1Co 2:9 Re 9:15 VERSE 33 - therefore. * Da 4:27 - look out. * Ex 18:19-22 De 1:13 Ac 6:3 VERSE 34 - officers. or, overseers. * Nu 31:14 2Ki 11:11,12 2Ch 34:12 Ne 11:9 - and take. * Job 5:20 Ps 33:19 Pr 6:6-8; 22:3; 27:12 Lu 16:5 VERSE 35 - gather. * :48,49,56; 45:6,7 - hand. * Ex 4:13 VERSE 36 - that the. * Ge 47:13-25 - perish not. Heb. be not cut off. * :30 VERSE 37 - the thing. * Ps 105:19 Pr 10:20; 25:11 Ac 7:10 - good. * Jos 22:30 2Sa 3:36 1Ki 21:2 VERSE 38 - in whom. * Nu 27:18 Job 32:8 Da 4:6,8,18; 5:11,14; 6:3 VERSE 39 * :16,25,28,33 VERSE 40 - Thou shalt. * Ge 39:4-6; 45:8,9,26 Ps 105:21,22 Pr 22:29 Da 2:46-48; 5:29; 6:3 - be ruled. Heb. be armed, or kiss. * 1Sa 10:1 Job 31:27 Ps 2:12 VERSE 41 * :44; 39:5,22 Es 10:3 Pr 17:2; 22:29 Da 2:7,8; 4:2,3; 6:3 Mt 28:18 * Php 2:9-11 VERSE 42 - his ring. * Es 3:10,12; 6:7-12; 8:2,8,10,15; 10:3 Da 2:46,47; 5:7,29 Lu 15:22 - fine linen. or, silk. * Eze 27:7 - a gold chain. * Pr 1:9; 31:22,24 So 1:10 Eze 16:10,11 Da 5:7,16,29 Lu 19:16-19 VERSE 43 - and they. * Es 6:8,9 - Bow the knee. or, Tender father. * Ge 45:8 - Heb. Abrech. * Php 2:10 - ruler. * Ge 42:6,30,33; 45:8,26 Ac 7:10 VERSE 44 - lift up his hand. * Ex 11:7 VERSE 45 - Zaphnath-paaneah. Which in Coptic signifies a revealer of secrets, or, the man to whom secrets are revealed. Jerome says this name signified in Egyptian, {Savatorem mundi,} "the Savior of the world;" and {Psotem-phaneh,} in Coptic, is certainly "salvation of the world," from [SOT,] for [soteria <4991>,] salvation, {em,} the sign of the genitive case, and [PHENEH], world. If this interpretation be correct, Pharaoh must have meant Egypt by the world, or which Joseph might be justly termed the Savior. We know that the Romans called their empire {Universis Orbis-Orbis Terrarum,} "all the world:" the Chinese say the same of their empire at the present day, and the phrase is used in the East: Nadir Shah is described on his coins as "Conqueror of the World," i.e., Persia. See the same phraseology applied to Syria, Palestine, etc. * Lu 2:1 Ac 11:28 - priest of. or, prince. * Ge 14:18 Ex 2:16 *marg: * 2Sa 8:18; 20:26 *Heb: - On. * Ge 46:20 Eze 30:17 - Aven. VERSE 46 - years. * Ge 37:2 Nu 4:3 2Sa 5:4 Lu 3:23 - he stood. * 1Sa 16:21 1Ki 12:6,8 Pr 22:29 Da 1:19 Lu 21:36 Jude 1:24 VERSE 47 - From A.M. 2289, B.C. 1715, to A.M. 2296, B.C. 1708. handfuls. * Ge 26:12 Ps 72:16 VERSE 48 * :34-36; 47:21 VERSE 49 * Ge 22:17 Jud 6:5; 7:12 1Sa 13:5 Job 1:3 Ps 78:27 Jer 33:22 VERSE 50 - unto Joseph. * Ge 46:20; 48:5 - Asenath. * :45; 46:20 - priest. or, prince. * 2Sa 8:18 VERSE 51 - called. A.M. 2292. B.C. 1712. * Ge 48:5,13,14,18-20 De 33:17 - Manasseh. i.e., Forgetting. See on ver. * :30 Ps 45:10 Isa 57:16 - forget. * Ps 30:5,11 Pr 31:7 Isa 65:16 VERSE 52 - A.M. 2293. B.C. 1711. called he. * Ge 29:32-35; 30:6-13; 50:23 - Ephraim. i.e., Fruitful. * Ge 48:16-19; 49:22 Isa 40:1,2 - the land. * Ps 105:17,18 Am 6:6 Ac 7:10 VERSE 53 - A.M. 2296. B.C. 1708. * :29-31 Ps 73:20 Lu 16:25 VERSE 54 - the seven. * :3,4,6,7,27; 45:11 Ps 105:16 Ac 7:11 - according. * :30 - and the dearth. * Ge 42:2,5,6; 43:1; 45:11; 47:13 VERSE 55 - famished. * 2Ki 6:25-29 Jer 14:1-6 La 4:3-10 - Go unto. * :40,41 Ps 105:20-22 Mt 3:17; 17:5 Joh 1:14-16 Php 4:19 * Col 1:19 VERSE 56 - the face. * Isa 23:17 Zec 5:3 Lu 21:35 Ac 17:26 - all the storehouses. Heb. all wherein was. sold. * Ge 42:6; 47:14-24 VERSE 57 - all countries. * Ge 42:1,5; 50:20 De 9:28 Ps 105:16,17 - in all lands. * :54,56 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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